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Pennington County Courant, December 8, 2011

Pennington County Courant, December 8, 2011

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An official newspaper of Pennington County, Wall, Quinn and Wasta, South Dakota
Number 49Volume 106December 8, 2011$1.00 per copy(tax included)
China trip 2011
 Day nine of the Wall Eaglestrip to China comes from Alyssa Ermish. The groupspent 13 days traveling inChina and the surrounding areas. They landed in China on March 22, 2011 and left on April 3, 2011.
March 30, 2011 Ermish writes:Well, I’m going to go ahead andapologize for the length and myhandwriting in this passage.Got up and had some quickbreakfast. We were all relieved wedidn’t have to get up super earlyagain. Breakfast wasn’t bad.Super busy though. Elevators arepacked just like in Beijing. Takessome patience.Left the hotel right away for theJade Buddha temple. Arrived inthe middle of a funeral. Felt a lit-tle sorry and awkward for takingpictures. The family had theMonks help in the funeral. Therewas singing and chanting, as wellas burning of paper money. This isdone because the Buddhists be-lieve this money will reach thepassed person in the afterlife.They will also burn incense andlotus candles. The lotus candlesrepresent prosperity. We alsolearned that people tie red ribbonswith wishes on them to trees andstatues around the temple. If thewish comes true, they come backto the temple to pray. The Bud-dhist flag is in a rainbow arrange-ment. Because of this, people willwear different colored sashes dur-ing the ceremony to representBuddhism.Overall a very beautiful tranquilplace. The Jade Buddha werebeautifully made.
Ted Schultz with CETEC Engineering reports that the 12” water main and new water serices and fire lines are complete andactie along Main Street. Main Street traffic will be reopenedwhile work continues on the 5th Aenue east water main. Con-crete crews hae finished the west side of the 6th Aenue inter-section and will begin concrete work on the east side. Crewswill shut down for the winter once the 5th Aenue water main iscomplete and cold weather stops concrete placement.
~Photo Laurie Hindman
 After the temple we visited the Yu Yuan garden. Amazing place,so beautiful. It was built by a manwith money made from the blackmarket for his parents. Unfortu-nately they died before it wascompleted, so he opened it up tothe public.Lovely architecture and gardenwork. If I had the money, I woulddo it in a heartbeat. Ah, the plants in there areamazing. Plum blossoms andother trees are in bloom rightnow, so it’s fragrant and lovely. Ithad its own small pond withbridges and Koi fish. Really wishwe could take some Koi back. After a good walk through thegarden, we got about a good hourand half of free time in the nearbymarket. Very cute, fun place. Lotsof little booths and stores. Every-one got some great souvenirs. Mydad and I got some chopsticks forrelatives and a keychain, as wellas a wooden flute from a very nicevendor. Not pushy at all. He had awhole assortment of wooden in-struments including a wood clar-inet and saxophone. Also enjoyedsome Chinese starbucks. Very de-licious.Tyler didn’t have the sameamount of fun for a while. Hewent and bought what he as-sumes to be real “Beats” head-phones, but were fake and broken.Luckily he got it all back exceptfor $20. Almost forgot!! Before the gar-den, we went to Nanjing road. Soamazing! Walked around withdad, Bruce and Kathy. Found theholy grail right away. McDonald's.Had the best cheeseburger andfries of my life!Not long and the rest of thegroup found it too, enjoyed a greatmeal! After that, discovered theNike store and another awesomesport store. Found the rest of thecrew and grabbed some quickHaagen Daaz. Now had HaagenDaaz in two countries. Japan andChina!The rest of the girls all went toclothing stores and the guys most-ly walked around. Very impres-sive place. Comparable to timesquare. After Nanjing and the market,we hit the black market. Everyonehad an awesome time!! Never hadso much fun shopping before! Def-initely the way to shop. Everyoneloved bargaining especially theboys. Kaden, Taran and Lane areall pros at it.Had so much fun! We all gotamazing things we normallycouldn’t afford to buy. Almostbought some Uggs, but decidedagainst it. Kinda regret it... Ithink almost all of us bought fakesunglasses though.Finished shopping and went tohave a good supper. Food wasgreat. Still trying new things allthe time. After supper, we stopped at theBurd to take pictures and walkaround. Very beautiful and amaz-ing. Also stopped again on Nan- jing road at night. So beautiful!Finally got back to the hotel. Wewere all exhausted! Glad to haveended the day. Sad that this wasour last day with Jacky.Oh well. I’m interested to seewhat Hong Kong will be like. Alyssa
