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كتاب لينكس الشامل

كتاب لينكس الشامل

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Published by: HMaSN on Oct 26, 2008
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تايوحمل دج
تايوحمل دج
دعسل ديؤ
اشل سكنل با
دعل ومح لاص ديؤ فلأ
alsadi@gmail.com
ةصخرل ضاخ باكل ذهGNU FDL ةظوفح طل قو ةا رغ ةسن ذه
تايوحمل دج
اشل كل با.........................................................................................................................................................1تايوحمل دج........................................................................................................................................................11.1د ةا ةيركفل ةكمل................................................................................................................................3 1.1.1 ةيرشل ومل د ةا.......................................................................................................................4 1.1.2سل قو ةيركفل ةكمل نو...................................................................................................................5 1.1.3تا" ةيركفل ةكمل."...............................................................................................................................7 1.1.4رخ ال...............................................................................................................................................9 1.1.5تاطلا دج..........................................................................................................................................12 1.1.6 ةحضو ةثأ...........................................................................................................................................15 1.1.7 ةعيرشل أ.............................................................................................................................................16 1.1.9 ةن.......................................................................................................................................................18 1.2وغ وه ا/كل...............................................................................................................................................19 1.2.1. ةا ةيا ةحمل..................................................................................................................................20 1.2.2وغ ايز/كل........................................................................................................................................25 1.2.3دي  تانا.....................................................................................................................................26 ؟ تاصمل دع  دفأ ا...............................................................................................................................271.2.4ىرخ كنوي ةمنأ  تانا..................................................................................................................29 1.2.5؟سمل ةمن كل ان .................................................................................................................31 1.2.6تاش...................................................................................................................................................32 1.2.7كل د تا................................................................................................................................33 1.3 ةعيو اخ...................................................................................................................................................37 1.3.1. ةد.....................................................................................................................................................39 1.3.2 ةسئرل تاعيول.....................................................................................................................................39 1.3.3ءرل ةجومل ةسئرل تاعيول................................................................................................................41 1.3.4.رامل ةّ حل تاعيول...........................................................................................................................42 1.3.5. ةرعل تاعيول......................................................................................................................................42 1.3.6. ةيدصمل تاعيول ءال تأ.................................................................................................................43 1.4.7. ةال ده ت تاعيول....................................................................................................................43 1.4كل ر ةير...........................................................................................................................................44 1.4.1.ءدل  طل......................................................................................................................................45 1.4.2ا كش رل ةير.............................................................................................................................45 1.4.3اڤيدنا رMandriva..........................................................................................................................48 1.4.4د تاهدي ر ةير.......................................................................................................................51 1.4.5اي ر ةير...................................................................................................................................52 1.4.6ريو ر ةير...............................................................................................................................53 1.4.7 ةمع اي..............................................................................................................................................54 ح:؟ر تارل وك أ ي امل.....................................................................................................................56  ةد...............................................................................................................................................................56؟ ط وكلامل ري ..................................................................................................................................56كلامل وج دض ةحل......................................................................................................................................57كلامل وج دض ةحل......................................................................................................................................57انرل د ةر.........................................................................................................................................58(1)اشل كل با
 
تايوحمل دج
تايوحمل دج
دعسل ديؤامج اكل رد........................................................................................................................................58رل ةمئو ةر...........................................................................................................................................59تارل ريوط ةر........................................................................................................................................59 ةم سل اشل د ةير..............................................................................................................................60ر وك أ ي تارل.................................................................................................................................60؟ تارل ال وطي امل................................................................................................................................60"؟ ا لإ ور  امل"...............................................................................................................................62  ةضر  قاف ةلس......................................................................................................................................62 ةل..............................................................................................................................................................63(2)اشل كل با
 
تايوحمل دج
تايوحمل دج
دعسل ديؤ
1.1
د ةانص ةيركل ةكمل
سل قو رع(لؤمل قو ًاناأ جر)اش  عطل حل  ةّده ًو رخ تءر ةوممل تارل  ةعل رخ ا اشنل مل د معل رل ةس رسك انإ ،ةرعمل.ر اكل فلؤمل ةيامحل اميد  ةسك قو انإيرال ءاط ةعي(تارل تار مشي كل) ديزمل فلؤمل ل
سانل ةيرح باح ىع ذوفنل
امل جأ  .وغ دGNUسن قو ةصخ ةد دل ،انوحسي ل ةيرحل ال ول فن  طع لؤمل قو ةيامحل ةف ةيرcopyrightوممل ةوكع( ةورمل قوحل مسcopyleft) ةجا أ ةوممل تارل وعي  ول ةئا ر تار يد. وغ/ممل  زكرمل ريوطل سي ان وه كلCommunity Driven Development.سمل دل ةا اط أ  وطل ةر لاثل لاعل دل أ ،ًوجو تارل."ان  ًاال ةال وي لأ ،ًام  ".  -- يد ،    دمح6517نالل ال ح . "ط اس طمل وفل ،اس وفل". --Lord Acton(،زنإ ؤ1834-1902) "نو يذل ةلامعل اأ  أ ن لذ رغ  دعأ ىأ  إ" --ون قاحإ"ء اميأ ف ةأ اميأ(ا أ ٍا )دع ام ا  ا دف انأ حمل ،اير دف ان ،ةيرحل ".  --William Somerset Maugham(،زنإ ئ رس ا1874-1965) "ف انأ..رثعل ذه( bug)ر5احل ئا"..  -- ةوممل تارل فل دل رئ قرس   ةكش   ئا ةسمخ رخل نذلا رعشي ،دو ول ةكشمل وجو رع  ًو."ر ن  ذ رخ  د رُ ي أ كمي ا ".  --كير رخ تءر ك ريدCharles Duellا1899(ديؤن  ح زمل   اعض) "ًدع يركحمل  وي  رخ ة"  --Alan Cox دإ طيlinux-2.4.1ac19 " يرخ  ا ام ال وف دأ د20ذ ةر ا ةس ةيا تا ا ،ًاا. ةسلدل ةل تامكل ااح وع ىرخ راسل تاذكل". --James SimmonsLKML( ةرشل  ذ ) (3)اشل كل با

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