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Final Proj Ct

Final Proj Ct

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Published by Ruchi Mehta

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Published by: Ruchi Mehta on Dec 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The term “public transport” itself is a misnomer in many ways. Which transport systemin India is not public? The ubiquitous auto rickshaw is used as a “hop-in and hop-out”coach in many parts of India, busses and rail also operate with a fixed tariff rate on predetermined routes.Transportation in India is a
large and varied sector of the economy
. The nationalrailroad was the major freight hauler at independence, but road transport in India grewrapidly after 1947. Both rail and road transport remains important.Although there is a large private-sector involvement in transportation in India, the
government plays a large regulatory and developmental role
. The central governmenthas ministries to handle civil aviation, railroads, and surface transportation. Counterpartagencies are found at the state and union territory level. Critical to improving the entiretransportation sector, the ability of the sector to adjust to the central government'snational reform initiatives, including privatization, deregulation, and reduced subsidies plays a vital role. The sector must also adjust to foreign trade expansion, demographic pressures and increasing urbanization, technological change and obsolescence, energyavailability, and environmental and public safety concerns.It is however very easy to say that everything should be
. Definitely, privatization brings in efficiency, accountability and much needed flexibility. Conversely privatization also looks for returns, and merely privatizing the transportation industry willnot cure the problem. Will the corporate houses invest if they for one second think thatthey will not see returns for a while - given the mess that transportation is in?1
Indian Railways, It truly reflects India which is a land of diverse culture and IndianRailways play a key role in not only
meeting the transport needs of the country, butalso in binding together dispersed areas and promoting national
It iscomplex, sometimes unwieldy and unmanageable, and yet full of life. It prospers againstall odds! It is not just a transport organization. It is a great social institution. So manythings may go wrong in the country, but the Indian Railways somehow manages to keepits head up above the waters, and it always runs the trains, serving millions of peopleeveryday. Truly, Indian Railways have emerged as the sinew of the Indian economy andhave reached out to bring together the great Indian family.Indian Railways (IR) is the state-owned railway company of India.
Indian RailwaysType
April 16, 1853, nationalized in 1951
 New Delhi
Key peopleUnion Railway Minister:
Laloo Prasad Yadav
Minister of State for Railways (V):
R. Velu
Minister of State for Railways (R):
 Naranbhai J Rathwa
Chairman Railway Board:
J. P. Batra
Area served
Railways and Locomotives
Government of India
 IR has a monopoly
on the country's rail transport
. Indian Railways are the largest railnetwork in Asia and the world's second largest under one management, after Russia.2
Criss-crossing the country's vast geographical spread, IR’s work force is 1.5 million andit runs around 11,000 trains everyday, including 7,000 passenger trains. The railwaystraverse through the length and width of the country; the routes cover a total length of 63,028 kilometers. The Indian Railways own a total of 222,147 freight wagons; 37,840coaching vehicles; 7,566 locomotives and have 6,974 stations; 300 yards; 2,300 goodsheds; 700 repair shops spread all over the country with a work force of 1.54 million people.Freight traffic on Indian Railways has registered an impressive growth in the last four decades. IR is a leading passenger carrying railway in the world. Harnessing the potentialof these vast and widespread assets to meet the growing traffic needs of developingeconomy, it is no easy task and makes IR a complex cybernetic system.
 Railways have to perform the dual role of commercial organization and vehicle for  fulfillment of social obligations
. In national emergency, railways have been in theforefront in rushing relief material to disaster stricken regions. For meeting its socialobligations, railways are required to make investments that are un-remunerative and alsohave to provide subsidized services. Unlike many foreign railways, which receivegovernment subsidies for public service obligations, Indian Railways are not specificallycompensated for these operations.The role played by the Indian Railways in our country’s socio-political development isindisputable. Apart from its stated duty of transporting men and goods across the lengthand breadth of the country, it has played a stellar role in times of natural and man-madedisasters. The role of the railways becomes even more crucial to the development of thecountry as we enter the 21
century and the pace of the growth of the economyaccelerates. The need for an efficient transportation sector would become more crucialwith every passing year. Thus it is necessary for the Railways to remain competitive, interms of both cost and quality of services, to ensure an efficiently functioning transportsector in the country.

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