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Table Of Contents

Figure 1.2 Types of storage tank
2.3 Design Codes and Standards
2.4 Floating Roof Tanks
2.4.1 History and Introduction
2.4.2 Principles of the Floating Roof
2.4.3 Advantages of the floating roof storage tank
2.5 Design Data Overview
2.6 Process Description and Requirements
Figure 1.8 Storage Tank Capacities and Levels
2.7 Process Description and Design Considerations
Figure 1.9 Schematic Sketch of the Stabilised Condensate Tank
Table 1.2 Nozzle Data
2.8 Material Selection and Corrosion Assessment
2.8.1 CO2 Corrosion
2.8.2 Carbon Dioxide Corrosion Modeling
2.9 Mechanical Selection of Carbon Steel Grade
Table 1.5 Material Specifications for Stabilised Condensate Tank
2.10 Mechanical Design
Table 1.7 Bake Bean Can and Storage Tank Comparison Table
2.11 Tank Shell Design Method as Per API 650
2.11.1 Calculation of thickness by 1-Foot Method
2.11.3 Calculation of thickness by Elastic Analysis
2.12 Mechanical Design Consideration
Figure 1.12 Loading Diagram on a Tank Shell
2.13 Bottom Plate Design
2.13.1 Vertical Bending of Shell
2.14 Floating Roof Design
Figure 1.14 Single Deck Roof Sagged with Flooding Rain Water
2.15 Special Consideration
2.15.1 Soil Settlement
2.15.2 Seismic Design For Floating Roof
2.16 Failure Modes Due To Seismic Effects On Floating Roof Tank
Figure 1.17 Diamond buckling (slender tanks)
Figure 1.18 Elephant-foot buckling (broad tanks)
2.17 Fitting Design and Requirement
2.18 Typical Fitting and Accessories For Floating Roof
2.18.1 Roof Seal System
2.18.2 Support Leg
Figure 1.23 Lateral Deflection of Supporting Leg
2.18.3 Roof Drain System
Figure 1.24 Articulated Piping System
Figure 1.25 Flexible Steel Pipe System Inside the Tank
Figure 1.26 Articulated drain pipe system installed inside the tank
2.18.4 Vent – Bleeder Vents
2.18.5 Centering and Anti-Rotation Device
2.18.6 Rolling Ladder and Gauger Platform
2.19 Fire Fighting System and Foam Dam
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Shell Design
3.2.1 Longitudinal Stress
3.2.2 Circumferential Stress
3.2.3 Longitudinal Stress versus Circumferential Stress
Figure 2.4 Diagrammatic sketch of shell wall with design thickness
Figure 2.6 Fabricated Tee Girder for Top Wind Girder
3.2.6.2 Intermediate Wind Girder
Figure 2.7 Height of transform shell
Figure 2.8 Fabricated Tee Girder for Intermediate Wind Girder
3.2.7 Overturning Stability against Wind Load
Figure 2.9 Overturning check on tank due to wind load
3.2.8 Seismic Design
3.2.8.2 Overturning Stability
3.2.8.3 Design Spectral Accelerations
3.2.8.4 Parameter Required for Seismic Design
Figure 2.14 Response Spectrum Curve
3.2.8.5 Effective Weight of Product
3.2.8.6 Center of Action for Effective Lateral Forces
3.2.8.7 Ring Wall Moment
3.2.8.8 Base Shear Force
3.2.8.9 Resistance to Overturning
Figure 2.18 Annular Plate Requirement
3.2.8.10 Anchorage Design
3.2.8.11 Freeboard
Figure 2.19 Sloshing Wave of Liquid Inside Tank
3.2.8.12 Seismic Design Summary
3.3 Roof Design
3.3.1 Roof Type Selection
3.3.2 Pontoon and Center Deck Design
Figure 3.2 Center deck and 2 adjacent compartments puncture
3.3.2.1 Roof Stress Design
Figure 3.5 Case 2 – Dead Load + 10” Rain Accumulation
3.3.2.2 Effect of Large Deflection on Center Deck
Figure 3.6 (a) Deck Deflection in Case 1
Figure 3.6 (b) Deck Deflection in Case 2
3.3.2.3 Pontoon Stability – Pontoon Ring Design
Figure 3.7 Radial Forces Acting on Pontoon Inner Rim
Table 3.2 Summary Result for Pontoon Ring Stability
3.3.3 Fitting and Accessories Design
Figure 3.9 Standard Fitting and Accessories for Single Deck Roof
3.3.3.1 Roof Seal System
3.3.3.2 Roof Seal Material
3.3.3.3 Roof Support Leg
Figure 3.17 Number and Location of Support Legs
Table 3.5 Summary Result for Roof Support Legs
3.3.3.4 Venting System
3.3.3.4.1 Operation of Bleeder Vent
Figure 3.18 (a) Operating of Bleeder Vent during In-Breathing (Starting)
Figure 3.19 (a) Operating of Bleeder Vent during Out-Breathing (Starting)
3.3.3.4.2 Bleeder Vent Design
3.3.3.5 Roof Drain System
3.3.3.5.1 Articulated Piping System
Figure 3.21 Articulated Drain Pipe System
Figure 3.22 (a) Typical Swing Joint in Articulated Drain Pipe System
3.3.3.5.2 Flexible Drain Pipe System
Figure 3.23 Flexible Drain Pipe System
Figure 3.30 (a) Fire Protection for Floating Roof Tank
Figure 4.2 Tank Foundation with anchor bolt installed
Figure 4.4 Bottom Plate Laid on Foundation
CHAPTER 6: CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
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38785106 API Tank Design

38785106 API Tank Design

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