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Common Derivatives Integrals

# Common Derivatives Integrals

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06/16/2009

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Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
2005 Paul Dawkins
Derivatives
Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules

( )
( )
( )
cf x cf xdx
¢=
,
c
is any constant.
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
f x g x f x g x
¢¢ ¢± = ±

( )
1
n n
nxdx
-
=
,
n
is any number.
( )
0
cdx
=
,
c
is any constant.
( )
f g f g f
¢¢ ¢= +
–
(Product Rule)

2
f f g f  g
¢¢ ¢æ ö-=ç ÷è ø
–
(Quotient Rule)

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
f g x f g x g xdx
¢ ¢=

(Chain Rule)

( )
( )
( )
( )
g x g x
g xdx
¢=
ee

( )
( )
( )( )
ln
x g xdx g x
¢=

Common Derivatives
Polynomials

( )
0
cdx
=

( )
1
xdx
=

( )
cx cdx
=

( )
1
n n
nxdx
-
=

( )
1
n n
cx ncxdx
-
=

Trig Functions

( )
sincos
x xdx
=

( )
cossin
xdx
= -

( )
2
tansec
x xdx
=

( )
secsectan
x x xdx
=

( )
csccsccot
x xdx
= -

( )
2
cotcsc
xdx
= -

Inverse Trig Functions
( )
12
1sin1
xdxx
-
=-

( )
12
1cos1
xdxx
-
= --

( )
12
1tan1
xdx x
-
=+

( )
12
1sec1
xdxx x
-
=-

( )
12
1csc1
xdxx x
-
= --

( )
12
1cot1
xdx x
-
= -+

Exponential/Logarithm Functions
( )
( )
ln
x x
=

( )
x x
dx
=
ee

( )
( )
1ln,0
x xdx x
= >

( )
1ln,0
x xdx x
= ¹

( )
( )
1log,0ln
a
x xdx x a
= >

Hyperbolic Trig Functions
( )
sinhcosh
x xdx
=

( )
coshsinh
x xdx
=

( )
2
tanhsech
x xdx
=

( )
sechsechtanh
x xdx
= -

( )
cschcschcoth
x x xdx
= -

( )
2
cothcsch
xdx
= -

Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
2005 Paul Dawkins
Integrals
Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules

( ) ( )
cf x dx c f x dx
=
ò ò
,
c
is a constant.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
± = ±
ò ò ò

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
bbaa
f x dx F x F b F a
= = -
ò
where
( ) ( )
F x f x dx
=
ò

( ) ( )
b ba a
cf x dx c f x dx
=
ò ò
,
c
is a constant.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
b b ba a a
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
± = ±
ò ò ò

( )
0
aa
f x dx
=
ò

( ) ( )
b aa b
f x dx f x dx
= -
ò ò

( ) ( ) ( )
b c ba a c
f x dx f x dx f x dx
= +
ò ò ò

( )
ba
cdx c b a
= -
ò
If
( )
0
f x
³
on
a x b
£ £
then
( )
0
ba
f x dx
³
ò
If
( ) ( )
f x g x
³
on
a x b
£ £
then
( ) ( )
b ba a
f x dx g x dx
³
ò ò

Common Integrals

Polynomialsdx x c
= +
ò

k dx k x c
= +
ò

1
1,11
n n
x dx x c nn
+
= + ¹ -+
ò
1ln
dx x c x
= +ó ôõ

1
ln
x dx x c
-
= +
ò

1
1,11
n n
x dx x c nn
- - +
= + ¹- +
ò
11ln
dx ax b cax b a
= + ++ó ôõ

1
11
p p p qq q q pq
q x dx x c x c p q
++
= + = ++ +
ò

Trig Functions
cossin
udu u c
= +
ò
sincos
udu u c
= - +
ò

2
sectan
udu u c
= +
ò
sectansec
u udu u c
= +
ò
csccotcsc
u udu u c
= - +
ò

2
csccot
udu u c
= - +
ò
tanlnsec
udu u c
= +
ò
cotlnsin
udu u c
= +
ò
seclnsectan
udu u u c
= + +
ò

( )
3
1secsectanlnsectan2
udu u u u u c
= + + +
ò
csclncsccot
udu u u c
= - +
ò

( )
3
1csccsccotlncsccot2
udu u u u u c
= - + - +
ò

Exponential/Logarithm Functions
u u
du c
= +
ò
ee
ln
uu
aa du ca
= +
ò

( )
lnln
udu u u u c
= - +
ò

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
22
sinsincos
auau
bu du a bu b bu ca b
= - ++
ò
ee

( )
1
u u
u du u c
= - +
ò
ee

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
22
coscossin
auau
bu du a bu b bu ca b
= + ++
ò
ee
1lnlnln
du u cu u
= +ó ôõ

Common Derivatives and IntegralsVisithttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edufor a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.
2005 Paul Dawkins
Inverse Trig Functions

122
1sin
udu caa u
-
æ ö= +ç ÷è ø-ó ôõ

112
sinsin1
udu u u u c
- -
= + - +
ò

122
11tan
udu ca u a a
-
æ ö= +ç ÷+è øó ôõ

( )
112
1tantanln12
udu u u u c
- -
= - + +
ò

122
11sec
udu ca au u a
-
æ ö= +ç ÷è ø-ó ôõ

112
coscos1
udu u u u c
- -
= - - +
ò

Hyperbolic Trig Functions
sinhcosh
udu u c
= +
ò
coshsinh
udu u c
= +
ò

2
sechtanh
udu u c
= +
ò
sechtanhsech
udu u c
= - +
ò
cschcothcsch
udu u c
= - +
ò

2
cschcoth
udu u c
= - +
ò

( )
tanhlncosh
udu u c
= +
ò

1
sechtansinh
udu u c
-
= +
ò

Miscellaneous

22
11ln2
u adu ca u a u a
+= +- -ó ôõ

22
11ln2
u adu cu a a u a
-= +- +ó ôõ

2222222
ln22
u aa u du a u u a u c
+ = + + + + +
ò

2222222
ln22
u au a du u a u u a c
- = - - + - +
ò

222221
sin22
u a ua u du a u ca
-
æ ö- = - + +ç ÷è ø
ò

2221
22cos22
u a a a uau u du au u ca
-
- -æ ö- = - + +ç ÷è ø
ò

Standard Integration Techniques
Note that all but the first one of these tend to be taught in a Calculus II class.
u Substitution
Given
( )
( )
( )
ba
f g x g x dx
¢
ò
then the substitution
( )
u g x
=
will convert this into theintegral,
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
b g ba g a
f g x g x dx f u du
¢=
ò ò
.
Integration by Parts
The standard formulas for integration by parts are,
b bbaa a
udv uv vdu udv uv vdu
= - = -
ò ò ò ò
Choose
u
and
dv
and then compute
du
by differentiating
u
and compute
v
by using thefact that
v dv
=
ò
.