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EU Directive IP 07 1575

EU Directive IP 07 1575

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Published by eclarke04

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Published by: eclarke04 on Dec 14, 2011
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Making Europe more attractiveto highly skilled migrants andincreasing the protection of lawfully residing and workingmigrants.
Today the Commission adopted two legislative proposals in thearea of economic migration. The first proposal aims at establishing a Framework Directive for the purpose of admission
of highly qualified migrants to the EU, creating the EU Blue Card.The second proposal is a Directive establishing a singleapplication procedure for a single residence and work permit and a common set of rights for third-country workers legally residingin a Member State.
Commission President José Manuel Barroso underlined: "
Labour migrationinto Europe boosts our competitiveness and therefore our economic growth. It also helps tackle demographic problems resulting from our ageing population. This is particularly the case for highly skilled labour.With today's proposal for an EU Blue Card we send a clear signal: highly 
skilled migrants are welcome in the EU! We are also proposing is to give aclear set of rights to all third country nationals who legally reside in theEU. This will protect EU citizens from unfair competition in the labour market and promote the integration of migrants into our societies
."Vice-President Franco Frattini, the Commissioner responsible for Freedom,
Security and Justice, stated that “
Europe's ability to attract highly skilled migrants is a measure of its international strength. We want Europe tobecome at least as attractive as favourite migration destinations such as Australia, Canada and the USA. We have to make highly skilled workerschange their perception of Europe's labour market governed as they areby inconsistent admission procedures. Failing this, Europe will continue toreceive low-skilled and medium-skilled migrants only. A new vision and new tools are indispensable for reversing this trend. We will also minimisethe risk of brain drain from developing countries. This is what we are
 proposing today.” 
He went on to add that
"the second proposal ensuresthat ALL migrants who come to reside and work legally in the EU should enjoy basic, work-related socio-economic rights. There can be nobalanced and fair labour migration policy unless Europe is ready and willing to defend the most vulnerable third-country workers
Admission of highly skilled immigrants
The proposal for a Directive on the admission of highly skilled immigrantsseeks to establish more attractive entry and residence conditions forthird-country nationals to take up highly qualified employment in EUMember States
"EU Blue Card".The proposal does not create the right of admission. The scheme isentirely demand-driven, fully respectful of the principle of Communitypreference and Member States' jurisdiction to decide on the numbers of persons admitted. Since labour market needs differ from Member State toMember State, the proposed common system is flexible and centredaround a number of key points. For example, it introduces a fast-trackprocedure, based on common criteria. When a third-country national isadmitted under this scheme, he will receive a special residence and workpermit, called the "EU Blue Card", entitling him/her to a series of socio-
economic rights
and favourable conditions for family reunification.Facilitated access to the labour market is also provided for.
 In a bid to avoid negative brain drain effects in developing countries,especially in Africa, the proposal advocates ethical recruitment standardsto limit
if not ban
active recruitments by Member States in developingcountries already suffering from serious brain drain, and containsmeasures to facilitate circular migration.
Single application procedure/single permit and common set of rights
 The second proposal is horizontal in nature, and seeks to simplifyprocedures for all potential immigrants applying to reside and work in aMember State. Furthermore, it aims to ensure a common set of rights toall third-country workers already admitted and legally working in aMember State, comparable to those of EU citizens. It does not harmoniseadmission conditions for labour immigrants, which will remain in thehands of the Member States.The proposal therefore provides for a "one-stop-shop" system for theapplicants. It introduces a single application procedure, which aims tosimplify and accelerate the procedure both for the employer and for theimmigrant as well to introduce certain safeguards (access to informationon the documents needed for an application, obligation to provide reasonsfor rejection and to take a decision on the application within 90 days).
Once admitted, the immigrant will receive a "single permit", which willentitle him/her to stay and work for the period granted: in practicalterms, information on access to the labour market will be on theresidence permit.Acknowledging the contribution made by the legal immigrant workers tothe EU's economy and to help them integrate more convincingly, the
proposal seeks to guarantee basic socio-economic rights on an equal

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