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Paramahamsa Tewari- Conceptual Error on the Fundamental Nature of Light-Phenomenon in Classical Electrodynamics, Led to the Complexities in Quantum Physics

Paramahamsa Tewari- Conceptual Error on the Fundamental Nature of Light-Phenomenon in Classical Electrodynamics, Led to the Complexities in Quantum Physics

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CONCEPTUAL ERROR ON THE FUNDAMENTAL NATURE OFLIGHT- PHENOMENON IN CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS,LED TO THE COMPLEXITIES IN QUANTUM PHYSICS
 Paramhamasa Tewari, B.Sc. Engg. * 
1 Introduction 
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) had theoretically concluded that the
 
oscillations of electric current in a straight conductor, or circulation in a loop of wire, “radiates away
energy, which is “lost
from the oscillating charges constitutingthe current. This concept, later, conflicted with the atom’s model of Rutherford in whichelectrons moved around the nucleus in closed orbits; and the question arose that like anyother vibrating or revolving charge, the electrons should
lose energy
by emittingelectromagnetic waves
as per the classical 
 
electrodynamics,
eventually falling into thenucleus. The quantum theory of light by Planck and Einstein had accepted the possibilityof “emission” and “absorption”
 
of light by electron; the atomic model of Bohr attempted partial solution to the aforesaid problem. However, it is shown in this paper through the
 space-vortex
structure of electron, which provides deeper insight into the basic nature of mass, inertia, energy, electrical charge and light; that during vibration, or revolutionaround a center , an electron
does not lose
either its structural or kinetic energy; though it produces electromagnet field (light), which is shown to be created due to mere cyclicchanges in the magnitudes of its electrostatic and gravitational potentials in space; onaccount of to-and-fro displacement of the electron’s center(discussed further). Thus, if 
loss
of energy from the orbital electrons in an atom can be shown to be non existent,similar to the solar system in the Rutherford’s model of atom, the revolving electrons willhave
 stable
elliptical orbits; and this would lead to the right course of development of theatomic physics, provided an alternative explanation for the production of light from thevibrating atoms (rather than the orbital electrons) is given. The physical aspects of the process of electron’s creation and annihilation, wave length and frequency of light, briefly outlined in this paper (from author’s earlier works), enable drawing comparisonwith the corresponding ideas of quantum physics and, thereby, tracing down those phenomena of quantum theory that led to digressions, one after the other, from reality inthe early years of this century.
2 Space-Vortex Structure of Electron
 A hypothesis on the basic nature of the medium of space and the structure of electron, namely “The Substantial Space and Void-nature of Elementary MaterialParticles”, [1] was framed in mid seventies to introduce a new concept that the electron,rather than being a point-mass or a point-charge according to the models of contemporary physics has, at its center, a
 spherical void,
which is field less and
energyless,
that is, within which the fields are discontinuous as shown in Fig .1a. The medium----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Former Executive Director (Nuclear Projects), Nuclear Power Corporation, India 
2
 
of space was postulated to be a
dynamic fluid substratum
with its properties totallyopposed to matter, that is,
non material 
, where “
non material 
” was defined as
mass less,non viscous
,
continuous, and incompressible
. Basic equations establishing relationships between the parameters of the
 space-vortex
and
mass, charge, and angular momentum
of electron were derived from its structure (fig.1a). The other postulated property of spacewas, that its flow breaks down if its circulation around a point reaches a limiting velocitygradient, that is, angular velocity
ω
, where
ω
= c / r 
e
, c being the constant speed of light(electromagnetic field) in vacuum (static space) and relative to it; and r 
e
is the radius of the above mentioned spherical void at electron’s center; this aspect of the
limiting speed of the flow
of the fluid space (Figs.1a, 1b) was shown to be the
 process,
and also the
cause,
for creation of electron as an irrotational vortex in the medium of the
non viscous
 space .( In view of comprehensive explanations, at fundamental levels, for the basic andhitherto unexplained phenomena covered under classical as well as quantum physics,coming forth from the above works, the same was subsequently named as Space VortexTheory (SVT ) [2]. The actual
motion of space
is termed
velocity field 
, abbreviatedas “vf”,
 
which has opposite directions in the two vortices (fig.2a) identified as electronand positron, due to which the concepts of 
 positive
and
negativ
e charges arise.The radius of the void, determined [2] from the experimentally obtained value of the electron’s charge and the charge- equation (fig.1a), comes to about 4x 10
-11
cm. Thecreation of the spherical void and its dynamic stability [2] leaves only one entity as the
 sole reality
in the universe – the
dynamic and primordial plenum of space
defined as the
most basic state of cosmic
 
energy
which existed prior to the creation of any matter in theuniverse. The existence of the central void combined with the linear vf of the
non
 
