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Dutta's Little Dictionary (English, Kazakh, Russian)

Dutta's Little Dictionary (English, Kazakh, Russian)

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Published by celiemme
This short 11-page trilingual dictionary was written by Peace Corps worker Niki Dutta in 2005, and has common words sorted by type (noun, verb, adverb) and listed in three languages: English, Kazakh, Russian. All credit goes to Niki here.
This short 11-page trilingual dictionary was written by Peace Corps worker Niki Dutta in 2005, and has common words sorted by type (noun, verb, adverb) and listed in three languages: English, Kazakh, Russian. All credit goes to Niki here.

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Published by: celiemme on Dec 10, 2011
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06/17/2014

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(
(
29.06.2005
PCV
INTRODUCTION
Little Dictionary from Niki Diltta, Kaz-13
This study guide
is
designed to help you improve your vocabulary as you begin
your
study
of
theRussian language. When I started learning Russian myself, I remember feeling very frustrated -I hada lot
of
enthusiasm and desire, but I
didn't
know
which
words I needed to know. I really wished that Ihad a
nst
oHhe
few hundred words most common Russlan'iul'd Kizakh words; the'
words
th"iCpeopfe"actually used
in
everyday conversation. This study guide
is
meant to serve that purpose. All
of
thesewords are actually
used
by ordinary folks here, most
of
them quite frequently.
If
you manage tocommit these words to memory, you will understand a fair majority
of
what is said to you
in
Russianand Kazakh in Kazakhstan.
VERBS
The verbs presented here have been partially conjugated,
in
the Hand
Tbl
forms. For
mo!\t
Russianverbs, knowledge
ofthese
forms will allow you to completely conjugate the verb -the conjugation
of
the
OWMbl/Bbl/OHM
forms
is
almost always
determined by the conjugation
of
the Hand
Tbl
forms.There are four general verb types, and they conjugate as follows:
in rnitive
Rus
Kat
Rus
Kaz
Rus
Kaz
Rus
Kaz
stem
lHaTh
6iJI
CORJIe
mRTh
T exaTh 6a
'K
K
lHa-
6i!l-
coii.n.e-
mRB-
T
e.L(-
~
MeH
-10
-e-MlH
-10
-it-MiH
-'1
-a-MbIH
-y
-a-MhIH
,
TbI
CeH
-ellib
-e-cIH;
-MIIIb
-
it-ciH;
-ellib
-a-eblH;
-ellib
-a-ChIlI.
,
OH
Orr
-eT
-e-,DJ
-liT
-
it-.r:d
-eT
-a-,lIN
-eT
-a-,D,LI
MhI
Ei3
-eM
,
-e-M13
-liM
-
M-Mi3
-eM
-a-MbI3
-eM
-a-Mhl3
BbI
Ci3-eTe
-e-cI3
-liTe
-it-ci3
-eTe
-a-CbI3
-eTe
-a-Chl3
,
OHlI
orrap
-lOT
-e-,D,l
-5IT
-M
,D,i
-Yr
-a-,D,bI
-yT
-a-,D,bI
Verbs: that
do
not obey these' patterns have been fully conjugated below.Verbs in theperfective aspect have
an
asterisk next to their conjugation.
ADVERBS
&
PREDICATE ADJECTIVES
Because the Russian language has gendered nouns, its predicate adjectives differ
in
spelling from itsadjectives -
in
English, predicate adjectives and adjectives are spelled the same way. An adjectivesdescribes a noun; a predicate adjective describes something other than
a
oun -a situation,
an
activity, an unnamed place. The following sentences use adjectives (underlined):
The flower is pretty.
IJ.BeT<)K
KpacMBbIM.
My mother is kind.
Mo~
MaTh
,uo6pa5I.
8,D,eMi
ryrr.
MeHiH;
llIellieM
MeHipiM,D,i.
The following sentences
use
predicate adjectives (underlined):
It
is
difficult tolearn RussianiKazakh.
