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Jarash Hinterland Survey 2008 Report

Jarash Hinterland Survey 2008 Report

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Published by David Connolly
A three week season of field survey of the Jarash Hinterland was carried out between 6 September and 25 September 2008. The 2008 season is the second season of a project covering an intended area of 10 sq km centred on the Roman City of Gerasa.

The 2008 survey area consists of the largely developed hillside to the N and NW of the Roman city in Zhara as Siraw, beside the Suf road; the northern Wadi Jarash or Wadi Deir as far as Birketein; the developed hillsides to the E of the main N-S road Route 15 (old Irbid Road) that divides the ancient city in two and N of the new Irbid road that runs E-W along the S side of the city, focussed on the land outside the Roman city wall; and the southern Wadi Jarash. The 2008 survey area covered a total area of 1.9 sq km and recorded 402 sites. The survey area has now encircled the ancient city and the total area surveyed in 2005 and 2008 covers 2.5 sq km and has recorded 625 sites.
A three week season of field survey of the Jarash Hinterland was carried out between 6 September and 25 September 2008. The 2008 season is the second season of a project covering an intended area of 10 sq km centred on the Roman City of Gerasa.

The 2008 survey area consists of the largely developed hillside to the N and NW of the Roman city in Zhara as Siraw, beside the Suf road; the northern Wadi Jarash or Wadi Deir as far as Birketein; the developed hillsides to the E of the main N-S road Route 15 (old Irbid Road) that divides the ancient city in two and N of the new Irbid road that runs E-W along the S side of the city, focussed on the land outside the Roman city wall; and the southern Wadi Jarash. The 2008 survey area covered a total area of 1.9 sq km and recorded 402 sites. The survey area has now encircled the ancient city and the total area surveyed in 2005 and 2008 covers 2.5 sq km and has recorded 625 sites.

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Published by: David Connolly on Oct 24, 2008
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10/15/2011

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 Jarash Hinterland Survey 2008 Season Jarash Hinterland Survey
1
 
Contents
 
Page
 Introduction 5Update on the 2005 Survey Results 6
 
The Jarash North-West Necropolis 6Objectives of the Field Survey 10Methods of Field Survey 11Mapping 11Topography and Geology 12
 
Geological Notes by Don Boyer 13The Database 17The Survey Areas 18
 
East of the City 18
 
South Wadi Jarash 18
 
Wadi Deir 19
 
NW of the City 19Overview of Site Types 20
 
Quarries 20
 
Rock Cut Tombs (Hypogea) 20
 
Mausolea 24
 
Sarcophagi 25
 
Rock-cut graves 25
 
Roman Milestones 26
 
Inscriptions 27
 
Architectural fragments 28
 
Artefact scatters 29
 
Water Channels, Cisterns, Basins, Springs, Mills &Water Management 31
 
Monumental Structures 35
 
Platforms
 
36
 
 
Other types of sites 36Discussion of Survey Results 39Threats to the Archaeological Resource 39Recommendations 40Conclusions 42Proposals for further work 42
 
 Jarash Hinterland Survey 2008 Season Jarash Hinterland Survey
2
 
Acknowledgements 43Bibliography 43Contact Addresses 46Comments & Initial Observations on the Surface Collections 47by Margaret StruckmeierSummary of Dr Ina Kehrberg’s Preliminary Observations on the JHS05 SurfaceCollections 50Summary Press Release for Munjazat 52
N.B. The following 3 sections are in the full report on the accompanying disk
Site List with GPS Points 54Artefact and Crate Packing List and deposition details 68List of Primary Records and Location 82
List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of 2005 and 2008 survey areas showing all sites endFigure 2: Map of Wadi Deir (N Wadi Jarash) showing all sites endFigure 3: Map of East of the City, northern area showing all sites endFigure 4: Map of East of the City, southern area, and South Wadi Jarash,showing all sites endFigure 5: Map of North West of the City endFigure 6: Table showing types and numbers of sites 38
List of Plates
Plate 1: Aerial View of NW Necropolis, 2008 6Plate 2: Sarcophagus smashed in the last 3 years 7Plate 3: Broken pottery in fresh robbers’ upcast outside Tomb 44 8Plate 4: Damage to Site 43 from bulldozing 8Plate 5: Detail of sarcophagus smashed by recent dumping 9

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