Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Organic Milk Food Products

Organic Milk Food Products

Ratings: (0)|Views: 148 |Likes:

More info:

Published by: Mohammad Ashraf Paul on Dec 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





As per the Codex Alimentarius commission Guidelines, organic farming
may be defined as “ a
holistic production management system, which promotes and enhances argroecosystem healthincluding biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity
he guideliness have alsoestablished principles of organic production from the stages of production, processing, storageand transport to labelling and marketing.Organic production is different from the conventional production mainly due to its stresson conserving the fertility of soil, avoiding pollution, producing food of optimum nutritionalquality, minimizing the usage of nonrenewable resources, etc.
Historical Development
The philosopher Rudolf Steiner founded biodynamic farming during a series of lectures given atan agricultural course in Germany in 1924. When organic movement started in the 1960s, it wasextensively based on the experience of biodynamic farming. The pioneers of the movementswere town people to protest against the increasingly intensive method of production, especiallythe use of pesticide and fertilizers. These trends were supported by general society againstincreasing materialism, centralization and indiscriminate large-scale products.In 1981, the organic farmers coordinated with international body called InternationalFederation of Organic Agriculture Movments (IFOAM), which prepares guidelines forcultivation and processing. It also has an accreditation programme to control bodies worldwide .The number of organic farmers was at a modest level until the early 1990s. Many pioneersdropped out due to economical loss in dairy farm business. However, those who stayed in thenew environment slowly qualified as professional organic farmers.
The Danish organic movement was organised in 1981 with the foundation of the DanishOrganzation for Organic Farming . Today organic milk accounts for more than one
fifth of salesin certain countries. These estimates indicate that there is an enormous difference between thegrowth rates of organic milk production of different European countries. For example, france hadorganic milk production of 65 million kg in 1998 and has demand of 400 million kg in 2000.Similarly it is estimated for Denmark, 185 million kg and 333 million kg in 1998 and 2000,respectively. The $5.5 billion US organic industry has been doubling in size every 3.5 yearssince 1990. The organic milk is now the second most important organic product after fruits andvegetables in a market with a volume of 2.3 billion US dollars in Germany. With a share of roughly 39% of the entire European organic milk market, Germany ranks well ahead of Denmark (~18%) and Austria (~12%) Austria has 200000 organic farms ,10% of the total number of farms. Canada has 42 organic food organizations each with its own set of standards.In india, recently a seminar was organzed at Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand, to discussthe organic aricultural aspects and to create awareness amongst the farmers and concernedorganizations / associations. Under the Bureau of Indian Standards, we have eco-marking systemto protect the environment and health.
Fundamental Rules
The organic practices project the following concerned principles as different from theconventional practices:
Preserving the fertility of the soil
Avoiding all kinds of pollution
Producing goods of optimum nutritional quality
Utilizing local resources and labour in closed cycles
Reducing the use of non- renewable resources to a minimum
Providing domestic animals with good condition of life
Securing that the farmer can support himself by farming
Organic Dairy Sector
Organic Dairy Production, a segment of Organic farming is primarily based on the followingfarm and live stock managment practices:
Grazing is an essential requirement under organic herd managment. Animal should havesufficient area for grazing and free movement. Confinement of animals for a long periodis not allowed.
In organic milk production, the cattle health has to be managed with almost nil to veryrestricted use of the allopathic medicines including the antibiotics and hormones.Prevention is the best remedy under the organic herd managment, followed bt the use of alternate remedies like ayurvedic, homeopathic and other indigenous practices.
Clean drinking water in sufficient quantity is to be offered to the animals.
Pesticide free green fodder and feed in sufficient amounts are to be fed to animals.
Pure livestock breeds are preferred. Local breeds are to be encouraged. Cross breedinggoes against the philosophy of organic milk production.
Artificial insemination is not allowed under the organic managment as per the indianstandards though the European standards allow for artificial insemination.
No child labour is to be used in production, prosessing and marketing of dairy products.
Producres have to keep the written records concerning the production and processing.
For the production of organic foods and products special care is taken to excludeartificial ingredients like colour, flavour, stablizer, sweetener etc.
Organic Milk and Dairy Products
The following points will help in understanding about the organic milk in the detail:
Organic milk is the result of keeping and feeding dairy cows under special conditions.Theconditions bind to the fundatmental rules for organic dairy products. It is guided byseveral national and international organzations.
In USA, task is monitored under the organic food production Act of 1990 (under USDA)and a National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) has been set up. The NOSB definesorganic agriculture as an ecological production managment system that promotes and

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->