II
Yl.jMTb
PYCCKMM
~3biK
TPY,D,Ho·1I
K,a3al\
TiJlf
Ol\Y
l\HbIH.
It's nice here.
3,D,eCb
XOpOIliO.
II
M¥H,D,a
)Kal\CbI.
On
the otller hand, unlike English, Russian adverbs and predicate adjectives
do
share thesame spellings.
As
a result, each
of
the words included
in
this section
of
the
study guide
can
be
used either
as
an adverb or
as
a predicate adjective -I've chosen how
to
translate eachbased
on
which grammatical use
for
each word is more prevalent.
V~7
IyouHeWeYou (all)They
 
29.06.2005
Little
Dictionary
from
Niki
Dutta,
Kaz-13
PCV
THE
FmST
500
WORDS
100
VERBS
English
Kazakh
Russianaccompany.IIJlIFaPbIn cany -
npOBO)KaTb
-
npoBQ)KalO,
npOBO)KaeWb
IIJlIFapbIn
canaMbIH,
(
-CbIl~)
allow
Kenicy -
KeniceMiH,
Kenicecil-(
pa3peIIJaTb
-
pa3peIIJalO, pa3peWaeWb
askc¥pay -
c¥paHMbIH,
c¥paHcbIl-(
cnpocHTb
-
(future)
cnpoIIJj, cnpocHwb *bathe
)KYlIHY
-
)KYlIHaMbIH,
)KYbIHaCbII-(nOMbITbCH
-
(f.)
nOMolOcb,
nOMOeIIJbcH*
be afraid
I\OPI\Y
-
I\OpI\aMbIH,
I\OpI\aCbII-(
60HTbCH
-
601OCb,
60HWbCH
be bornTyy -
Ty)l.bIM,
Ty)l.bI
PO)l.HTb,CH
-
(past)
pO)l.HncH, pO)l.HnaCb,
~,Jc..5
/:x:Jm)
pO)J,HnHcb
be
ill
aYblpy -
a:Yb1QbIIPr¥l'MbIH, (-CbII-()
60ne-rb
-
6oJIelO,
60neewbbe in a hurry
aCbIFY
-
aCbIFbIn
T¥pMbIH,
(-ClIl-()
ToponHTbCH
-
ToponnlOCb,
ToponHlIIbcHbe lateKelIIiry -KewireMiH, Kewirecil-(
On03)l.aTb
-
On03)l.alO,
On03)l.aeIIJb*
begin
6aCTay
-
6acTaHMbIH,
6acTaHCbII-(
Ha4HHaTb
-
Ha4HHalO,
Ha4HHaewb
believe (in)
ceHY
-:-
ceHeMiH,ceHecil-(
BepHTb
(B)
-
BeplO,
BepHIIJb
buy
caTf,~~
any -
CaTbIn
anaMbIH
(-cmv
~nHTb
-(future) KynnlO, KynHlIIb*call, inviteIIJaI\blpy -lIlaI\bIpaMbIH, IIJaI\lIpacbIl-(
3BaTb
-
30BY,
30BeIIJb
chat, socializeI\aTbIHacy, apanacy -
apaMbI3
)KaI\ClI,
06maTbcH
-o6malOcb,
06maeIIJbCH
(
apanaCaMlIl-(,
apanacaclIl-(),
I\aTbIHaCaMbIH,
I\aTbIHaCaCbII-()
choose
Tal-()l.ay
-
Tal-()l.an
T¥pMbIH,
( -
CbII-()
Bbl6HjJJTb
-
BbI6HRalO,
B1I6HpaeWb
close, lock)I(a6y -
)Ka6aMbIH,
)Ka6aclIl-( 3aKplITb -(future)
3aKpoJO,
3aKpoewb*. come back
Keny
-
KeneMiH,Kenecil-(
npHexaTb
-(future tense)
npHe)l.y,
npH-
e)l.elIlb
*
(by
transport);
npHHTI-i-
(future tense)
npH)l.y, npH)l.elIlb
*
(past)
nPHWen,
npHwna, npHwmiconverse ceHney -
ceHneHMiH,
ceif.rieHCil-(pa3rOBapHBaTb
-pa3roBapHBalO,
-eWb
cook, prepare
)l.aHbIH)l.ay
-
)l.aHbIH)l.aHMbIH,
(-CbII-();
.