Main street update
The Country Cupboard FoodPantry (CCFP) convened Monday,November 21st for the regularlyscheduled monthly meeting.Carol Hoffman, President,presided over the meeting.The CCFP and area churcheswere able to provide 43 HolidayBaskets to clients and those inneed. The Baskets included achicken or turkey, potatoes, rolls,gravy, vegetable and pie in thatwere distributed in anticipation of the Thanksgiving Holiday. Theclients and the volunteers thankeveryone for their generous dona-tions of money, food and time tocreate the Holiday Food Basketsfor their friends, neighbors,strangers and possibly family.Helen Crawford reported that640 pounds of food were dispersedand 108 pounds was received indonations for October. For No-vember to date there is 790pounds dispersed and 263 poundsof food donated. This increase indistribution was anticipated formany clients when they were laidoff from work.There are several food drivesplanned; November 23rd theLutheran Women Phoebes, De-cember 3 is the bag drop off forGirl Scout blue bags door to doordrive, December 3rd Gail Eisen-braun is hosting an open house,December 10th the Wall ChamberPancake supper at Wall Drug andthe Wall School is doing food driveby all the classes during Decem-ber.These food drives are critical inmeeting the needs of our areaserved. In January the CCFP willbe able to summarize the receipt
Food Pantry anticipatessuccessful food drives
and distribution of food for 2011.This will be used to focus fooddrives and budgeting for 2012.Right now volunteers are gath-ering and assembling items forthe Christmas Bags. These willhave a different focus than theHoliday Baskets. They will in-clude personal hygiene items inaddition to cookie mix and paperproducts if available.The Backpack Program has metits financial match to The GreaterWall Foundation grant. Financialdonors can specify if they wantthe financial donation to go to theCCFP fund or the Backpack Pro-gram. The CCFP fund uses dona-tions to purchase food from thefood bank in Rapid City and otherincidental costs to operate thePantry.Commodity deliveries havedropped severely due to limits infederal funding. This is affectingfood pantries nationwide. TheCCFP is affected by using morefunds towards the purchase of food from the Food Bank in RapidCity to supplement the food drivesand individual donations.Winter hours are posted on thedoor and in the post offices. Thehours are every Wednesday 1-4and the third Saturday 9-11. If you have questions about theCCFP or would like to make a do-nation please contact Carol Hoff-man of Wall or Mike and MarciaWest of Philip.Next Board meeting is Decem-ber 19th at 6:00, Monday at theFood Pantry.The Country Cupboard is anequal opportunity provider.
Sioux Falls Argus Leader Elite 45 team.
Wall Eagleshead football Coach Dennis Rieckman reports the Sioux Falls ArgusLeader has been picking the Elite 45 since the early 1980's. The top45 players and honorable mention squads are named on Thanksgiv-ing Day. The players are selected by the Argus Leader staff from alist of players nominated by their coaches. As coaches we are askedto forward any names from our own team and list five players fromopposing teams we felt were worthy of selection. The 45 and honor-able mention are chosen from all classes of football, which makesthe squad more prestigious then being named to an All State team.This is an honor for Chavis Shull and Jess Williams (HonorableMention) to be named to the squad and an honor for the footballteam and Wall to have two players named. It is difficult for smallschool players to be named to the Elite 45.
Shull and Williamsnamed to “Elite 45team”
Sioux Falls Argus Leader Elite 45 football team players fromWall. Jess Williams who receied Honorable mention andChais Shull who was named to the team.
