Introduction. Exercise Physiology: An Overview1
EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW
What is Exercise Physiology?
Exercise Physiology is the study of the
effects of exercise on the body
Specifically, Exercise Physiology is concerned with the
body’s responses &adaptations to the stress of exercise
, ranging from the system level (e.g.,cardiovascular system) to the subcellular level (e.g., production of ATP for energy).
These modifications can be
– that is lasting only for the duration of theactivity/exercise – or
– present as long as the activity is continued on a regularbasis.
Exercise physiologists are interested in both the
effects & adaptations
of exercise on all aspects of body functioning.
– the changes in human physiology that occur during exercise.
– the alterations in the structure & functions of the body that occur inresponse to the regular completion of exercise or physical activity.
Exercise training – the repeated use of exercise to improve physical fitness.
The study of how
is altered by exposure to physical activityand exercise.
The application of the concepts of
to training athletes & enhancingsports performance. (Sport Physiology is derived or evolved from Exercise Physiology)
The Importance of exercise physiology to the practitioner
Knowledge from exercise physiology is used to design effective fitness programs for peopleof all ages, to guide the development & implementations of cardiac rehabilitation programs,to plan programs to help children & youths to incorporate physical activity into their life,and to structure rehabilitation programs for injured athletes.