NATIONAL NURSING AUDIT MINISTRY OF HEALTH MALAYSIA
CONTINUUM OF CARE
5.15.1ADMINISTRATION OF ORAL MEDICATIONADMINISTRATION OF ORAL MEDICATION
“First, do no harm” is the ethical imperative for every patient safety effort. Inworking to reduce the frequency of medication errors, first priority must be toprevent those errors with the greatest potential for harm. The leading cause of patient harm is medication errors, which account for almost 20 percent of medical injuries.
The definition of a medication error as approved by the NationalCoordinating Council for Medication Error and Prevention is
". . .any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriatemedication use or patient harm, while the medication is in the
control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer.
Such events may berelated to professional practice, health
care products, procedures, and systems including: prescribing,
order communication, product labeling, packaging and nomenclature,
compounding, dispensing, distribution,administration, education,
monitoring, and use." Administering oral medications is a core function of nurses. Their responsibility is to comply with safe medication use processes and practices
in order to prevent occurrence of medication errors / misadventures.
National Nursing Audit, Ministry of Health Malaysia : Version 1 / September 2008, Bahagian Kejururawatan , KementerianKesihatan Malaysia