The International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement
is made up of theInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), theInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties (IFRC) and the National Societies.
The International Committee o the RedCross
is an impartial, neutral and independentorganization whose exclusively humanitarianmission is to protect the lives and dignity o victims o armed confict and other situations o violence and to provide them with assistance.The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suering bypromoting and strengthening humanitarian lawand universal humanitarian principles. Establishedin 1863, the ICRC is at the origin o the GenevaConventions and the International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinatesthe international activities conducted by theMovement in armed conficts and other situationso violence.
The International Federation o Red Crossand Red Crescent Societies
works on the basiso the Fundamental Principles o the InternationalRed Cross and Red Crescent Movement to inspire,acilitate and promote all humanitarian activitiescarried out by its member National Societies toimprove the situation o the most vulnerablepeople. Founded in 1919, the IFRC directs andcoordinates international assistance o theMovement to victims o natural and technologicaldisasters, to reugees and in health emergencies.It acts as the o cial representative o its membersocieties in the international eld. It promotescooperation between National Societies andworks to strengthen their capacity to carry outeective disaster preparedness, health and socialprogrammes.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
is guided by seven Fundamental Principles:
humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity
All Red Cross and Red Crescent activities have one central purpose:
to help without discrimination those who sufer and thus contribute to peace in the world.
International Federation ofRed Cross and Red Crescent Societies
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
embody the work and principles o theInternational Red Cross and Red CrescentMovement in more than 186 countries. NationalSocieties act as auxiliaries to the public authoritieso their own countries in the humanitarian eldand provide a range o services including disasterrelie, health and social programmes. Duringwartime, National Societies assist the aectedcivilian population and support the army medicalservices where appropriate.