viscous
 and
mass less
medium of space impart a moving electron [2] with the properties of inertia, momentum, and kinetic energy during its motion relative to space; the centralvoid, also enables its annihilation with positron , as discussed further.The limiting speed of rotation of space around the electron center, endows itwith the behavior of the
hardest 
,
impenetrable
particle, whereas, the fluid space- vortexenclosing the electron, and extending through out space, results in wave- behavior during its motion; the wave and particle aspects of electron are thus combined in its verystructure.That an electron can possess some kind of void ness at its center, had beenspeculated [4] earlier too. Around 1892, “ Sir J.Larmor suggested that gravitation between electrons might be explained if the electrons are
vacuous
and have free periodsof vibration in the fluid ether, the explanation following the hydro dynamical pulsatorytheory of Bjerknes.” He had also imagined electric charge to be represented as anintrinsic rotational aspect of ether. At that time, however, the mass and charge of electronwere not precisely known; nor was the phenomenon of annihilation (early 1930s) ever imagined; and above all, the
limiting aspect 
of the speed of light (that plays a crucial rolein the creation of electron in SVT) was postulated by Einstein in Special Theory of Relativity (STR) only in 1905. Thus, it appears that the time was not ripe enough for acompressive unitary theory of space and
3 Generation of Fields associated with Electron
 
The process of creation of electron (fig.2b) takes place (within the stars andgalactic centers) with the circulation of the fluid space reaching the limiting angular velocity
ω
, which is the maximum possible velocity gradient c/r 
e
in
 
the non viscous (zerorigidity) space. Due to the maximum possible
outward acceleration field 
c
2
/r 
e ,
the space breaks down (Fig.2b) into a dynamically stable spherical void [2]; and since there is an
3
 
absence of any energy within the void, the acceleration field reverses its direction, into an
inward acceleration
 
 field,
thus exerting proportionate pressure from space on to the
void- space interface
. This acceleration field is of the order of (2.25) .10
31
cm / s
2
, which isthe highest possible field in the universe, because c is the limiting velocity of space , and
e
is the minimum possible void-radius. (
 It has been elsewhere [5] shown that similar acceleration field leads to proportionate
 
 pressure
 
 from space on the
 
 surface of thecosmic bodies like planets, stars, etc; it is produced on account of space circulationaround these bodies, and appears as the free fall acceleration; derivation of the free fall acceleration for the earth and the other planets have provided decisive proof to theexistence of basic spatial reality as a non viscous fluid 
). The inward acceleration fieldtends to
crush
the void which, however, maintains its size because any reduction in itsradius r 
e,
increases the velocity gradient c/r 
e
which, in turn, increases the outwardacceleration field, thus restoring the radius to its original value [2]. Consequent to thecreation of the void in the incompressible fluid space (Figs.2b,3a), a
compressive spherical front 
is transmitted out at speed c relative to space medium, and energizing it
 gravitationally
as well as creating electrostatic field in the whole universe. As shown infig.1a, mass of electron is defined proportional to c and the void-volume; whereas,charge is defined proportional to the surface of the void-space interface and c. Thegravitational field (Fig.3a) at a distance r from the electron has been derived [2] as (1/4
π
c)m
e
/
2
, and electrostatic field as (c/ 4
π
) q
e
/
2
; these expressions show that the
 gravitational 
 
constant 
for electron is 1/ 4
π
c, and Coulomb’ constant is c/ 4
π
; both theseconstants are seen to be proportional to c. Now, referring to the electron structure(fig.1a), it is observed that its entire energy is located in space, in its
velocity field,
fromwhich the equations for above mentioned fields have been derived [2]; and that the fieldsoriginate from the
void-space interface, leaving the void field less.
During the motion of the electron, the electrostatic field at each point in space changes to magnetic field; thereexists cause-effect relation ship between them [2]. It is to be noted that the
inward 
 
acceleration field 
, and the
 spherical void 
in the above electron structure, remainundetected both in classical as well as quantum physics, leading to speculative theories asto why an electron does not split due to its own charge, or the self action of electron;also, the difficulty of infinite energy in the integration for the electrostatic potential of a point-charge, stands removed by the field less central void.
4 Annihilation Phenomenon and Fundamental nature of Light 
In Fig.2a, between the two particles (space vortices of electron and positron) vf isunidirectional; this causes an electrical attraction [2], due to which the particles are drawncloser till their oppositely directed vf 
s
are superposed. The
 space circulation
around thevoids ceases, the voids collapse, the fluid space flows along the radii into the void atspeed c; and thus the particles are annihilated nullifying each other’s velocity fieldsstarting from the
void-space
 
interface
of the particles. The duration of collapse of thevoid will be r 
e
/c, since all the fields are postulated to be transmitted in space, and relativeto it, at speed c; during this period, a
 shell 
of radial width (r 
e
/c) c, that is r 
e
will becreated (fig.3b); the shell will transmit outwards at speed c, thus, de- energizing thewhole universal space in which the gravitational and electromagnetic fields were createdat the time following the electron’s creation.
This spherical shell, that nullifies thealready existing fields of electron within it, during its motion relative to the medium of  space, and produced consequent to the annihilation of the electron and positron, is the fundamental single pulse of light 
;
the wave- length is equal to r 
e,
and 
 
is maintained constant through out its transmission
.
Quite similar to the wave- model of light in
4

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