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Sydney Observatory teachers notes 2012

Sydney Observatory teachers notes 2012

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Published by Powerhouse Museum
Notes for teachers planning astronomy- or weather-themed school group visits to Sydney Observatory. 17 pages.
Notes for teachers planning astronomy- or weather-themed school group visits to Sydney Observatory. 17 pages.

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Published by: Powerhouse Museum on Dec 13, 2011
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01/12/2012

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 SMGT SN EAANR AER \E^R KOG[[
[|d`n| Eb{nrqgter| enr{ nd~kgtle`go te~r{betm dg| g`d `lcmt. Dg|tlin te~r{ kg` bn beehndIe`dg| te Arldg| d~rl`c {kmeeo tnri{ er ~v te=6 {t~dn`t{ {tgrtl`c gt 76.66 gi er 72.66 `ee`. Snnhn`d te~r{ kg` bn grrg`cnd er ke~`tr|{kmeeo{. @lcmt te~r {n{{le` tlin{ qgr| tmre~cme~ttmn |ngr dnvn`dl`c e` dg|olcmt {gql`c g`d {tgrt gt1.7> vi er =.7> vi -n}knvt Dnknibnr g`d Jg`~gr| smlkm {tgrt gt =.;6 vi,.Ngkm <6)il`~tn dg| te~r kg` bn tgloernd te |e~r {t~dn`t{ `nnd{ g`d l{ c~ldnd b| g` g{tre`ei|nd~kgter.
[nn vgcn 73 aer beehl`c dntglo{.
VRECRGI EQNRQLNS
 G{tre`ei| te~r
-{nn vgcn 3 aer dntglo{,
•Te~reatmng{tre`ei|l`{tr~in`t{e`dl{vog|
l` tmn Eb{nrqgter|
•;)D[vgknTmngtrn•Vog`ntgrl~i•Tnon{kevnqlnsl`c
 Sngtmnr te~r
-{nn vgcn < aer dntglo{,
•Ql{lttmn
Eb{nrql`c tmn sngtmnr 
l`tnrgktlqn g`dml{terlk n}mlbltle` gt tmn Eb{nrqgter|
•Dgtgkeoonktle`~{l`cEb{nrqgter|nw~lvin`t•;)D[vgknTmngtrn•Ql{ltte`ngrb|B~rng~eaIntnereoec|
l`{tr~in`t ogs`
 Go{egqglogbongrnjel`tql{lt{sltmtmnVesnrme~{n
I~{n~i/ LIG]/ [|d`n| Ongr`l`c Gdqn`t~rn{/ G~{trgolg` @gtle`go Igrltlin I~{n~i
-{nn vgcn >aer dntglo{,.
;)D [vgkn Tmngtrn
-{nn vgcn 77 aer dntglo{,
Vreqldl`cg`gigzl`c;)D{vgknn}vnrln`kn/tmn
;)D tmngtrn tnkm`eoec| sg{ dnqnoevnd l` G~{trgolg b| tmn Kn`trn er G{trevm|{lk{ g`d[~vnrkeiv~tl`c gt tmn [sl`b~r`n L`{tlt~tn e 
Tnkm`eoec|l`Inobe~r`ng`d{mes{{mertoi{
e` tmn {eogr {|{tni/ {vgkn n}voergtle` g`dke{ieoec|.
Vog`ntgrl~i
Tml{l{g`g{tre`einrondn}vnrln`knl`gke{|vog`ntgrl~i.Tmn{tgrnodk|ol`dnr~{ndl`ko~dn{
g` n}trgerdl`grlo| vrnkl{n dnvlktle` e tmn Iloh| Sg| bg{nd e` tmn bng~tl~o goo){h| vg`ergig{krngtnd b| g{trevmetecrgvmnr Dr G}no Inool`cnr.
Tnon{kevn{
-{nn vgcn 7; aer dntglo{,
TmnEb{nrqgter|mg{tsea~`ktle`l`ctnon{kevndein{.Tmneodnr{e~tmdein`esme~{n{tmn
eodn{t serhl`c tnon{kevn l` G~{trgolg/ g 2<6 ii er 
77.>l`kmrnargktl`ctnon{kevn.Tmn`ertmdein
me~{n{ g 466 ii keiv~tnr ke`treoond [kmildtKg{{ncrgl` rnanktl`c tnon{kevn g`d g Kere`gde[eogr tnon{kevn er {gn qlnsl`c e tmn [~` d~rl`ctmn dg|.
L@ TMN[N @ETN[ \E^ SLOO AL@D
•K~rrlk~o~iol`h{—vgcn2•Jel`tdl{ke~`tql{lt{—vgcn>•Eb{nrqgter|eervog`{—vgcn1•G{tre`ei|te~r{‛vgcn3•Sngtmnrte~r{—vgcn<•;)D[vgknTmngtrn—vgcn77•Bgkhcre~`dl`aerigtle`—vgcn7;•G{tre`ei|rn{e~rkn{—vgcn7>
[kmeeo ql{lt{
TNGKMNR[ @ETN[
[eogr[|{tniIe`tgcn.Vmeteke~rtn{|Cntt|.
 
