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capacity and trim

# capacity and trim

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03/28/2014

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Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA\$SB), Batch – XXIX

118
CHAPTER 6DETAILED CAPACITY CALCULATION ANDMASS ESTIMATION

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA\$SB), Batch – XXIX

119
6. DETAILED CAPACITY CALCULATIONS
The capacity plan is to know the cargo volumes in holds and the disposition of tanksand their position of centre of gravities. The mass of crew and effects and water ballast necessary for the design are known. Knowing the density of the variousliquids, the volume required is calculated. The hold capacity can be calculated bysubtracting the sum of the wing tank capacity and double bottom volume from thetotal under deck capacity. With the capacity determined, it is possible to calculate thestowage factor.
6.1

Final estimates of consumables, stores and cargo
Range = 3800 nmSpeed = 15.0 Knot (open water)= 5.0 Knot (Most severe Ice conditions)
Max Hours of travel, H = 760 HrsHours in port = 48 HrsNo of officers = 21No of crew = 23
Volume of heavy fuel oil (V
HFO
)
Specific fuel consumption, SFC = 182 g / KWh.(Assumed for a slow speed large bore diesel engine)Brake power, P
B
= 38250 KWMass of heavy fuel oil, M
HFO
= SFC
×
P
B

×
H / 1000000 +20%20% allowance has been taken into account.= 6449 tVolume of HFO, V
HFO
= M
HFO
/0.90 = 7154 m
3
Volume of diesel oil (V
DO
)
Auxiliary enginesType: SKU CUIN-1200N305, Model 1400 GQKANumber: 3Manufacturer: CumminsRated output: 1400 kWRated capacity: 1200 kW (1750 kVA) 60 Hz or 1166.7 kW (1458.3 kVA) 50 HzSFC 220 g /KWhP
AUX
4200KW

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA\$SB), Batch – XXIX

120
Mass of diesel oil, M
DO
= SFC
×
P
AUX

×
H/1000000= 747 tVolume of diesel oil, V
DO
= M
DO
/0.95= 786 m
3

Volume of boiler fuel oil (V
BO
)
Boiler is selected of capacity 2000KWMass of boiler oil, V
BO
= SFC
×
P
×
H/1000000SFC = 220 g /KWh= 355 tVolume of boiler oil = 355/0.95 = 373 m
3

Volume of lubricating oil (V
LO
)
Mass of lube oil, M
LO
= 0.03 (M
HFO
+ M
DO
+M
BO
)= 216.6 tVolume of lube oil = 216.6/0.9 = 241 m
3

Volume of fresh water, (V
FW
)
Consumption of fresh water = 20 litres / person / dayMass of fresh water, M
FW
= 29.6 tVolume of fresh water, V
FW
= 29.6 m
3

Volume of washing water (V
WW
)
Consumption 120 liters /person/ day for officers60 liters /person/ day for crewMass of washing water, M
WW
= 131.3 tVolume of washing water, V
WW
= 131.3 m
3
6.2.1 Capacity Calculation with allocation of Spaces
The capacities of tanks/compartments are determined using the computer software AutoCAD 2007
.
Offset. The values are found by creating different regions,and the “mass prop” command. Tables 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4 indicate the mouldedcapacities (exclusive of camber volume) of respective tanks/compartments along withtheir location and centres of gravity. In all the above tables LCG is measured fromAP, VCG from base line and TCG from the centre line