An Nu’man is a small village south east of Jerusalem, lying just inside the separation barrier atMazmouria checkpoint. Some 200 people live there in some 20 homes
surrounded by three EastJerusalem settlements: Har Homa, Umm Tuba and Tsur Baher. Residents can only enter thevillage through one checkpoint and only then if they are registered residents and on the list –visitors are not allowed. The normal duties such as shopping and going to school are greatlycomplicated by this checkpoint and harassment by Israeli soldiers or border police can beproblematic.An Nu’man’s problems can largely be considered to be a bureaucratic mistake. The village wasannexed to Jerusalem after 1967, when Israel occupied the West Bank, but in spite of this, mostof the villagers have West Bank IDs due to being registered as residents of a neighbouring villageinside the West Bank since it was in this village where their village leader or
lived. Theabsurd result is that the residents and their houses belong to different legal and administrativesystems: the houses and land are part of the (annexed) Jerusalem municipality, while theinhabitants are residents of the West Bank.
This makes the residents of An Nu’man illegalresidents in the eyes of Israeli authorities, because people with West Bank IDs are not allowed tolive on the Israeli side. The mistake has yet to be rectified and following the general closure of theWest Bank in 1993, the problems of An Nu’man only got worse.Throughout the 1990s no permits were granted to build in the village and those who did buildwere promptly issued with demolition orders or forced to pay fines. In 1996 the children of AnNu’man were forced to leave the school in Umm Tuba, a village north of them, as they did nothave the Jerusalem residency and so were not entitled to use the municipality’s school system.The road link to the nearest city, Bethlehem, was repeatedly closed for periods of 20-30 daysbetween 1998 and 2003. During this time water pipes to the village were broken by Israeli
Ta’ayush – The Silent Transfer: The case of El-Nu’man village. www.taayush.org