[\D@N\EB[NRQGTER\TNGKMNR[@ETN[
2
Tmng{tre`ei|g`dintnereoec|n}mlbltle`{kg`
bn ng{lo| l`tncrgtnd l`te ke`tn`t {trg`d{/ ~`lt{ e  serh er grng{ e tngkml`c g`d ongr`l`c l` tmneooesl`c {|oogb~{ grng{:
[KLN@KN G@D TNKM@EOEC\ -\NGR[ H‛1,
B~lot n`qlre`in`t{ -[tgcn 2 g`d ;,
•b~lodl`c{g`dtmn{vgkn{sltml`g`d{~rre~`dl`c
tmn{n b~lodl`c{/ nc mein{/ {kmeeo{/ keii~`lt|gkloltln{ g`d gkterln{/ vgrh{ g`d cgrdn`{.
•`gt~rgon`qlre`in`t{tmgtmgqnbnn`iedlnd
te {~lt vgrtlk~ogr `nnd{/ nc og`d kongrnd er gril`c g`d gotnrnd sgtnrsg|{
•{nrqlkn{vreqldndtekeii~`ltln{/ncnonktrlklt|/
 sgtnr/ ntk
L`erigtle` g`d keii~`lkgtle`{ -[tgcn 2 g`d ;,
•tmn`gt~rneakeii~`lkgtle`{•intmed{eakeii~`lkgtl`cbntsnn`l`dlqld~go{/
cre~v{ g`d keii~`ltln{/ nc vnr{e`goke`qnr{gtle`/ tnonvme`n{/ {gtnooltn ol`h)~v{
•kmg`cn{tel`aerigtle`g`dkeii~`lkgtle`
tnkm`eoec| eqnr tlin.
Vm|{lkgo vmn`ein`g -[tgcn 2 g`d ;,
•rnogtle`{mlv{bntsnn`tlin/{vgkng`d
ieqnin`t
•{e~rkn{ean`nrc|•olcmtg`d{einealt{kmgrgktnrl{tlk{•mngtg`d{einealt{kmgrgktnrl{tlk{
Ngrtm g`d lt{ {~rre~`dl`c{ -[tgcn 7/ 2 g`d ;,
•tmn{eogr{|{tni/vog`nt{/Ngrtm/Iee`g`d{tgr{•g{vnkt{eatmnvm|{lkgon`qlre`in`t/nctmn
Ngrtm“{ kr~{t/ lt{ ekng`{ g`d gtie{vmnrn
•`gt~rgokmg`cn{tmgtekk~r/{~kmg{{elonre{le`/
qeokg`lk nr~vtle`/ koligtlk kmg`cn{ g`dieqnin`t e sgtnr 
•tmnvg{{l`ceatling`dtmn`gt~rgonqn`t{tmgt
ighn vnevon gsgrn e tml{ vg{{l`c/ nc dglo|k|kon{/ o~`gr k|kon{ g`d {ng{e`{
•tmnqgrlnt|g`dkmgrgktnrl{tlk{ea`gt~rgoo|
ekk~rrl`c igtnrlgo{
•tmnintmed{vnevon~{nteebtgl`g`dvrekn{{
igtnrlgo{
•tmnintmed{vnevon~{nteig`gcn`gt~rgo
rn{e~rkn{
•oliltgtle`{tern{e~rkn{gqglogbone`Ngrtm•rn`nsgbonrn{e~rkn{.
[~ccn{tnd ~`lt{ e serh:
•[tgcn7MeterKeod/GVogknl`Tlin•[tgcn2Hnnvl`Te~km/K|kon{l`e~rSerod•[tgcn;E~tl`[vgkn/Smgt“{tmnSngtmnr 
M^IG@ [EKLNT\ G@D LT[N@QLRE@IN@T M[LN -H‛1,
[tgcn 2
Kmg`cn g`d Ke`tl`~lt|/ [lc`lakg`t Nqn`t{ g`dVnevon
•KK[2.7Dn{krlbn{nqn`t{g`dgktle`{rnogtndtetmnBrltl{mkeoe`l{gtle`eaG~{trgolgg`dg{{n{{n{kmg`cn{g`dke`{nw~n`kn{.
Kmg`cn g`d Ke`tl`~lt| Tlin g`d Kmg`cn
•KK[2.2N}vogl`{kmg`cn{l`tmnkeii~`lt|g`d
gilo| oln g`d nqgo~gtn{ tmn nnkt{ e tmn{n e`dlnrn`t l`dlqld~go{/ cre~v{ g`dn`qlre`in`t{.
N`qlre`in`t{/ Vgttnr`{ e Vogkn g`d Oekgtle`
•N@[2.>Dn{krlbn{vogkn{l`tmnoekgogrngg`d
etmnr vgrt{ e G~{trgolg g`d n}vogl`{ tmnlr 
{lc`lkg`kn.
[tgcn ;
Kmg`cn g`d Ke`tl`~lt| K~ot~rn{ [lc`lakg`tNqn`t{ g`d Vnevon.
•KK[;.7N}vogl`{tmn{lc`lkg`kneavgrtlk~ogr
vnevon/ cre~v{/ vogkn{/ gktle`{ g`d nqn`t{ l`tmn vg{t l` dnqnoevl`c G~{trgolg` ldn`tltln{g`d mnrltgcn.
Kmg`cn g`d Ke`tl`~lt| K~ot~rn{ K~ot~rgoDlqnr{lt|.
•K^[;.4N}gil`n{mesk~ot~rn{kmg`cntmre~cm
l`tnrgktle`{ sltm etmnr k~ot~rn{ g`d tmnn`qlre`in`t.
IGTMNIGTLK[ -H‛6,
Ngro| [tgcn 7 Ing{~rnin`t: Tlin
•Dn{krlbntmnd~rgtle`eanqn`t{~{l`cnqnr|dg|
og`c~gcn
•[nw~n`knnqn`t{l`tlin•@gindg|{eatmnsnnhg`d{ng{e`{
K^RRLK^O^I OL@H[
 
