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Water Democracy; Reclaiming Public Water in Asia

Water Democracy; Reclaiming Public Water in Asia

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Published by yanac
This collection of 19 new essays written by civilsociety activists, trade unionists and other water practitioners, presents examples of ongoing struggles against water privatization and commercialization as well as inspiring examples of people-centered public water management from across Asia. We hope this compilation will not only be a source of inspiration for those struggling for water for all in communities all over the continent, but also that it will contribute to strengthening the discussion about the ways forward for public water delivery in Asia.

The papers show that the ideology-driven privatization wave has now also reached Asian countries where public water delivery has been very successful. Examples include like Malaysia, Hong Kong, Korea and Japan, where public utilities have largely achieved water for all. But despite universal coverage, high quality drinking water and sanitation, very low leakage levels and many other indicators of successful public services, the governments of Hong Kong, Korea and Japan are planning to boost the role of the private sector. In Malaysia, this process hasalready resulted in widespread privatization and predictable problems (such as tariffs hiking impacting the affordability of water for the poorest) resulting from this.
This collection of 19 new essays written by civilsociety activists, trade unionists and other water practitioners, presents examples of ongoing struggles against water privatization and commercialization as well as inspiring examples of people-centered public water management from across Asia. We hope this compilation will not only be a source of inspiration for those struggling for water for all in communities all over the continent, but also that it will contribute to strengthening the discussion about the ways forward for public water delivery in Asia.

The papers show that the ideology-driven privatization wave has now also reached Asian countries where public water delivery has been very successful. Examples include like Malaysia, Hong Kong, Korea and Japan, where public utilities have largely achieved water for all. But despite universal coverage, high quality drinking water and sanitation, very low leakage levels and many other indicators of successful public services, the governments of Hong Kong, Korea and Japan are planning to boost the role of the private sector. In Malaysia, this process hasalready resulted in widespread privatization and predictable problems (such as tariffs hiking impacting the affordability of water for the poorest) resulting from this.

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Published by: yanac on Oct 25, 2008
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01/20/2011

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WATER DEMOCRACY 
RECLAIMING PUBLIC WATER IN 
ASIA
 
ESSAY COLLECTION PRESENTED BY THE RECLAIMING PUBLIC WATER NETWORK 
NOVEMBER 2007
 
 
 
2
WATER DEMOCRACY: RECLAIMING PUBLIC WATER IN ASIAESSAY COLLECTION PRESENTED BY THE RECLAIMING PUBLIC WATER NETWORK NOVEMBER 2007 PUBLISHED BY: 
Focus on the Global Southhttp://www.focusweb.org/  Transnational Institutehttp://www.tni.org/  
EDITORIAL TEAM: 
Mary Ann ManahanNami YamamotoOlivier Hoedeman
CONTRIBUTORS: 
Hemantha WithanageVioleta Perez-CorralVisoth CheaAu Loong-YuGovernment Waterworks Professionals Association - Hong KongGururaja BudhyaVinod KumarAfsar JafriV. SureshNila ArdhianieTomoko SakumaKorean Government Employees’ Union (KGEU)Charles SantiagoRatan BhandariRabin SubediStop the Wall CampaignPENGON, Friends of the Earth PalestineBuenaventura B. DargantesMarx Anthony L. DargantesVictor G. ChiongMontree ChantawongPayungsak KhachasawatKannikar KittivejakulRebeca Leonard
EXTERNAL EDITING: 
Vicky QuinlanJenina Joy Chavez
 
WHAT IS THE ‘RECLAIMING PUBLIC WATER’ NETWORK? 
The Reclaiming Public Water (RPW) network promotes progressive public water models and other alternatives towater privatisation. It is an open and horizontal network connecting activists, trade unionists, researchers andpublic water managers from around the world.The RPW network builds on the collective work that resulted in the book “Reclaiming Public Water - Achievements,Struggles and Visions from Around the World”. After the first English version was published in January 2005, neweditions of the book have been launched in Indonesian, Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Korean, Finish, Hindi, Tamil,Malayalam, Japanese, and Portuguese (Brazil). Further editions are underway in Arabic, French, Kannada, andUrdu language. The book is available online at: http://www.tni.org/books/publicwater.htm
For more information, see:
http://www.tni.org/altreg-docs/water.htmhttp://www.waterjustice.org/ 
 
 
3
 
CONTENTS: 
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................................................1
 
1. THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK WATER POLICY: PRIVILEGING PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT OVERPRO-POOR ACCESS....................................................................................................................................................3
 
2. LABOUR-MANAGEMENT COOPERATION: A PUP IN BENCHMARKING WATER UTILITIES IN ASIA..............9
 
3. FROM BAD SERVICE TO OUTSTANDING WATER UTILITY: PHNOM PENH’S EXPERIENCE.........................12
 
I
NTERVIEW WITH
D
R
C
HEA
V
ISOTH
,
 
G
ENERAL
M
 ANAGER OF THE
P
HNOM
P
ENH
W
 ATER
S
UPPLY
 A
UTHORITY
................15
 
4. CHINA’S ROAD TO THE COMMODIFICATION OF WATER.................................................................................16
 
5. HONG KONG: A ROLE MODEL OF PUBLIC-OPERATED WATER SUPPLY SERVICES...................................19
 
6. STRUGGLES AGAINST FAILING PRIVATIZATION, FOR PEOPLE-CENTERED MODEL – CASE OFBANGALORE, KARNATAKA.....................................................................................................................................21
 
7. CASE STUDY OF RWSS INITIATIVES UNDER DECENTRALIZATION IN KERALA, INDIA...............................25
 
8. COUNTERING WATER PRIVATISATION IN MUMBAI: EVOLVING A PUBLIC-PUBLIC MODEL......................27
 
9. SOLUTION FOR THE WATER CRISIS – DEMOCRATISATION, NOT PRIVATISATION! PROMISING STORIESFROM TAMIL NADU, INDIA.......................................................................................................................................31
 
10. PDAM TIRTANADI MEDAN: THE PIONEER OF PUBLIC-PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS IN INDONESIA..............34
 
11. LESSONS AND CHALLENGES: JAPANESE PUBLIC WATER SERVICES FACE MAJOR TURNING POINT37
 
12. PROBLEMS OF WATER PRIVATIZATION AND RESPONSES IN KOREA.......................................................40
 
13. PRIVATISATION VS. PUBLIC-PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP IN MALAYSIA.............................................................42
 
14. NO MORE SEVERN TRENT IN NEPAL: A CASE STUDY OF ADB’S LENDING CONDITIONALITIES............45
 
15. BAPTIZING THE BANTU STATE: WATER AND THE ETHNIC CLEANSING OF PALESTINE.........................48
 
16. WATER MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES IN PALESTINE...................................................................................51
 
17. PHILIPPINE EXPERIENCES IN ALTERNATIVES TO PRIVATIZATION OF WATER SERVICES......................53
 
18. STRUGGLES FOR PEOPLE-CENTERED MODELS: THE CASE OF AGWWAS AND ITS ROLE IN THECAMPAIGN AGAINST PRIVATIZATION IN CEBU....................................................................................................58
 
19. PRIVATIZATION OF WATERWORKS IN THAILAND..........................................................................................60
 

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