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Published by Ernad Husremović

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Published by: Ernad Husremović on Dec 10, 2011
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04/19/2014

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Chapter2    
D    D    i  i  v   v   i  i  n   n   g   g   P    P    h   h   y   y   s   s   i  i  c   c   s   s   a   a   n   n   d    d    C    C    h   h   e   e   m     m     i  i  s   s   t  t  r   r   y   y   
52   
 
Thischapterdescribesthelawsofphysicsandchemistrywhichare   concernedwithdivingandaffecthumansinthewater.Understandingof  principlesinthischapterisessentialforsafediving.  Thehumanbodyisadaptedtoconditionsonlandwherethepressureis   approximately1bar.Onthispressureourbodyfunctionsnormally,without  anydifficulties.Inthewaterthepressurerises,soweneedspecial equipmentwhichallowsustostayunderwaterlongerandsaferwithout  permanentconsequencesonourhealth.Twomajorproblemsourbody   facesunderwateraretheaffectsofhigherpressureandproblemsrelatedto   thegasmixture(mixturewhichwebreathfromthedivetank)under  pressure.Inordertounderstandthoseproblemswefirstneedtolearnthe   basicphysicalandchemicalcharacteristicsofwaterinwhichthedivers   stay,andairwhichthediversbreath.  watermolecules   53   
 
Waterismadeoftwo   hydrogenandoneoxygen   atomwithamixtureofgassesmineralsandotherelements.  Itisafluidwhichchangesits   shapebasedonthecontainer  itisplacedin.Seawaterhas   itssalinitywhichgivesitbigger  massanddensitythanfresh   water.  Thevolumeofwater  changesdirectlyproportionatothepressure,soitis   incompressible,unlike   gasses.Becauseofthisfact  thepressureinwaterrises   1barevery10meters.  P    P    h   h   y   y   s   s   c   c   a   a   a   a   n   n   d   d   c   c   h   h   e   e   m     m     c   c   a   a   c   c   h   h   a   a   r  r  a   a   c   c   t  t  e   e   r  r  s   s   t  t  c   c   s   s   o   o   f  f  w    w    a   a   t  t  e   e   r  r  54   

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