~Photo Laurie Hindman
Holiday times bring festivities,parties and cheer. Cheer can comein many forms but when the cheerbecomes to many glasses of wine,cocktails or beer the consequencescan be a Drinking Under Influence(DUI) or a Driving While Intoxi-catd (DWI).“The State of South Dakota willissue a ticket if you drive with ablood alcohol concentration (BAC)of 0.08 percent or higher, regard-less of whether your driving abili-ty was actually impaired.”(http://www.nolo.com/legal-ency-clopedia/south-dakota-dui-dwi) According to http://dui-help.com/drunk-driving/: “In orderto consume roughly an ounce of ab-solute alcohol, someone wouldhave to drink two 12 ounce cans of beer, or one 8-ounce glass of wine,or a mixed drink containing abouttwo and one half ounces of Scotchor gin. According to the equivalencyrule, which states that the effectsof alcohol are determined princi-pally by the volume of pure alcoholthat is drunk, rather than the typeof drink itself, these drinks wouldbe roughly equal in strength andwould have approximately thesame effects on one’s body.We often talk about alcohol andits effects without truly under-standing how alcohol works andwhere it gets its potency. Alcohol, when it enters the body,is translated into what pharmacol-ogists call blood alcohol concentra-tion (BAC), or blood alcohol level(BAL). This corresponds fairlyclosely to the percent of one’s bloodthat is made up of alcohol after itis ingested; a given BAC or BALlevel has been described as‘bathing the brain’ in a given alco-hol concentration.There is a relationship betweenblood alcohol concentration andwhat we do under the influence.The effects of alcohol are, to alarge degree, dose-related: withsome variation, the more that isdrunk, the greater the effect.The effects of alcohol are influ-enced by many factors. Some of them are directly physiological.Since alcohol registers its impactvia the bloodstream, the SIZE of the drinker influences blood - alco-hol concentration; the presence of food and water in the stomach; the
Consequences of drinking and driing
speed at which one drinks; thepresence of carbonation in an alco-holic beverage; and lastly, sex orgender. (Women, apparently, aremore sensitive to the effects of al-cohol, and manifest effects atlower doses, or greater effects atthe same dosage, than is true of men.)”Pennington County DeputyDallas Kendrick who has been inthe Wall area for the past threeyears said bigger people can drinkmore because they have morebody mass. He also noted that thebody metalizies alcohol at the rateof 0.15 percent an hour and car-boyhdrates help absord alcohol.Kendrick also said the people whoblow a 0.08 percent didn’t even re-alize that they were near it. If youhave three to four drinks in anhour you will be around 0.08 per-cent.Now that we have somewhat of an understanding of what alcoholconsumption has on the body; howdoes this affect driving? “In sin-gle-vehicle crashes, the relativerisk of a driver with BAC between.08 and .10 is at least 11 timesgreater than for drivers with aBAC of zero, and 52 times greaterfor young males.Further, many studies haveshown that even small amounts of alcohol can impair a person’s abil-ity to drive” as cited fromhttp://www.stopimpaireddriving.org/ABCsBACWeb/page2.htm.Typical effects of someone with.02 percent BAC level are:• Some loss of judgment• Relaxation• Slight body warmth• Altered mood.Predictable effects on Drivingwith a .02 percent BAC level are:•Decline in visual functions(rapid tracking of a moving tar-get)•Decline in ability to performtwo tasks at the same time (divid-ed attention).The more a person consumesthe typical and predictable effectsbecome more extreme and serious.For someone with a 0.08 percentBAC level the typical effect is:•Muscle coordination becomespoor (e.g., balance, speech, vision,reaction time, and hearing)•Harder to detect danger•Judgment, self-control, rea-soning, and memory are impaired.The predictable effects on drivingare:•Concentration•Short-term memory loss•Speed control•Reduced information process-ing capability (e.g., signal detec-tion, visual search)•Impaired perception. And with a .15 percent BAClevel the typical effects are•Far less muscle control thannormal•Vomiting may occur (unlessthis level is reached slowly or aperson has developed a tolerancefor alcohol).Predictable effects on driving are:•Substantial impairment in ve-hicle control, attention to drivingtask, and in necessary visual andauditory information process.South Dakota DUI fines andpenalties carry for a first drunkdriving conviction:•Jail- up to one year possible, li-cense suspension – from 30 daysto one year, fine - $1000 and pos-sibly a restricted license. If youhave your license suspended inthe State of South Dakota for aDUI / DWI offense you will be re-quired to prove financial responsi-bility and present an SR22 Insur-ance filing for (3) three years fromthe conviction date of your case. An SR22 filing is also required forother convictions such as no in-surance, reckless driving and ve-hicular homicide. A second drunk driving convic-tion is:•Possible jail time – up to one-year. License suspension from 180days to one year and a $1000 fine. A possible restricted license, com-
(continued on page 2)
Area News
PenningtonCounty Courant
Don Ravellette
General Manager of Operations:
Kelly Penticoff 
Office Manager/Graphics:
Ann Clark
Staff Writer:Laurie Hindman
Subscription Rates:
In PenningtonCountyand those having Kadoka,Belvidere, Cottonwood, Elm Springs, Inte-rior, Philip, Midland, Milesville, and Cedar Pass addresses:
$35.00 per year;
PLUSapplicable sales tax. In-State:
$42.00 per year 
; PLUS applicable sales tax. Out-of-State:
$42.00 per year.
