Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual

Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3|Likes:
Published by Farid Farjad

More info:

Published by: Farid Farjad on Dec 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/03/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual
Cooling Tower Technical Site of Daeil Aqua Co., Ltd. forCooling Tower Engineers, Operators and Purchasers
 
Index of Cooling Tower Thermal Design
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
[
]
Copyright ©2000-2003Daeil Aqua Co., Ltd. All rights reserved
http://myhome.hanafos.com/~criok/english/publication/thermal/thermallisteng.html10/05/2004 11:58:06 a.m.
 
Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual
Cooling Tower Technical Site of Daeil Aqua Co., Ltd. forCooling Tower Engineers, Operators and Purchasers
[
][
][
]
Preface to Fifth Edition
This engineering book was prepared for educating the cooling tower engineers of a company inTaiwan. So, this deals with a very specific subjects, which were never written as of now. I preparedthe documents so that the engineers can easily understand the cooling tower theory and can makethe design program by themselves through the actual examples. All were run on MS Excel and youwill see this new approach in computerizing the cooling tower thermal design. You can downloadall the examples through this homepage.The major concern during I study the cooling tower theory was how to computerize the coolingtower theory from the calculation of NTU to the cooling tower performance analysis. If you readthis book carefully, you can make any cooling tower design programs by yourself.Again, this will be a first issue releasing the actual engineering approach of cooling tower with theexamples in the world. If any questions on this issue, please send your mail to me.[
] [
][
][
]
Copyright ©2000-2003Daeil Aqua Co., Ltd. All rights reserved
http://myhome.hanafos.com/~criok/english/publication/thermal/thermal0eng.html10/05/2004 11:59:57 a.m.
 
Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual
Cooling Tower Technical Site of Daeil Aqua Co., Ltd. forCooling Tower Engineers, Operators and Purchasers
[
] [
][
][
]
1. Psychrometrics
Psychrometrics deals with thermodynamic properties of moist air and uses these properties toanalyze conditions and process involving moist air. Atmospheric air contains many gasescomponents as well as water vapor and miscellaneous contaminants (e.g., smoke, pollen andgaseous pollutants). Dry air exists when all water vapor and contaminants have been removedfrom atmospheric air. The composition of dry air is relatively constant, but small variations inthe amounts of individual components occur with time, geographic location, and altitude. Theapparent molecular mass or weighted average molecular weight of all components, for dry air is28.9645, based on the carbon-12 scale. The gas constant for dry air, based on the carbon-12scale is 1545.32/28.9645 =53.352 ft lbf / lbm
o
R.Moist air is a binary mixture of dry air and water vapor. The amount of water vapor in moist airvaries from zero (dry air) to a maximum that depends on temperature and pressure. The lattercondition refers to saturation, a state of neutral equilibrium between moist air and the condensedwater phase. Unless otherwise stated, saturation refers to a flat interface surface between themoist air and the condensed phase. The molecular weight of water is 18.01528 on the carbon-12scale. The gas constant for water vapor is 1545.32/18.01528 = 85.778 ft lbf / lbm
o
RThe temperature and barometric pressure of atmospheric air vary considerably with altitude aswell as with local geographic and weather conditions. The standard atmospheric gives astandard of reference for estimating properties at various altitudes. At sea level, standardtemperature is 59
o
F; standard barometric pressure is 29.921 inch Hg. The temperature isassumed to decrease linearly with increasing altitude throughout the troposphere (loweratmosphere), and to be constant in the lower reaches of the stratosphere. The lower atmosphereis assumed to constant of dry air that behaves as a perfect gas. Gravity is also assumed constantat the standard value, 32.1740 ft/s
2
.Humidity ratio (alternatively, the moisture content or mixing ratio) is defined as the ratio of themass of water vapor to the mass of dry air. Specific humidity is the ratio of the mass of watervapor to the total mass of the moist air. Absolute humidity (alternatively, water vapor density) isthe ratio of the mass of water vapor to the total volume of the moist air. Saturation humidityratio is the humidity ratio of moist air saturated with respect to water at the same temperatureand pressure. Degree of saturation is the ratio of the air humidity ratio to humidity ratio of saturated air at the same temperature and pressure. Relative humidity is the ratio of the molefraction of water vapor in a given moist air to the mole fraction in an air saturated at the sametemperature and pressure.The enthalpy of a mixture air is the sum of the individual partial enthalpies for dry air and forsaturated water vapor at the temperature of the mixture.
Example 1-1
. Calculate the air density, specific volume, and enthalpy in US units at the ambientconditions of DBT 87.8
o
F, RH 80% and sea level.
http://myhome.hanafos.com/~criok/english/publication/thermal/thermal1eng.html (1 of 3)10/05/2004 12:00:23 p.m.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->