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Çiftelia and Buzuku - English version

Çiftelia and Buzuku - English version

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Published by kengetar
The orygin of names of some musical instruments originated by old Albanian language
The orygin of names of some musical instruments originated by old Albanian language

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Published by: kengetar on Dec 08, 2011
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Çiftelia and BuzukuFrom: Enriko CekoÇiftelia is one of musical instruments to which the Albanians identified their heritage and traditional culture. It is one of the ancient musical instruments in theworld from whom are descended some of the other musical instruments withstrings. The name "Çifteli" which explained through the Albanian language showsthat we are dealing with an instrument with two cords – “çift tel”. But “Çifteli”name began to be used only when technology made possible the manufacture of metal string, because another old name of this musical instrument is "duter" and /or "dutar", which again explained only by the old Albanian language, whichmeans "two-spun", used the word "spun" because the chords of ancient musicalinstruments were made with spun hair (knitted) of animals.Except çifteli, in Balkan region are well known other cordial musical instruments,among which an instrument called "Buzuku", which is identified as a part of traditional Greek culture. In fact, all researchers of stringed musical instrumentshave recognized that the Buzuku musical instruments is a later modification of "tamburja". But “tamburja” is widely accepted in academic terms a three-stringedmusical instrument as a modification of early dutar (çifteli), adding that a wire,while Buzuku, which has been created many centuries after tamburja, in itsbeginnings as a musical instrument has been with three strings, later couplethree strings, while a couple cords were placed later between Century 18, tocreate a stronger voice and not with the intention to create another instrument.Buzuk indeed, as we know it today with eight wires (four pairs of cord), wascreated as a variant only between 1958 to 1960 and that because Greek musicof those years wanted to have a traditional basis to proceed further with modernmusic, accepted this fact without any hesitation by Greek academics themselves.Even tamburja, from which buzuk has been originated, is a musical instrument asçifteli that have been created by Albaina ancestors. Tamburja means "to be keptby men" or "to boast" (which are old words of Albanian language) and indeed theancient musical tamburaja was a male, mostly fighters instrument, who used tosing with tamburja to boast the bravery shown in combat and to be proud toremember the dead in battle. This is as true as in almost all ancient decorations,sculptures, old paintings throughout the Balkans, especially in those of ages 9Century to 3 century BC, male warriors are presented with three-stringedtamburja in hand, in contrast to the decorations of Balkan women, which in thesculptures and old paintings of this period are presented with a different musicalinstrument called "pandora", that women used to keep in a decorated box,(Pandora’s Box – kutia e pandorës) because apparently there was one gift thatfathers of daughters gifted in cases of marital union ceremonies or after girlsarrived an certain age.Meaning of “Pandora” word is "see in the hand", outside the box, from Albanianlanguage, (“e shikoj në dorë – jashtë kutisë”) and, apparently has to do withwomen who hold this instrument in hand and play in it, to be seen in public asinteresting and attractive, which probably was as a rule or custom of the societyof that time to be held by women during various ceremonies, in public, or whenthe home had visitors. Tamburja with a strong voice was more burdensome than
the pandora, which has a sweet and soft voice, which clearly shows thedifference of these instruments, and the role of the women in society, determinedat that time.Musical instruments with more strings, which today we know with the label "harp"in the archaic label called "qafi-Harp" and relates to the Albanian words "neck"and "arc" because the original version of this musical instrument depended onthe neck and harp The first was actually bow hunters, who later saw that bowhunting may also create sound, arc also held that when walking in the neck. Harpis also known as "Lyra" (free, freedom, which is related to the name of Albanianancestors too - “illyrinas”, which used to play as well in lyra), which comes fromthe star, that today is determined by Western astronomers named Vega, a star which about 14,000 years before was the North Pole, but because of the spatialchanges of the past millennia this star does not show the north today.Albanian ancestors have known this star because they have seen it with thenaked eye, since it is one of the five brighter stars in the sky, that can bee seenclear enough in good weather before night fall and early in the morning, a star which used to make orientation in time and space to those on earth for a verylong time until the discovery of the compass. Albanian ancestors (pellazgs) havecalled this star with two names, "neservaki" and "Lyra". Neservaki means"tomorrow something is happening" or "he will be leaving tomorrow." This data isrecorded on the old Persian and Arabic books, where the