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Old and New Covenants, A Messianic Jew's Torah 101 Primer

Old and New Covenants, A Messianic Jew's Torah 101 Primer



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Published by jerusalemcouncil
A step by step understanding of the gospel in the Torah, the Old and New Covenants as explained by the Tanakh, what the Tanakh says about the Torah, and summary of what Paul taught and preached.
A step by step understanding of the gospel in the Torah, the Old and New Covenants as explained by the Tanakh, what the Tanakh says about the Torah, and summary of what Paul taught and preached.

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Published by: jerusalemcouncil on Oct 25, 2008
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Gen 1:1-6:8 BeResheet (In the Beginning, for the purpose of the first fruits, in the first fruits)NASB 1995 update Tishrei (7
month) 26, 5769
Where are the old and the new covenants? What does salvation look like under theold and the new covenants?
Most people think that the first covenant in the bible is the one with Noah, the second withAbraham, the third with Moses, the forth with David, and the New covenant is prophesied in Jeremiah and found in Yeshua (Jesus name prior to the Hebrew to Greek consonant reassignmentfollowed by the Greek to Modern English loose transliteration in the late 1600s. Found in the Tanakh over 100 times, meansHaShem’s salvationorsalvation.)
 Yeshua and the New Covenant
.Matt 26:26-2826 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He brokeit and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27 And when He had taken acup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is Myblood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.See also Mark14:22-25 Luke 22:17-2017 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He said, “Take this and shareit among yourselves; 18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on untilthe kingdom of God comes.” 19 And when He had taken some bread and given thanks, He brokeit and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which ispoured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.We see Yeshua identifying with the bread and wine within the Pesach Seder. (Note He says Hewill partake of it again with us in Eternity in Matt 26:29, Mark 14:25, and Luke 22:16 and 18 andin 1 Cor 5:8 we are reminded that we are to “celebrate the Feast” (the 8 days of Pesach andMatzah).) He does not say this is “a new covenant” thereby replacing the former covenant(which is a good thing as this would make Him the anti-Messiah [by the way that theology is thefoundation of the Mormon Church, and proves that Mormonism is a false theology. One onlyneeds to read the preface to the book of Mormon to see this.]) but rather this is “the newcovenant in My blood.” The new covenant already existed! Where is it? John 12:47-5047 “If anyone hears My sayings and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for Idid not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 “He who rejects Me and does notreceive My sayings, has one who judges him;
the word I spoke is what will judge him at the lastday. 49 “For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has givenMe a commandment as to what to say and what to speak. 50 “I know that
His commandment iseternal life; therefore the things I speak, I speak just as the Father has told Me.”
What is the Word?
Cf John 1:1-5,14-171 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Wordwas God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, andapart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the lifewas the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehendit…14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of theonly begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John testified about Him and cried out,saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has a higher rank than I, for Heexisted before me.’ ” 16 For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 17
Forthe Law
was given
(1325 to give, bestow, deliver, provide.) 
through Moses
grace andtruth were realized(1096 to be made or created from nothing. The Hebrew equivalent is
and is used within the creation narrative. It is the second word in Gen 1:1.)through Jesus Christ.
George Hunt, Messianic Minister 1 of 29Roots of the Messiah,www.rootsofthemessiah.com5769 07 26 BeReishitcolor code:commentary, scripture,alternate translation,definition of Heb. or Greek word, # = Strong’s number,added English word,large quote from another source.
Dt 4:1313 “So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is,the Ten Commandments;(1697 davar wordthe Hebrew word for commandment is mitzvah)and He wrote them on two tablets of stone.(Cf Ex 34:28 and Dt 10: 4) Further more, note that the10 words are but a summary of the Torah or said another way, the Torah as a whole is anexplanation of the 10 words. I.e. the 10 Words say not to steal. What is the definition of theft?Without the Torah we wouldn’t know.What is this Torah that was given, delivered through Moses and what is God’s relationship to it?Lev 26:40-4640 ‘If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in theirunfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility againstMe— 41 I also was acting with hostility against them, to bring them into the land of theirenemies—or if their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled so that they then make amendsfor their iniquity, 42 then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember alsoMy covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember theland. 43 ‘For the land will be abandoned by them, and will make up for its sabbaths while it ismade desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making amends for their iniquity,because they rejected My ordinances and their soul abhorred My statutes. 44 ‘Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, nor will I so abhor themas to destroy them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am the Lord their God. 45 ‘But Iwill remember for them the covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am the Lord.’ ” 46
These arethe statutes and ordinances and laws which the Lord established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai 
Grace and Truth.
