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Readers may care to note that the original paintings from which thecolour plates of the figures, the ships and the battlescene in this book were prepared are available for private sale. All reproduction copyrightwhatsoever is retained by the Publishers. All enquiries should beaddressed to:Scorpio Gallery, PO Box 475, Hailsham, East Sussex, BN27 2SL, UK The Publishers regret that they can enter into no correspondence uponthis matter.
To my two good friends and fellow scholars, Anthony Jenkins andTillWeber, without whose knowledge and support this book could not havebeen written.
I began working on this book in 2006, while attending the University of the Ryūkyūs as aVisiting Scholar. I was able to continue my researchwhen I returned to Okinawa for a short period in 2008 (during my tenureasVisiting Professor of Japanese Studies at Akita International University).On this occasion, I retraced the course of the Okinawa raid by ship fromKagoshima via Amami-Oshima, landing on the Motobu peninsula innorthern Okinawa where the Shimazu established their beachhead, andthen travelled down the island to Shuri just as the Shimazu army haddone. As a result of the two visits I was able to explore locationsassociated with the operation, including Naha Harbour, Shuri palace andthe ancient Okinawan
, sites from which resistance had beenmounted against the invaders. However, the most important researchmaterials I collected could only have been obtained through the kindnessof several people who led me to the extensive, but very obscure, writtenprimary sources. Here I thank in particular Professor Anthony Jenkins andProfessorTillWeber of the University of the Ryūkyūs, together with thestaff of Okinawa Prefectural Library, Okinawa Prefectural Museum andKagoshima Prefectural Library. I was helped enormously in following upthese leads, particularly in my search for illustrations, by Maiko Nishida of Akita International University, whose bibliographic skills led me to booksthat had long been forgotten.These included the only survivingcomplete set of
in Nara Prefectural Library, which I waskindly allowed to photograph. Some of the pictures appear here in amodern printed book for the first time.
A full glossary to the Japanese terms used in this book can be found onpages 60–61.Dates of days and months are given first in the lunar calendar, thenaccording to the Gregorian calendar.Unless indicated otherwise, all the photographs in this volume are fromthe author’s own collection.
Japanese names are written with the family name first. In the case of names of islands, the suffixes -
, all of which mean‘island’, have been retained within the romanised names for clarity, as hasthe suffix -
, meaning‘gateway’.FOR A CATALOGUE OF ALL BOOKS PUBLISHED BY OSPREY MILITARYAND AVIATION PLEASE CONTACT:Osprey Direct, c/o Random House Distribution Center,400 Hahn Road,Westminster, MD 21157Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgOsprey Direct,The Book Service Ltd, Distribution Centre,Colchester Road, Frating Green, Colchester, Essex, CO7 7DWE-mail: email@example.com