Periodicals Postage Paid at Wall, SD.
Postmaster Send change of address notices to:Pennington Co. CourantPO Box 435Wall, SD 57790-0435.
Established in 1906. The PenningtonCo. Courant, an official newspaper of Pen-nington County, the towns of Wall, Quinnand Wasta, and the school district in Wall,SD, is published weekly by RavellettePublications, Inc. The Pennington CountyCourant office is located on the corner of 4th Ave. and Norris St. in Wall, SD.
Telephone: (605)279-2565FAX: (605)279-2965E-mail Address: courant@gwtc.netCopyrighted 1982:
Ravellette Publica-tions, Inc. All rights reserved. Nothing maybe reprinted, photocopied, or in any wayreproduced from this publication, in wholeor in part, without the written consent of the publisher.
Soth Dakota Newspaper Association
U.S.P.S 425-720
Pennington County Courant • December 8, 2011 •
Page 2
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By Kathy PetersenSocial Secrity Pblic AffairsSpecialist in Rapid CityQestion:
My brother had anaccident at work last year and isnow receiving Social Security dis-ability benefits. His wife and sonalso receive benefits. Before hisaccident, he helped support an-other daughter by a woman henever married. Is the second childentitled to benefits?
The child may qualifyfor Social Security benefits eventhough your brother was not mar-ried to the second child's mother.The child’s caretaker should filean application on her behalf. Formore information, visit us onlineat www.socialsecurity.gov.
Our daughter, whohad two young children, passedaway two years ago. Her husbandis planning to remarry and his fi-ancé wants to adopt the childrenafter the marriage. Will the chil-dren lose the Social Security sur-vivor's benefits that they current-ly receive?
No. The adoption of achild already entitled to survivor'sbenefits does not terminate thechild's benefits.
What does it meanwhen I see a green address bar onSocial Security's website when Iam asked to enter personal infor-mation?
The green address barat the top of your screen indicatesthe website has an extended vali-dation certificate. This means theinformation you provide to SocialSecurity will be encrypted andthe owner of the website has beenverified by a certification authori-ty.Extended validation certifi-cates, and their green address barindicators, provide assurance thewebsite you are using is legiti-mate and safe, and not a phishing- or fake - site used to trick youinto revealing personal informa-tion.We recently added extendedvalidation certificates to our se-cure websites that ask you toenter personal information. Youshould check for the green ad-dress bar and verify the websiteowner is Social Security beforeyou enter any personal informa-tion.
I’ve forgotten mypassword to use online Social Se-curity services. Can I get a newone?
If you have lost or for-gotten your password, you willneed to start the process for get-ting a new password. For securityreasons, password access to yourpersonal information will be tem-porarily blocked until you havecreated another permanent pass-word. Establishing a password in-volves three steps. You can dothis on the Internet:
Step 1:
To create a permanentpassword, you need a PasswordRequest Code (PRC). Apply for aTemporary Password RequestCode (PRC) athttps://secure.ssa.gov/acu/IPS_INTR/main.jsp
Step 2:
Wait at least 15 daysfor your PRC letter to come in themail.
Step 3:
Create your perma-nent password using the direc-tions in your PRC letter.Or you can do this by telephone:
Call us at 1-800-772-1213(TTY 1-800-325-0778).
Listen carefully to the menuchoices and follow the instruc-tions.