[\D@N\EB[NRQGTER\TNGKMNR[@ETN[
;
[tgcn 7 Ing{~rnin`t: Tlin
•^{nl`aerigo~`lt{teing{~rng`dkeivgrn
tmn d~rgtle` e nqn`t{
•@ging`derdnrtmnie`tm{g`d{ng{e`{ea
tmn |ngr 
•Ldn`tla|tmndg|g`ddgtne`gkgon`dgr 
[tgcn 2 Ing{~rnin`t: Tlin
•Rnkec`l{ntmnkeerdl`gtndieqnin`t{eatmn
mg`d{ e` g koekh
•Rngdg`drnkerdtlin~{l`cdlcltgog`dg`goec
`etgtle`
•Ke`qnrtbntsnn`~`lt{eatlin•Rngdg`dl`tnrvrnt{livontlintgbon{/
tlinol`n{ g`d kgon`dgr{
[tgcn ; Ing{~rnin`t: Tlin
•Ke`qnrtbntsnn`gi%vi`etgtle`g`d24)me~r
tlin
•Keivgrnqgrle~{tlinze`n{l`G~{trgolg/
l`ko~dl`c d~rl`c dg|olcmt {gql`c
•Drgsg`dl`tnrvrntgtlinol`n~{l`cg{kgon•^{ntlintgbon{l`qeoql`c24)me~rtlin
[tgcn 4 Ing{~rnin`t: Tlin
•Vnraerievnrgtle`{l`qeoql`ctlin~`lt{•^{nl`tnr`gtle`gotlinze`n{tekeivgrntlin{•L`tnrvrntgqgrlnt|eatgbon{g`dkmgrt{rnogtnd
te tlin
[tgcn 4 Dgtg: Dgtg
•Drgs/rngdg`dl`tnrvrntcrgvm{-ol`n/{nkter/
trgqno/ {tnv/ ke`qnr{le`/ dlqldnd bgr/ det voet{g`d {tni)g`d)ong voet{,/ tgbon{ g`d kmgrt{
•Dl{tl`c~l{mbntsnn`t|vn{eaqgrlgbon{~{ndl`
crgvm{
•Ldn`tla|il{rnvrn{n`tgtle`eadgtgl`crgvm{
[tgcn 2 [vgkn g`d Cneintr|: Ve{ltle`{
•Dntnril`ntmndlrnktle`{@/[/Ng`dS8@N/
@S/ [N g`d [S/ clqn` e`n e tmn dlrnktle`{
•Dn{krlbntmnoekgtle`eag`ebjnkte`g{livon
igv ~{l`c keerdl`gtn{ er dlrnktle`{
[KLN@KN -3‛76,
•E~tkein4.7—Ldn`tln{ml{terlkgon}givon{eames{kln`tlkh`esondcnmg{kmg`cnd
vnevon“{ ~`dnr{tg`dl`c e tmn serod
•E~tkein>.7—N}vogl`{mes{eklgoagkter{
l`a~n`kn tmn dnqnoevin`t g`d gkknvtg`kn e 
{kln`tlkldng{•E~tkein4.2—^{n{n}givon{teloo~{trgtn
mes iedno{/ tmnerln{ g`d ogs{ ke`trlb~tn te g`~`dnr{tg`dl`c e vmn`ein`g