The Hebrew word for Grace is usually translated as lovingkindness. Thephrase Grace and Truth appears throughout the Tanakh. I.e.Ps 119:142 142 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, And Your law(Torah)is
truth. 1 Kings 2:3-4 3 Keep the charge of the Lord your God, to walk in His ways, to keep Hisstatutes, His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies,
according to what iswritten in the Law of Moses
, that you may succeed in all that you do and wherever youturn, 4 so that the Lord may carry out His promise which He spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your sons are careful of their way, to walk before Me in
truth with all their heart and with alltheir soul, you shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’  The promise is that Yeshua will siton the throne as king for eternity for those that receive eternal life, the promise. To thedamned they face the second death, divine wrath and do not receive the promise.2 Sam 2:66 Now may the Lord show(lit. do)
lovingkindness(2617 chesed – grace – An act of chesed presupposes the existence of a relationship between the parties involved. It is centralto God’s character. It is closely tied to His covenant with his chosen people; in fact thecovenant may be thought of as the relationship from which the chesed flows. God’s chesed iseverlasting.)and
truth to you ; and I also will show this goodness to you, because you havedone this thing.2 Sam 7:28a 28 Now, O Lord God, You are God, and Your words are
truth ,  John 17:1717 “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth .Quoted from 2 Sam 7:28(Remember Yeshua identifies Himself as truth John 14:66 Jesus said to him, “I am the way,and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. As believers we receive the “Spirit of truth.” John 14:15-1715 “If you love Me, you willkeep My commandments. 16 “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper,that He may be with you forever; 17 that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannotreceive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abideswith you and will be in you.We are to worship in truth John 4:23-2423 “But an hour is coming, and now is, when the
true worshipers will worship the Father in
spirit and truth; for such people the Father
George Hunt, Messianic Minister 2 of 29Roots of the Messiah,www.rootsofthemessiah.com5769 07 26 BeReishitcolor code:commentary, scripture,alternate translation,definition of Heb. or Greek word, # = Strong’s number,added English word,large quote from another source.
seeks to be His worshipers. 24 God is spirit, and
those who worship Him mustworship in
spirit and truth.”Ps 25:10 10 All the paths of the Lord are
lovingkindness(2617 grace)and
truth To those whokeep His covenant and His testimonies.Ps 61:7 7 He will abide before God forever; Appoint
lovingkindness(2617 grace)and
truththat they may preserve him.Ps 85:7-137 Show us Your
lovingkindness, (2617 grace)O Lord, And grant us Your salvation. (3468 Yesha from 3467 Yasha which is the root to Yeshua and Y’hoshua)8 I will hear what Godthe Lord will say; For He will speak peace to His people, to His godly ones; But let them notturn back to folly. 9 Surely His salvation (3468)is near to those who fear Him, That glory may dwell in our land. 10 Lovingkindness(2617 grace)and
truth have met together ;Righteousness and peace have kissed each other. 11
 Truth springs from the earth , Andrighteousness looks down from heaven. 12 Indeed, the Lord will give what is good, And ourland will yield its produce. 13 Righteousness will go before Him And will make His footstepsinto a way.(see John 14:6 above where Yeshua says He is the way. An interesting study is tofollow Way, Truth, and Life (as in eternal life) through the Tanakh.)Ps 117:1-2 1 Praise the Lord, all nations; Laud Him, all peoples! 2 For His
lovingkindness (2617grace) is great toward us, And the truth of the Lord is everlasting . Praise the Lord!
Where is eternal life commanded?
Ps 133:1-31 Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brothers to dwell together in unity!2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, Coming down upon the beard, Even Aaron’s beard,Coming down upon the edge of his robes. 3 It is like the dew of Hermon Coming down uponthe mountains of Zion; For there the
Lord commanded the blessing—life forever .Dt 30:19-2019 “I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set beforeyou life and death, the blessing and the curse.
So choose life in order that you may live, youand your descendants, 20 by loving the Lord your God, by obeying His voice, and by holdingfast to Him;(this is what the definition of what faith is)for this is your life and the length of your days, that you may live in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham,Isaac, and Jacob, to give them.”Obviously He is not talking about life as in breathing in and out, but rather eternal life; and notdeath as in the ceasing of breathing in and out, but rather damnation. The promise was two fold:first and foremost eternal life and second length of days in the promise land here on earth.
But was eternal life through faith introduced at the time of Moses? No!
Gal 3:66 Even so
Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.Gal 3:88 The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached thegospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.”
So was faith introduced with Abraham? No!
Heb 11:1-7 and following1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval. 3 By faith we understand that theworlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things whichare visible. 4 By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtainedthe testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though heis dead, he still speaks. 5 By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; and hewas not found because God took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being takenup he was pleasing to God. 6 And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comesto God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. 7 By faith Noah,being warned by God about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousnesswhich is according to faith.…etc
George Hunt, Messianic Minister 3 of 29Roots of the Messiah,www.rootsofthemessiah.com5769 07 26 BeReishitcolor code:commentary, scripture,alternate translation,definition of Heb. or Greek word, # = Strong’s number,added English word,large quote from another source.

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