rOToBHTb
-
rOToBnlO, roTOBHWb,
»<aeay
-
~blH,
»<aeaHClIl-(
rOTOBHT
dance6Hney -
6HneHMiH,
6HneHcil-( TaHuemlTb
-
TaHUYIO,
TaHuyewbdecide, solveIIJewy
~
weweMiH, wewecil-( pewHTb -pewy, pewHlIlb *die
eny
-
en)l.i
YMepeTb
-
YMep,
YMepna, YMepnH*
(past)do, make
iCTey
-
iCTeHMiH,
iCTeifcil-(
)l.enaTb
-
)l.enalO,
)l.enaeWb
drawcypeT cany -
cypeT
canaMbIH,
(-CbII-()
PHCOBhb
-
~HcilO,_p_Hcyewb
dream,
apMaH)l.ay
-
apMaH)l.aHMbIH,
Me4Thb -
Me4TalO,
Me4TaeWb
daydream
apMaH)l.aHcbI
I-(
dress
KHiHY
-
KHiHeMiH,
KHiHecil-(
O)l.eBaTbcH
-
O)l.eBaJOcb,o)l.eBaeWbC5I
drink
iwy_-
iweMiH, iwecil-(miTb -
nblO,
nbewbeat)Key.-
)KeH~iH,
?:KeHcil-(,
)KeH)l.i,
eCTb
-
eM,
eWb,
eCT,
e)l.HM, e)l.HTe,
e.ll.51T
)Ke)l.I
M,
)Ke.lU
-(past)
en,
ena,
enH
eat
)Key
-
)Ken
OTbIPMbIH,
(-
Cbll-()
KywaTb -KywalO, Kywaewb
Page
2
of]]
 
\10
I (
29.06.2005
Little Dictionary from Niki Dutta, Kaz-13
PCV
EnglishKazakh Russian
(
feelce3in
)KYPY
-ce3in
)KYPMiH
( -cil-()
lJYBCTBOBaTb
-
lJYBCTBYlO,
qYBcTByelllbfindTa6y -
Ta6aMbIH,
Ta6aCbIli,;
HaHTl1
-
HaH)1.Y,
Hai1)1.elUb
-
(past)(past):
TanTbIM,
TanTbI
HallleJI, HallImi, HalllJIH*finish6iTy -
6iTCMiH,
6iTecil-(
3aKOHlJHTb
-
JaKOHlJ)',JaKOHlJHll.lb*
(Futzu-e)
fire up )Kary -
)KaraMbIH,
)KaraCbII-(
Tom-iTb
-
TOnJIlO,
TonHllIbforget¥MbITy-
¥MbITaMbIH,
¥MbITaCbII-(
3a6bITb
-.(future)
3a6Y)1.y,
3a6Y)1.elllb*
get up
T¥PY-
T¥J>aMbIH, T¥paCbIIc\
BCTaBaTb-
BCTalO,
BCTaelllh
get
used
toyHpeHy -
YHpeHin )KypMiH, YHpeHinnpHBbIKaTb
-
npHBbIKalO,
)Kypcilc\
. npHBbIKaelllb;
(past):
yHpeH)1.iM,
yHpeH)1.ilc\,
yHpeH)1.iK
(past)
npHBhIK,
npHBbIKJIa,npHBbIKJIH
gIve6epy -6epeMifI (·cilc\,
-)1.i;
)1.aTb
-(future)
)1.aM,
)1.allIb,
)1.aCT,
-Mb,-ci3)1.ep,
-)1.i)
)1.a)1.HM,)1.a)1.HTe,)1.a)1.YT*
go bathing
llIOMbIJIY
-
llIOMhIJIaMhIH,
(-CbIIc\)
KynaTbcH
-KynalOcb, KymielllbcHgo
by
foot6apy -
6apa-)KaTblpMhIH,
(-Chllc\)
H)1.TH
-
H)1.Y,
H)1.elllb-6apa
)l(aTI<aHMbIH,
(-Cblli.),
(pas~
llleJI, llIJIa,
IllJIH
(past)
6apbIn
)KypMiH,
6apbIn )Kypcili.
