Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Spin and Quantum Measurement David McIntyre

Spin and Quantum Measurement David McIntyre

Ratings: (0)|Views: 344 |Likes:
Published by 005235

More info:

Published by: 005235 on Dec 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/21/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Copyright © 2002 by David H. McIntyre
Spin andQuantum Measurement
David H. McIntyre
Oregon State University
PH 425 Paradigm 519 December 2002
 
1
Chapter 1STERN-GERLACH EXPERIMENTS
1.1Introduction 1.2Stern-Gerlach experiment 
1.2.1Experiment 11.2.2Experiment 21.2.3Experiment 31.2.4Experiment 4
1.3Quantum State Vector
1.3.1Analysis of Experiment 11.3.2Analysis of Experiment 21.3.3Superposition states
1.4Matrix notation 1.5General Quantum Systems Problems 
Chapter 2OPERATORS AND MEASUREMENT
2.1Operators 
2.1.1Spin Projection in General Direction2.1.2Hermitian Operators2.1.3Projection Operators2.1.4Analysis of Experiments 3 and 4
2.2Measurement 2.3Commuting Observables 2.4Uncertainty Principle 2.5S 
Operator 2.6Spin 1 System Problems 
Chapter 3SCHRÖDINGER TIME EVOLUTION
3.1Schrödinger Equation 3.2Spin Precession 
3.2.1Magnetic Field in z-direction3.2.2Magnetic field in general direction
3.3Neutrino Oscillations 3.4Magnetic Resonance Problems 
 
PREFACEThis text was developed as part of a course on Spin and Quantum Measurement atOregon State University. The course is part of the Paradigms in Physics project, whichentailed a reform of the junior level physics curriculum. The Spin and QuantumMeasurement course is an introduction to quantum mechanics through the analysis of sequential Stern-Gerlach spin measurements. The approach and material are based uponprevious presentations of spin systems by Feynman, Sakurai, Cohen-Tannoudji, andTownsend. The postulates of quantum mechanics are illustrated through theirmanifestation in the simple spin 1/2 Stern-Gerlach experiments. The organization of thepostulates follows the presentation of Cohen-Tannoudji. The table below lists thepostulates briefly and their manifestation in the spin 1/2 system as presented in the course.Postulates of Quantum Mechanics Spin 1/2 manifestation1)State defined by ket
+
,
2)Operators, observables
S
i
,
S
,
 H 
3)Measure eigenvalues
 
±
h
2
4)Probability
+ ψ 
2
5)State reduction
ψ +
6)Schrödinger equation evolutionLarmor precessionThe specific examples covered are: sequential Stern-Gerlach measurements of spin1/2 and spin 1 systems, spin precession in a magnetic field, spin resonance in an oscillatingmagnetic field, neutrino oscillations, and the EPR experiment. The tools of Dirac notationand matrix notation are used throughout the course. General two- and three-state quantummechanical systems are also covered as simple extensions of the spin systems.The Stern-Gerlach experiments are discussed in class and are performed by thestudents using a software program that simulates the experiments on spin 1/2 and spin 1systems (also SU(3) for those ambitious enough!). The program permits the students tostudy any configuration of sequential Stern-Gerlach measurements, interferometers, spinprecession in a magnetic field, and which path (Welcher Weg) detection to destroyinterference. The program provides the student with unknown quantum states that he mustdetermine through experiment. The program is available on the web athttp://www.physics.orst.edu/~mcintyre/ph425/spins/.The aim of the text is twofold: (1) To give the students an immersion into the
quantum
spookiness of quantum mechanics by focusing on simple measurements thathave no classical explanation, and (2) To give the students experience with the
mechanics
of quantum mechanics in the form of Dirac and matrix notation. Since these two goals areso at odds with classical mechanics, the simplicity of the spin 1/2 system allows thestudents to focus on these new features instead of the complexity of the problem at hand.

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->