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Exercise Physiology Course Notes

Exercise Physiology Course Notes



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Published by Adam Linoby

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Published by: Adam Linoby on Dec 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Introduction. Exercise Physiology: An Overview1
What is Exercise Physiology?
Exercise Physiology is the study of the
effects of exercise on the body
Specifically, Exercise Physiology is concerned with the
body’s responses &adaptations to the stress of exercise
, ranging from the system level (e.g.,cardiovascular system) to the subcellular level (e.g., production of ATP for energy).
These modifications can be
short term
– that is lasting only for the duration of theactivity/exercise – or
long term
– present as long as the activity is continued on a regularbasis.
Exercise physiologists are interested in both the
(immediate) &
effects & adaptations
of exercise on all aspects of body functioning.
Acute adaptations
– the changes in human physiology that occur during exercise.
Chronic adaptations
– the alterations in the structure & functions of the body that occur inresponse to the regular completion of exercise or physical activity.
Exercise training – the repeated use of exercise to improve physical fitness.
Exercise Physiology
The study of how
body structure
is altered by exposure to physical activityand exercise.
Sport Physiology
The application of the concepts of
exercise physiology
to training athletes & enhancingsports performance. (Sport Physiology is derived or evolved from Exercise Physiology)
The Importance of exercise physiology to the practitioner
Knowledge from exercise physiology is used to design effective fitness programs for peopleof all ages, to guide the development & implementations of cardiac rehabilitation programs,to plan programs to help children & youths to incorporate physical activity into their life,and to structure rehabilitation programs for injured athletes.

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