XO)1.HTb
-
XO)l(Y,
XO)1.Hlllb
(indeterminate)
go
by
6apa
)KaTblpMbIH,
6apa
)KaTbIpCblli.
exaTb
-
e)1.y,
ell,ellIbtransport6apbIn
)l(YPMiH,
6apbIn
)Kypcilc\
e3)1.HTb
-
e3)l(Y,
e3)1.Hlllb
(indeterminate)
have dinnerKelllKi
TaMaI<TbI
)Key-
Y)KHHaTb
-
y)l(HHcllO, y)l(HHae1IIb
KelllKi
TaMaI<TbI
)Ken
OTbIPMbIH,
(-Cbllc\)
have lunchryCKI
TaMaI<TbI
)Key
-
06e)1.aTb
-
06e)1.alO,
06e)1.ae1IIb
(
rycKi
TaMaI<TbI
)Ken
OTblPMbIH
(~bm)
hearTbIMay -
TbIMan
T¥pMbIH
(-CbIIc\)
CJIbIllIaTb
-
CJIbIIllY,
CJIbIIllH1IIb
(
help
K6MeKTecy
-
K6MeKTeCCMiH,
(-cilc\)
nOMoraTb
-nOMonilo, nOMoniellIbhinder
Ke)1.epri
)l(acay -
Ke)1.epri)KaCaHMbIH
MellIarb -MellIalO, Melllaelllb
hop_e
YMiTTeHY-
YMiTTeHeMiH,
(-cilc\)
Ha)1.eHTbCH
-
Ha)1.elOCh,
Ha)1.eellIbCH
invitelllaI<blpy -
lllaI<blpaM
bIH, 1IIaI<blpaCbIlc\
npHfJIallIaTb -npHfJIalllalO,npHfJIallIaellIb
joke
KaJI)KbII-()1.ay
-
I<aJI)Kbllc\J1.aHMbIH
(-cbm)
lllyTHTb -IllYlJY,
IIIYTH1IIb
know
6iJIY
-6iJIeMiH, 6iJIecili.
3HaTb
-
3HalO,
3Haelllb
know
how to
I<OJI)1.aH
KeJIY
-
I<OJIbIMHaH
KeJIe)1.i,
YMerb -
YMelO,
YMeelllb
KOJIbllc\HaH
KeJIe)1.i
launder
Kip
)KYY
-
Kip
)KyaMbIH,
Kip
)KyacbIIc\ CTHpaTb
-
CTHpalO,
cTHpaelllbleave
KeTY
-
KeTeMiH, KeTecili.
yexaTb -future:
ye)1.y,
ye)1.e1IIh*
(bytransport, future)
. .
future:
YHTH
-
yH)1.Y,
yH)1.~llIb*
-
(past)
KeTTIM,
KeTTI
(past)
YllleJI,
YWJIa,
YWJIH
listen
TbIli.J1.ay
-
TblH.)1.aHMbIH, ThIli.J1.aHCblli.
cfIQmaTb
-cJIymmo,
cJIymae1IIh
live
T¥PY
-
T¥paMblH,
T¥paCbIIi.
)KHTb
-
)KHBY,
)KHBe1IIb
look
for
i3)1.ey
-
i3)1.eHMiH, iJ)1.eHci
Ii.
HCKaTh
-Hmy,
HmeWb
lose
)KOfaJITY
-
(fUture)
)KOrarrraMblH,
nOTepHTb
-
(fUture)
norepHlO,)KOramaCbIIi.;
(past)
)KOfaJITTbIM
norep~ewb*
Page
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