star named"alneservaki" and defined as the star that lead the convoy of travelers.Mitologjikisht, ancient peoples of the Balkans (which are generated by pellazgs –Albanian ancestors) presented the star with the appearance of an eagle holdingthe lyre musical tool on its own feet above the earth looking below to the people,because when “meneadat” (daughters of Dionis – god of wineyards) killedOrpheus, the lyra fell into the river and Zeus sent an eagle to keep it, to set it inthe sky at precisely at the star Vega, in order that our ancestors to see the lyreagain and the star to be able to orientate again Albanian ancestors. As well asthe eagle of Zeus the bird with two heads is the symbol of Albanians too(Albanian flag).Lira is also known as musical instruments of David and King Arthur, both peoplewho, according to legend, they have had also very good skills in outdoor orientation. By the Romans this musical instrument has been known as the"tympanum", by the Persians as "zuraja" and Arabs as "asana", explained by theold Albanian word "hold your view on", "voice" and "flay "(the sign)." Thus, thestory of signs that something will happen, change the place of stars around theearth and the fall and rise of the lira and the star in the sky by Zeus, the god of gods, is one of the most important Balkan legends, which again can be explainedonly by the old Albanian language, because Zeus in old Albanian menas "your sound is like mine”, or "I have made you as myself” which must be connectedeasily to all religious beliefs precisely with the moment when God created Adamand then Eve. Zeus did Adam as his own image and sound, because “the firstwas the word”, in comparison with other living things that had not any articulationability. When The God took Adam's rib from the body to create Eve, he askedhim "a t'dhamb" (?) and / or "a t'dhemb" (?), from which comes the name of the
first man on earth, the name of Adam or Adam (a t’ dhamb / a t’dhemb – did Iheard you? It hearts you? – when the rib was taken). The name Eva comes from"e vuri aty – He put her there) according to the old Albanian language words,which describes exactly the religious teachings of all religions with the momentwhen Adam was asleep and The God put Eva near by him.To return back to our argument of the lira, “meneada” name, which wasdedicated to Dionysus daughters, the explanation is only through the oldAlbanian language, because them murdered Orpheus, and after that pellazgs –Albanian ancestors broke relations with Dionysius, and used not to pray on himas they did before (to have more agricultural and livestock products), and thusthe name of Dionysius’ daughters can be explained, "with us are / is divided" – inAlbanian “me ne a da” , words which are fundamental to Albanian language"nothing to do any more with us" because meneadat killed Orpheus, Even intoday's language of Bulgarians and Macedonian meneadat are been known as"mimalona" that ultimately explained by the old Albanian language "mbi malettona” – “above our mountains," because according to mythology meneadat or mimalonat used to stay in mountains in a territory which today is betweenMacedonia and East of Albania, in Balkan peaks, far from people's eyes, to maketheir lives it up, that is why they killed Orpheus, who confessed with his songslives of free but ordinary people, he confessed the history of the world and the lifeof normal people and not lack of reason and lack of purpose of life loss, ways inwhich meneadat or mamilonat used to live (Orpheus, in Albanian is "Orfe","orëfe", and can be explained only by old Albanian language which in Englishmeans "I will tell", "I will confes"). The name Dionysius himself can be explainedby the Albanian language "dy enë njësoj" or "two pots alike", which shows largeamount of production that will deal in vintage season, but there is also an oldlegend of Albanian ancestors, that of two brothers who do the same jobsimultaneously, when it came time for subsistence farming, harvestingproduction, rain, etc., that "both equally", a very first legend to be told generationafter generation to young people that they have to learn how to use carefully thetime and seasons of the year to have as much luck.Among the first musical instruments has been one called lahuta, a cordialmusical instrument with two parts, one is a cup with tail held vertically and hasonly a string made of hair of wild animals and the other is an arch with a stringheld horizontally, then two chords of which used to touch with each other createsounds. The old name of this musical instrument is "prays" – “lutje” in Albanianlanguage, which has to do with the fact that people helpless in the face of variousoccurrences of everyday life and pray accompanied with this musical instrument(which for this reason is named prays - lute), to have a closer contact with God,which quite prominently in the writings of antiquity in which the inhabitants of theBalkan region depicted in certain moments of praying with songs by musicalinstruments prays to have more products from the ground and more favorableseason of better living conditions. Connection is made even stronger reasons for ceremonial act of pray, when people needed to be washed and cleaned as it willappear before God to hear from him and apparently the name began to be lahutëie: " wash, God, you", - “Lahu, Huy, Ti” or "wash and purify before sing and prays

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