Social Security News
 Yor Qestions, Social Secrity’s Answers
The Game, Fish and Parks De-partment has opened the applica-tion process for the 2012 SouthDakota Mountain Lion huntingseason.The season is open statewidefrom Jan.1 through March 31, orclosed when a harvest limit of 70total mountain lions or 50 femalemountain lions is reached. Applications may be submittedany time through the end of theseason.However, there are applicationdeadlines for a limited number of Free Access Permits allowingmountain lion hunting in CusterState Park. There will be six dif-ferent intervals for hunting insidethe park, with six different appli-cation deadlines:•Application deadline – Dec. 6for hunting interval Jan. 1-15•Application deadline – Dec. 20for hunting interval Jan. 16-30•Application deadline – Jan. 8
Mountain Lion hunting licenseapplications available
for hunting interval Jan. 31-Feb.14•Application deadline – Jan. 22for hunting interval Feb. 15-29•Application deadline – Feb. 8for hunting interval Mar. 1-15•Application deadline – Feb. 22for hunting interval Mar. 16-31Hunters are allowed one licensefor the mountain lion season. All permit holders are requiredto maintain daily contact byphone or website to ensure thatthe season is still in progress andhas not been closed if the limit isreached. That information will beupdated as each mountain lion isharvested and can be accessed bycalling 1-866-895-9067, or by vis-iting the GFP websitehttp://gfp.sd.gov/.The phone number was incor-rectly listed on the back page of the printed application form, butis listed correctly with the infor-mation inside the form.plete chemical dependency pro-gram and proof of insurance.Third offense carries:•Class 6 felony, jail – up to twoyear and a $2000 fine. Licensesuspension for one year or re-stricted license and proof of insur-ance.(http://dui.drivinglaws.org/sdako-ta.php)For continued drunk driving of-fenses the penalties rise. SouthDakota Codified Law 32-23-4,6states: “Punishment for fourth of-fense-Revocation of driving privi-lege-Jail sentence for drivingwhile privilege revoked –Limiteddriving privilege for certain pur-poses. If conviction for a violationof §32-23-1 is for a fourth offense,the person is guilty of a Class 5felon, and the court, in pronounc-ing sentence, shall order that thedrivers license of any person soconvicted be revoked for a periodof not less that two years from thedate sentence is imposed or twoyears from the date of initial re-lease from imprisonment,whichever is later. In the eventthe person is returned to impris-onment prior to the completion of the period of driver’s license revo-cation, time spent imprisoneddoes not count toward fulfillingthe period of revocation. If theperson is convicted of drivingwithout a license during that peri-od, the person shall be sentencedto the county jail for not less thantwenty days, which sentence maynot be suspended. Notwithstand-ing §23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the condi-tions of the license revocation forthe term of such revocation. Uponthe successful completion of acourt-approved chemical depend-ency counseling program, andproof of financial responsibilitypursuant to § 32-35-113, the courtmay permit the person to operatea vehicle for the purposes of em-ployment, 24/7 sobriety testing,attendance at school, or atten-dance at counseling programs.”For each count thereafter theFelony becomes higher and thepunishment more severe.During the month of Decemberthe South Dakota Highway Patrolhas sobriety checkpoints sched-uled in the following counties:Beadle, Brown, Charles Mix,Clay, Codington, Edmunds,Grant, Hughes, Lake, Lawrence,Lincoln, Meade, Mellette, Pen-nington, Spink, Stanley, Trippand Yankton. For sobriety check-point text message alerts, visitactcivilized.com.So while chugging a glass of cheer remember the consequencesof driving and drinking will bringif you are caught behind the wheelduring this holiday season.
Consequences of drinkingand driing
Billy Shull who seres in the army has since then been promot-ed to Corporal and has recently passed the board for the Ser-geant rank. Congratulations to Cpl. Shull and thank you for your serice.
~Courtesy Photo
Priate First Class Patrick O. Shull proudly sered with the 09-10 1st Battalion (air assault), 377th Field Artillery Regiment.Shull receied seeral medals of honor for his serice and com-mitment to Operation Iraqi Freedom. He has since been pro-moted to Corporal Shull and has recently been deployed for hissecond tour oerseas and is currently in Afghanistan. Goodluck to Cpl. Shull, remain safe and thank you for your serice.
~Courtesy Photo
Shull brothers proudlysere our country
Need a gift idea for that hard-to-buy someone? How about a gift that keeps on giing all year? Asubscription to the
Pennington County Courant.