•E~tkein>.2—Dn{krlbn{tmnvrekn{{n{tmgt
grn gvvolnd te tn{t g`d qgoldgtn iedno{/tmnerln{ g`d ogs{
•E~tkein4.4—Ldn`tln{kmelkn{igdnb|vnevonsltmrncgrdte{kln`tlkdnqnoevin`t{•E~tkein>.4—Dl{k~{{n{{kln`tlknqldn`kn
{~vvertl`c dlnrn`t qlnsvel`t{
•E~tkein4.1—Ldn`tln{g`ddn{krlbn{
n`nrc| kmg`cn{ g`d tmn gktle` e erkn{ l`keiie` {lt~gtle`{
•E~tkein>.1—Gvvoln{iedno{/tmnerln{g`d
ogs{ te {lt~gtle`{ l`qeoql`c n`nrc|/ erkn g`dietle`
•E~tkein4.<—Dn{krlbn{tmnd|`gilk
{tr~kt~rn e Ngrtm g`d lt{ rnogtle`{mlv te etmnr vgrt{ e e~r {eogr {|{tni g`d tmn ~`lqnr{n
•E~tkein>.<—Rnogtn{tmndnqnoevin`tea
tmn ~`lqnr{n g`d tmn d|`gilk {tr~kt~rn e Ngrtm te iedno{/ tmnerln{ g`d ogs{ g`d tmnl`a~n`kn e tlin
•E~tkein4.72—Ldn`tln{/~{l`cn}givon{/
keiie` {livon dnqlkn{ g`d n}vogl`{ sm| tmn|grn ~{nd
•E~tkein>.72—Rnogtn{tmnl`tnrgktle`{
l`qeoqnd l` ~{l`c {ein keiie` tnkm`eoecln{
tetmnlr~`dnro|l`c{kln`tlkvrl`klvon{•E~tkein4.7;—Kogrln{tmnv~rve{neag`
l`qn{tlcgtle` g`d/ sltm c~ldg`kn/ vred~kn{ gvog` te l`qn{tlcgtn g vreboni
•E~tkein>.7;—Ldn`tln{gvrebonig`d
l`dnvn`dn`to| vred~kn{ g` gvvrevrlgtnl`qn{tlcgtle` vog`
•E~tkein4.7>—^{n{clqn`krltnrlgtecgtmnrr{t)mg`ddgtg•E~tkein>.7>—Cgtmnr{r{t)mg`ddgtg
gkk~rgtno|
•E~tkein4.71—Gkkn{{n{l`aerigtle`areildn`tlnd{nke`dgr|{e~rkn{•E~tkein>.71—Gkkn{{n{l`aerigtle`areig
 sldn qgrlnt| e {nke`dgr| {e~rkn{
•E~tkein4.22—^`dnrtghn{gqgrlnt|ea
l`dlqld~go g`d tngi tg{h{ sltm c~ldg`kn
•E~tkein>.22—Vog`{/livonin`t{g`d
nqgo~gtn{ tmn nnktlqn`n{{ e g qgrlnt| e tg{h{l`dnvn`dn`to| g`d g{ g tngi inibnr 

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