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British Armed Forces

British Armed Forces

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Published by Irfan Alias

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Published by: Irfan Alias on Dec 11, 2011
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British Armed Forces
 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
Her Majesty's Armed Forces
The tri-service badge
Service branches
 
ManpowerAvailable formilitary service
14,607,725 males, age 15
 – 
49,
 
14,028,738 females,age 15
 – 
49
Fit formilitary service
12,046,268 males, age 15
 – 
49,11,555,893 females,age 15
 – 
49
Active personnel
191,730 Regular
(full timesoldiers)
 
Reservepersonnel
37,600 Volunteer reserve
(part time soldiers)
 
 
174,800 Regular reserve
(reserve soldiers)
 
ExpendituresBudget
FY 2010: GBP £46.1 billion
 
Percent of GDP
2.5%
The
British Armed Forces
Her Majesty's Armed Forces
and sometimes legally the
Armed Forces of the Crown
,
 the British Armed Forces encompasses three professional uniformed services,the Royal Navy,the British Army,and the Royal Air Force.  The Commander-in-Chief  of the British Armed Forces is the British monarch,HM Queen Elizabeth II,to whom members of the forces swear allegiance. Under British constitutionallaw, the armed forces are subordinate to the crown but can only be maintained in peace timeby parliament's continuing consent. As a result, parliament still approves the continuedexistence of the standing armed forces on an annual basis. Consistent with longstanding constitutional convention, however, the Prime Minister holds
de facto
authority over thearmed forces.
 The armed forces are managed by the Defence Council of the Ministry of  Defence.Under the 1689 Bill of Rights no standing army may be maintained during a time of  peace without the consent of parliament.
 
The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its overseasterritories,promoting Britain's wider security interests, and supporting international peacekeeping efforts.
 They are active and regular participants in NATO and other coalition operations. Britain is also party to the Five Power Defence Arrangements.Recent operations have included wars in Afghanistan and Iraq,the 2000 intervention in Sierra Leone,ongoing peacekeeping responsibilities in the Balkans and Cyprus,and participation in the UN- mandated no-fly zone over Libya.Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained at Ascension Island, Belize, Brunei, Canada, Diego Garcia,the Falkland Islands, Germany,  Gibraltar, Kenya, Qatar and the Sovereign Base Areas (Cyprus).
Contents
 
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[edit] History
The military history of the United Kingdom has been greatly influential in world history after 1707 with the merging of the armed forces of England and Scotland to become the armedforces of the Kingdom of Great Britain.Important conflicts in which the British took part later on in history include the Seven Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars of the 18th century/early 19th century, theCrimean War of the mid 19th Century, and the First and Second World Wars of the 20th century. The British Empire,which reached its apogee in the 1920s, was the largest empire in history; almost a third of the world's population weresubjects of the British Crown and it controlled a quarter of the world's total land area (and arguably all its seas).The current structure of defence management in Britain was set in place in 1964 when themodern day Ministry of Defence (MoD) was created (an earlier form had existed since 1940). The MoD assumed the roles of the Admiralty,the War Office and the Air Ministry. 

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