Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
8Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Geometrically Frustrated Quantum Magnets

Geometrically Frustrated Quantum Magnets

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 343|Likes:
Published by Chirese2012
In this thesis we attempt to reach a physical understanding and theoretical description
of some of the greatest challenges in the field of frustrated quantum magnetism,
mainly the Kagome lattice antiferromagnets. After an introductory review of concepts,
we closely examine the Kagome lattice quantum Heisenberg and Ising models.
We apply several new techniques based on lattice gauge theories, duality mappings
and field theory in order to explore phase diagrams of these models.
In this thesis we attempt to reach a physical understanding and theoretical description
of some of the greatest challenges in the field of frustrated quantum magnetism,
mainly the Kagome lattice antiferromagnets. After an introductory review of concepts,
we closely examine the Kagome lattice quantum Heisenberg and Ising models.
We apply several new techniques based on lattice gauge theories, duality mappings
and field theory in order to explore phase diagrams of these models.

More info:

Published by: Chirese2012 on Oct 26, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/06/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Geometrically Frustrated Quantum Magnets
by
Predrag Nikolc
Submitted to the Department of Physicsin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophyat theMASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYSeptember 2004c
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2004. All rights reserved.Author ..............................................................Department of PhysicsJuly 28, 2004Certified by..........................................................Senthil TodadriAssistant ProfessorThesis SupervisorAccepted by.........................................................Thomas J. GreytakProfessor, Associate Department Head for Education
 
2
 
Geometrically Frustrated Quantum Magnets
byPredrag Nikolc
Submitted to the Department of Physicson July 28, 2004, in partial fulfillment of therequirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Abstract
In this thesis we attempt to reach a physical understanding and theoretical descrip-tion of some of the greatest challenges in the field of frustrated quantum magnetism,mainly the Kagome lattice antiferromagnets. After an introductory review of con-cepts, we closely examine the Kagome lattice quantum Heisenberg and Ising models.We apply several new techniques based on lattice gauge theories, duality mappingsand field theory in order to explore phase diagrams of these models.Our approach provides a microscopic picture of the mysterious phenomena ob-served numerically and experimentally in the Kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnets.Namely, we argue that the spinless excitations, thought to be gapless in absence of any symmetry breaking in this system, are in fact gapped, but at an extremely smallemergent energy scale. This scenario is realized in an unconventional valence-bondordered phase, with a very large unit-cell and complex structure. We also discussproperties of a spin liquid that could be realized in the Kagome antiferromagnet, andargue that its elementary excitations are clearly gapped and extremely massive oreven localized.We demonstrate that the Kagome lattice quantum Ising models are an excellentplatform for learning about effects of quantum fluctuations on classically degenerateground-states. We consider several ways in which spins can acquire quantum dy-namics, including transverse field, XXZ exchange and ring-exchange perturbations.Using two different setups of compact U(1) gauge theory we find circumstances inwhich many characteristic quantum phases occur: disordered phase, topologically or-dered spin liquid, valence-bond crystal, and a phase with coexistence of magnetic andvalence-bond order. From this variety of results we attempt to learn more generallessons on frustrated quantum magnetism.At the end, we demonstrate some new mathematical tools on two other frus-trated two-dimensional systems, and summarize our conclusions, with an outlook toremaining open problems.Thesis Supervisor: Senthil TodadriTitle: Assistant Professor3

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
damjan_marinič liked this
lgt78 liked this
ibust liked this
Marc Piyush liked this
johnkatsoulis liked this
powerleader liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->