Christy ArmstrongHUMN-201-05C. NorwoodNovember 22, 2009
Socrates’ Unapologetic Apology
In 399 B.C., Plato wrote a dialogue called
that chronicled the trial andde
fense of Socrates. While the court’s ultimate decision to sentence him to
death is not anunheard of conce
pt in today’s American society because
America practices capital punishment,the c
ause for Socrates’
sentence can be. While America believes in a separation of church andstate, church and the state were one and the same in ancient Greece because its citizens allowedreligion to permeate every part of their lives.The main charges against Socrates were of corrupting the youth, not recognizing theexistence of gods that were recognized by the government, and introducing new deities. Theseaccusations carried more weight than just those of moral rights and wrongs. These were mattersof the heart and mind, and the gods were more than just deities to worship occasionally.Worshipping gods was a part of everyday life in ancient Greece.Ancient Greeks generally held the belief of Polytheism, the belief that there are multiplegods. Through making sacrifices, saying prayers, dancing and processions they showed theirappreciations for many gods at once during the course of an average day.Like the other Mediterranean religions, Greek religion was formal, ritualistic, andcommunal, not private and meditative (Pomeroy 63).
Unlike Christianity’s emphasis on
having a personal relationship with one God, they feared andtried to appease multiple gods through their actions. Any dissention about the existence of one ora few gods would have spurred on a major disagreement, as the very worship of them wasingrained in their culture.