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Quantum Mechanics Review

Quantum Mechanics Review

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Published by: 005235 on Dec 08, 2011

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Contents
1.1 Vector Spaces, Deal Spaces, and Scalar Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.1.1 Vector Spaces and “kets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.1.2 Dual Spaces and “Bras”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.1.3 Scalar Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.1.4 Tensor Products of 2 Vector Spaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.2 Linear Operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.2.1 Products of Operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.2.2 Matrix Representation of Operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.2.3 Hermitian and Unitary Operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.2.4 Transformations (Unitary). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.2.5 The Eigenvalue Problem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171.2.6 Functions of Operators, Generalizations to Inﬁnite Dimensions, and More. . 18
2.1 Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s Formulations of Classical Theory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232.1.1 Lagrangian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232.1.2 Hamiltonian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.1.3 Cyclic Coordinates, Poisson Brackets, and Canonical Transformations. . . . 252.1.4 Symmetries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.1 Postulates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273.2 Compatability, Incompatibility and Uncertainty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293.2.1 Compatible Variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293.2.2 Incompatible Variables and Uncertainty Relationships. . . . . . . . . . . . . 303.3 Pure States and Mixtures: Density Matrices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.3.1 Density Matrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.3.2 Density Matrix of a Pure State. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343.3.3 Density Matrix of Mixed States. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353.3.4 Time Evolution of the Density Matrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373.4 Schrodinger Equation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383.4.1 Solving the Schrodinger Equation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393

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