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Uterine Fibroids and Metromenorrhagia

Uterine Fibroids and Metromenorrhagia

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Published by kinectyourxbox
Causes and treatment of uterine fibroids and metromenorrhagia.
Causes and treatment of uterine fibroids and metromenorrhagia.

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Published by: kinectyourxbox on Dec 09, 2011
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05/13/2014

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CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF METROMENORRHAGIAMetromenorrhagia can be caused by many disorders: anatomic abnormalities of the uterus, hormonalimbalances, certain medical conditions, medications, and malignancy. Common anatomic causes areuterine fibroids and adenomyosis. Irregular menstrual cycles resulting from hormonal imbalances can beassociated with metromenorrhagia. Medical conditions such as blood clotting disorders and liver orthyroid disease contribute to metromenorrhagia. Medications that prevent blood clotting, such ascoumadin or heparin, can lead to increased menstrual flow. Uterine and other reproductive tractcancers can result in unusually heavy menstrual flow.Symptoms of metromenorrhagia are uterine bleeding that is excessive (more than 80 milliliters) and/orbleeding that lasts for more than seven days. Unlike metrorrhagia, bleeding occurs at regular intervals.The patient can become anemic and exhibit symptoms of either acute or chronic blood loss. Symptomsand signs which suggest the cause of metromenorrhagia may be present, such as large palpable fibroids,or evidence of hypothyroidism or liver disease.TREATMENT AND THERAPYMetromenorrhagia can be treated via conventional medical or surgical methods. The selection of treatment often depends on the cause and severity of the metromenorrhagia. If metromenorrhagia isthe result of conditions amenable to medical treatment (such as a thyroid disorder), then control of these conditions may decrease the bleeding. If the patient has irregular cycles (for example, because of lack of ovulation), then hormones such as oral contraceptive pills or medroxyprogesterone may be usedto regulate the cycles and decrease menstrual flow. A patient who is nearing the menopause can receivehormone injections that place her into an earlier artificial menopause, and hence eliminate menstrualbleeding altogether. If the patient encounters acute and profuse bleeding, then high-dose estrogensmay be given.If metromenorrhagia is resistent to medical management, then surgical treatment may be necessary.Examples of procedural treatments for metromenorrhagia are dilation and curettage (D & C), for acute,profuse bleeding; thermal ablation of the endometrial lining; hysteroscopic resection of endometrialpolyps or fibroids; and placement of a progesterone-impregnated intrauterine device (IUD).Hysterectomy is the definitive surgery for metromenorrhagia, no matter what the cause, sincemenstrual bleeding cannot occur without the uterus. Patients with large fibroids or adenomyosis oftenare not responsive to medical management. These patients would be candidates for hysterectomy. Inpatients with large fibroids and metromenorrhagia who wish to retain childbearing potential, amyomectomy may be performed instead of hysterectomy. Finally, patients can become severely anemic

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Parthiv Patel added this note
wHAT IS A THERAPY AND HOW TO USE IN OUR LIFE. THIS ARTICLE MOTIVE A HOW TO USE THERAPY IN OUR LIFE. SO MUST READ THIS IS GREAT ARTICLES.
Aftab Abdielt added this note
it gud information about metromenonhagai ......wow

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