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Report of Sea Pollution and Its Prevention

Report of Sea Pollution and Its Prevention

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Published by namemamun

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Published by: namemamun on Oct 26, 2008
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08/08/2012

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[1]1.
INTR 
 
O
 
DUCTION
 
:-
 
Sea water covers approximately an area of 328,000,000 cubic miles which isabout 71% of the total area of earth. This large amount of sea water is used tosupport more than 6.1 billion people living in earth. Water is also necessary for other living beings on earth. But this highly essential thing is getting pollutedday by day. Majority of the sea water pollution are occurred by man directly or indirectly. This is a potential threat for the existence of all living beings onearth.We have to save our oceans for our own sake. Unfortunately we are stillunaware of this great fact. As a result, they construct industrial areas near thesea are without any plan, they throw wastes to rivers and sea water indeterminately. Tons of oils are spills daily in sea water which make laminar or thick layers on the sea water and makes dangerous effects on sea lives. Thusecological balance is disrupted. For this reason, mass awareness is the main keystone to solve this problem. Our  bays, lakes, rivers, harbors, and finally our sea and oceans are in trouble. Our sea creatures are showing sign of diseases; garbage is floating on top of thewater; and the water itself is not fit for men to swim. Many beaches are beingclosed as they are not safe to go in to the water and it is sometimes not safe toeat the fish.In the following report we will see the effects of sea pollution, causes of sea pollution and possible steps that how we can get rid of this problem.2. BACKGROUND HISTORY:-At one time scientists thought that amount of sea water in earth is as vast that itcan dilute all harmful elements delivered by industries and agricultural activitiesand also from other sources. Significant laws to prevent sea pollution did notfound before twentieth century. Sea pollution concern was first raised at about1950 when several meeting of United Nations discussed about ‘the law of thesea’. Marine sea pollution became a worldwide issue after The MediterraneanSea Controversy and campaign carried out against sea pollution. Sea pollution became more widespread after the 1967 crass of the oil tanker Torrey Canyonand after the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill off the coast of California. Marine
 
[2]
 pollution was the major concern at “United Nations Conference on the HumanEnvironment’1972” held in Stockholm. From the history of United States found that extensive sea water pollution beganabout nineteenth century as a result of urbanization, industrialization, andmodern practice in agricultural sectors. Industrial by-products, human sewageand animal waste joined together and foul pure drinking water. As a resultwaterborne epidemic was spread out mainly at New York Cityat 1832. Manstarted to purify their drinking water and they realize that sea water is getting polluted.After the Second World War, USA started to develop in agricultural sectors.They used fertilizers which contains high amount of sulfur, nitrogen, and phosphorus. These elements got mixed with sea water and plants and bacteriawere born which cause oxygen crisis in sea water. As a result fishes and other animals living in sea became dead and made sea pollution. After thosehappenings mass awareness was build up against sea pollution to preserve seaanimals and human health.With the increase of world population, human waste and other man made problems increase.
3.
SEA POLLUTION FACTS:-3.1.Sea pollution facts based on USA. 
40% of American rivers are too polluted for fishing, swimming, andfor aquatic life.
Mississippi river throws about 1.5 million metric tons of nitrogenwaste every year in to The Gulf of Mexico which comes from farmland.
1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage, storm water, and industrialwaste are discharged every year in to the sea water of USA.
About 25% of US beaches are closed in a year because of sea pollution.3.2.Condition of other continents. 
Asian rivers are most polluted in the world.
Greece has the cleanest and Lithuania and Estonia has the dirtiestcoastal water.
 
[3]
The king river is most polluted in Australia. Water of this river isseverely acidic because of mining.
Many diseases caused by using contaminated water with virus, bacteria, or other parasites such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery andother diarrheal diseases.
Because of plastic waste in sea water and in coastal areas, annually100,000 marine mammals, 1 million sea birds and countless fish aredied.
80% pollution of seas and oceans comes from land-based activities.
Baltic Sea is the world most polluted sea. Fig 1 :- Baltic Sea
In one week, a typical cruise ship produces-1. 210,000 gallons of sewage2. 1,000,000 gallons of gray water 3. 37,000 gallons of oily bilge water 4. More than 8 tons of solid was4.CAUSES OF SEA POLLUTION:-
4.1.
Oil pollution :-

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