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AC Lab Manual for Ece

AC Lab Manual for Ece

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Published by V SATYA KISHORE

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Published by: V SATYA KISHORE on Dec 08, 2011
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08/20/2013

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Analog Communications Lab
 
Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology
Page 1
SWARNANDHRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
SEETHARAMPURAM, NARASAPUR – 534 280LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Twelve experiments to be done - ( a. Hardware, b. MATLAB Simulink, c. MATLABCommunication tool box)
S.NO NAME OF THE EXPERIMENTS DATE OFCOMPLETIONFACULTYSIGNATURE1234567891011
Amplitude Modulation & Demodulation.AM - DSB SC Modulation &Demodulation.Spectrum Analysis of Modulated signalusing Spectrum Analyser.Diode Detector Characteristics.Pre-emphasis & De-emphasis.Frequency Modulation & Demodulation..AGC CircuitsSampling TheoremPulse Amplitude Modulation &Demodulation.PWM, PPM Modulation & Demodulation.PLL
 
 
Analog Communications Lab
 
Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology
Page 2
Expt. No:Date:AMPLITUDE MODULATION & DEMODULATIONAIM:
To generate the amplitude modulated waveform with different modulationindices and demodulate the same.
EQUIPMENT:
1. A.M Trainer Kit2. Dual trace C.R.O3. Signal generator4. Connecting leads
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:
 
Analog Communications Lab
 
Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology
Page 3
THEORY:
Modulation is the process by which the characteristics of the carrier wave is varied oraltered in accordance with the instantaneous amplitude of modulating signal. Modulatingsignal, usually low frequency signal or audio frequency (A.F). signal means the signal to bemodulated, i.e. message signal. The message signal contains some useful information. Thecarrier signal is (usually high frequency signal or radio frequency signal) used to carry themodulating signal. Let a sinusoidal wave in analog modulation be given as
)sin()(
θ ω 
+=
 A
cc
 where A
 
= amplitude of the carrier signal
c
ω 
= angular frequency
θ 
 = phase angleAny one of these parameters may be varied in accordance with the baseband or messagesignal.
AMPLITUDE MODULATION:
Amplitude modulation is the process by which the amplitude of the carrier signal isvaried in accordance with the instantaneous value of the modulating signal, but frequency andphase of the carrier wave remain constant.Let
)(
m
and
)(
c
represent the modulating and carrier voltages respectively.
mmm
ω 
sin)(
=
 
ccc
ω 
sin)(
=
 Here
m
and
c
denote the maximum amplitudes of the modulating and carrier signalsrespectively. The amplitude of the carrier signal is changed after modulation as follows:
mmc AM 
ω 
sin)(
+=
 
)sin1(
mcmc
ω 
+=
 
)sin1(
m
mac
ω 
+=
 
a
m
is defined as the modulation index or depth of modulation.The instantaneous amplitude of the modulated signal is
c AM  AM 
ω 
sin)(
=
 
m
cmac AM 
ω ω 
sin)sin1()(
+=
 =
m
cmcacc
ω ω ω 
sinsinsin
+
 =
m
mcmc cacc
)cos()cos( 2sin
ω ω ω ω ω 
++
 The above equation represents the amplitude-modulated wave. The 1
st
term representsthe carrier wave. The 2
nd
and 3
rd
terms are identical and are called as lower side band (LSB)and upper side band (USB) respectively.

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in AM-DSB/SC modulator diagram there are some pins missing, I can't see the number of two of them, would you mind telling me which pins are, thank you so much
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