Call to start your subscription gift! (605) 279-2565
The holiday season is in fullswing and the stores are packed.But don't let the holiday shoppingrush force you to overspend.This year, smart shoppers aretaking advantage of free mobileapps so they can establish holidaybudgets and keep track of theirspending on-the-go.For instance, Mint.com’s mobileapplications (available for iPhone,
Keeping holiday spendingin check
 Android and iPad) enable shop-pers to establish a holiday budgetand stick to it. With charts indi-cating how much you have left tospend, and email and SMS alertsinforming you when you’re near-ing your limit, this app helpsshoppers hang on to their greenthis jolly season.So get out there and shopsmart. Attorney General Marty Jackleyannounced that the 14th AnnualPie Day will be held on Saturday,December 10th from 11:00 a.m. to3:00 p.m. at the Capitol building inPierre.The event will include free pie,cookies, coffee and ice cream. This
State Capitol will hold“Annual Pie Day” in Pierre
event is free and the public is en-couraged to stop by the Capitoland enjoy. Area talent will pro-vide entertainment throughoutthe day.If you have any questions re-garding this event please contactSara Rabern at 605-773-3215.
Call us for yourprinting needs!
Local: $35
plus tax
plus tax
Area & School News
Pennington County Courant • December 8, 2011•
Page 3
Need a gift idea for that hard-to-buy someone?
How about a gift that keeps on giving all year?A subscription to the
Pennington County Courant.
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December 9-10-11-12:
Twilight: Breaking Dawn
Fri: 8:00 p.m. Sat: 8:00 p.m.Sun: 1:30 p.m.Mon: 7:00 p.m.
December 16-17-18-19:Arthur Christmas (PG)
December 16th:
1/2 Price Movie Night 
sponsored by Modern Woodmen
December 23-24-25-26:Happy Feet Two (PG)Christmas Eve Matinee: 1:30 p.m.Christmas Day: 7:00 p.m.December 30-31, Jan. 1-2:Jack & Jill (PG)
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Christine Womack is the Wall Middle School student of themonth for Noember 2011. Christine is in 7th grade and is agreat student. She exceeds class requirements and follows allclass rules. Christine has ery strong moral character. She is aery kind and honest young lady. Christine participates in bas-ketball. She is the daughter of Timothy Womack and TamaraThorson. Kent Jordan from First Interstate Bank presentedChristine with a First Interstate Bank sweatshirt and bag. Con-gratulations Christine!
~Photo Laurie Hindman
Wall Middle SchoolStudent of the Month
GFP encourages huntersto register for winter depredation hunts
 As winter approaches in SouthDakota, the Game, Fish andParks Department remindshunters of unique opportunitiesthat may exist later this winter toreduce problem-causing wildlife.GFP has an active WildlifeDamage Management Programthat assists landowners withdepredation-abatement tech-niques. However, when othermethods are not effective, GFPmay use willing hunters to helpeliminate wildlife that cause prob-lems for farmers and ranchers.“Winter depredation hunts area valuable tool that GFP may useto alleviate wildlife damage tolandowners’ stored-feed supplies,”said Keith Fisk, Wildlife DamageProgram administrator. “SouthDakota residents may register forpotential depredation hunts fordeer, antelope and turkey, start-ing Dec. 1, 2011.”Hunters can register for depre-dation hunts athttp://gfp.sd.gov/hunting/depreda-tion-hunts.aspx .Fisk encourages hunters to reg-ister for counties in their areas.“Depredation hunts are oftentime-sensitive, and winter weath-er can sometimes make travel dif-ficult for participating hunters,”Fisk said. “For a successful hunt,GFP needs participating huntersto be available at hunt locationsalmost immediately. Consequent-ly, I advise hunters to choose loca-tions that are close to home orwithin close driving distances.”Winter depredation hunts focuson assisting landowners withproblem wildlife, but they alsoprovide hunters with additionalhunting opportunities after hunt-ing seasons are closed.For more information, pleasevisit the GFP website or contactGFP at 605-223-7660.
