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Common Derivatives Integrals

Common Derivatives Integrals

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Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
©
2005 Paul Dawkins
Derivatives
Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules
 
( )
( )
( )
cf x cf xdx
¢=
,
c
is any constant.
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
 f x g x f x g x
¢¢ ¢± = ±
 
( )
1
n n
nxdx
-
=
,
n
is any number.
( )
0
cdx
=
,
c
is any constant.
( )
 f g f g f
¢¢ ¢= +
– 
(Product Rule)
 
2
 f f g f  g
¢¢ ¢æ ö-=ç ÷è ø
– 
(Quotient Rule)
 
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
 f g x f g x g xdx
¢ ¢=
 
(Chain Rule)
 
( )
( )
( )
( )
 g x g x
 g xdx
¢=
ee
 
( )
( )
( )( )
ln
 x g xdx g x
¢=
 
Common Derivatives
 Polynomials
 
( )
0
cdx
=
 
( )
1
 xdx
=
 
( )
cx cdx
=
 
( )
1
n n
nxdx
-
=
 
( )
1
n n
cx ncxdx
-
=
 
Trig Functions
 
( )
sincos
 x xdx
=
 
( )
cossin
 xdx
= -
 
( )
2
tansec
 x xdx
=
 
( )
secsectan
 x x xdx
=
 
( )
csccsccot
 x xdx
= -
 
( )
2
cotcsc
 xdx
= -
 
 Inverse Trig Functions
( )
12
1sin1
 xdxx
-
=-
 
( )
12
1cos1
 xdxx
-
= --
 
( )
12
1tan1
 xdx x
-
=+
 
( )
12
1sec1
 xdxx x
-
=-
 
( )
12
1csc1
 xdxx x
-
= --
 
( )
12
1cot1
 xdx x
-
= -+
 
 Exponential/Logarithm Functions
( )
( )
ln
 x x
a a adx
=
 
( )
 x x
dx
=
ee
 
( )
( )
1ln,0
 x xdx x
= >
 
( )
1ln,0
 x xdx x
= ¹
 
( )
( )
1log,0ln
a
 x xdx x a
= >
 
 Hyperbolic Trig Functions
( )
sinhcosh
 x xdx
=
 
( )
coshsinh
 x xdx
=
 
( )
2
tanhsech
 x xdx
=
 
( )
sechsechtanh
 x xdx
= -
 
( )
cschcschcoth
 x x xdx
= -
 
( )
2
cothcsch
 xdx
= -
 
 
Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
©
2005 Paul Dawkins
Integrals
Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules
 
( ) ( )
cf x dx c f x dx
=
ò ò
,
c
is a constant.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
 f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
± = ±
ò ò ò
 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
bbaa
 f x dx F x F b F a
= = -
ò
where
( ) ( )
 F x f x dx
=
ò
 
( ) ( )
b ba a
cf x dx c f x dx
=
ò ò
,
c
is a constant.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
b b ba a a
 f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
± = ±
ò ò ò
 
( )
0
aa
 f x dx
=
ò
 
( ) ( )
b aa b
 f x dx f x dx
= -
ò ò
 
( ) ( ) ( )
b c ba a c
 f x dx f x dx f x dx
= +
ò ò ò
 
( )
ba
cdx c b a
= -
ò
 If 
( )
0
 f x
³
on
a x b
£ £
then
( )
0
ba
 f x dx
³
ò
 If 
( ) ( )
 f x g x
³
on
a x b
£ £
then
( ) ( )
b ba a
 f x dx g x dx
³
ò ò
 
Common Integrals
 
 Polynomialsdx x c
= +
ò
 
k dx k x c
= +
ò
 
1
1,11
n n
 x dx x c nn
+
= + ¹ -+
ò
 1ln
dx x c x
= +ó ôõ
 
1
ln
 x dx x c
-
= +
ò
 
1
1,11
n n
 x dx x c nn
- - +
= + ¹- +
ò
 11ln
dx ax b cax b a
= + ++ó ôõ
 
1
11
 p p p qq q q pq
q x dx x c x c p q
++
= + = ++ +
ò
 
Trig Functions
cossin
udu u c
= +
ò
sincos
udu u c
= - +
ò
 
2
sectan
udu u c
= +
ò
 sectansec
u udu u c
= +
ò
csccotcsc
u udu u c
= - +
ò
 
2
csccot
udu u c
= - +
ò
 tanlnsec
udu u c
= +
ò
cotlnsin
udu u c
= +
ò
 seclnsectan
udu u u c
= + +
ò
 
( )
3
1secsectanlnsectan2
udu u u u u c
= + + +
ò
 csclncsccot
udu u u c
= - +
ò
 
( )
3
1csccsccotlncsccot2
udu u u u u c
= - + - +
ò
 
 Exponential/Logarithm Functions
u u
du c
= +
ò
ee
 ln
uu
aa du ca
= +
ò
 
( )
lnln
udu u u u c
= - +
ò
 
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
22
sinsincos
auau
bu du a bu b bu ca b
= - ++
ò
ee
 
( )
1
u u
u du u c
= - +
ò
ee
 
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
22
coscossin
auau
bu du a bu b bu ca b
= + ++
ò
ee
 1lnlnln
du u cu u
= +ó ôõ
 
 
Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
©
2005 Paul Dawkins
 Inverse Trig Functions
 
122
1sin
udu caa u
-
æ ö= +ç ÷è ø-ó ôõ
 
112
sinsin1
udu u u u c
- -
= + - +
ò
 
122
11tan
udu ca u a a
-
æ ö= +ç ÷+è øó ôõ
 
( )
112
1tantanln12
udu u u u c
- -
= - + +
ò
 
122
11sec
udu ca au u a
-
æ ö= +ç ÷è ø-ó ôõ
 
112
coscos1
udu u u u c
- -
= - - +
ò
 
 Hyperbolic Trig Functions
 sinhcosh
udu u c
= +
ò
coshsinh
udu u c
= +
ò
 
2
sechtanh
udu u c
= +
ò
 sechtanhsech
udu u c
= - +
ò
cschcothcsch
udu u c
= - +
ò
 
2
cschcoth
udu u c
= - +
ò
 
( )
tanhlncosh
udu u c
= +
ò
 
1
sechtansinh
udu u c
-
= +
ò
 
Miscellaneous
 
22
11ln2
u adu ca u a u a
+= +- -ó ôõ
 
22
11ln2
u adu cu a a u a
-= +- +ó ôõ
 
2222222
ln22
u aa u du a u u a u c
+ = + + + + +
ò
 
2222222
ln22
u au a du u a u u a c
- = - - + - +
ò
 
222221
sin22
u a ua u du a u ca
-
æ ö- = - + +ç ÷è ø
ò
 
2221
22cos22
u a a a uau u du au u ca
-
- -æ ö- = - + +ç ÷è ø
ò
 
Standard Integration Techniques
  Note that all but the first one of these tend to be taught in a Calculus II class.
u Substitution
 Given
( )
( )
( )
ba
 f g x g x dx
¢
ò
then the substitution
( )
u g x
=
will convert this into theintegral,
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
b g ba g a
 f g x g x dx f u du
¢=
ò ò
.
 Integration by Parts
 The standard formulas for integration by parts are,
b bbaa a
udv uv vdu udv uv vdu
= - = -
ò ò ò ò
 Choose
u
and
dv
and then compute
du
by differentiating
u
and compute
v
by using thefact that
v dv
=
ò
.

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