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 
By Richard P. Holm MD
For quite a few years, “we thepeople” of the US have struggledwith how to provide and pay forhealth care. There is an interest-ing history that got us here.In this country, during WorldWar II, the Federal Governmentforced a wage control, therebybringing companies to competefor the smaller workforce by giv-ing employee health insurancebenefits as an alternative to ahigher salary. This health insur-ance trend was enhanced in 1954by a tax break on businesses thatgave employee health insurance.Thus, over the years, after thewar, we became a country whereabout 75% of health care was paidfor by employer-based health in-surance.But that left the elderly and un-employed without health insur-ance, and the nation starting ar-guing about how to fill the gap forthese people. In 1965 presidentLyndon Johnson pushed throughCongress two new programs topay for health care calledMedicare and Medicaid. Somethought then that our problemswere solved and everyone wascovered.However this evolving system,which is unique to us, differentfrom all the countries of theworld, has resulted in two hugeproblems: first, by 2008 morethan 46 million people were notcovered, since insurance compa-nies had to compete by not insur-ing and avoiding high risk and ex-pensive patients. Second, because“the more you do, the more youmake” has driven our whole sys-tem of health care, therefore moreservices were provided, whichdrastically grew hospitals, sub-specialist physicians, procedures,pharmaceuticals, and advancingtechnology. Some of this is good,but it is very expensive.On top of this, our legal tort/lia-bility system has almost encour-aged patients to threatened hos-pitals and physicians with law-suit for any bad result, whetherthere was bad practice or not. Theconsequence has been a culture of health care, which is driven toprescribe the highest level of tech-nology available. And thus we have the most ex-pensive system in the world. Infact we are twice as expensive asthe world’s top 15 most costlyhealth care systems.President Obama’s effort withthe ACA, also lovingly called Oba-macare, is a huge step towardproviding insurance coverage formore people, but much more willbe needed to control costs.What should the politicians inWashington do next?Dr. Rick Holm wrote this edito-rial for “On Call®,” a weekly pro-gram where medical professionalsdiscuss health concerns for thegeneral public. “On Call®” isproduced by the Healing WordsFoundation in association withthe South Dakota State Universi-ty Journalism Department. “OnCall®” airs Thursdays on SouthDakota Public Broadcasting-Tele-vision at 7 p.m. Central, 6 p.m.Mountain.
How did we get into this mess?
The building that houses SouthDakota government should beconstructed of stone from SouthDakota.So believed some South Dakotaresidents.The commission overseeing theconstruction of South Dakota’sCapitol had set up a low-bidprocess that gave no advantage toin-state bidders or materials. Onthe day bids were scheduled to beopened in 1906, the South DakotaSupreme Court halted proceed-ings. A complaint had been re-ceived from Sioux Falls Board of Trade, acting in support of localquartzite quarries.The state Supreme Court didrule in favor of the commission.The commission decided, though,that new legislation was needed toprevent future incidents. The1907 Legislature passed a bill pro-viding that all materials to beused in the construction of thecapitol “shall be procured in thestate of South Dakota … at a costnot exceeding five per cent morethan the lowest amount for whichmaterial equally good could beprocured elsewhere.”General contractor O.H. Olsenwas unable to procure the Siouxquartzite stone from East SiouxFalls that he had planned to usefor the exterior of the first floor.The base of the Capitol is Or-tonville granite from Minnesota.The first-floor exterior walls are of Marquette Raindrop sandstonefrom Michigan, and the second-and third-floor exterior walls andthe lower rotunda are of Bedfordlimestone from Indiana.The only South Dakota stoneused in the capitol would be thefield boulders used in the founda-tion.This moment in South Dakotahistory is provided by the SouthDakota Heritage Fund, the non-profit fundraising partner of theSouth Dakota State Historical So-ciety. Find us on the web atwww.sdheritagefund.org.
S.D. Capitol construction
Charles Pickett grading crew of 14 indiiduals with three setsof graders pulled by horses in front of South Dakota Capitol,circa 1910.
~Photo South Dakota State Historical Society – Archives
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Junior High Lady Eagles are basketball conference champions.Pictured back row from left to right: Assistant Coach StacyStewart, Elle Moon, Saana Johnston, Christine Womack, Jes-sica Casjens, Katy Bielmaier, and Head Coach Niki Mohr. Frontrow from left to right: Autumn Deering, Josie Blasius, and Mon-ica Bielmaier.
~Courtesy Photo
Junior high girls' basketballconference champions

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