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Thermoforming

Thermoforming

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Published by karimimassoud
forming plastics using heat
forming plastics using heat

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Published by: karimimassoud on Dec 14, 2011
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12/14/2011

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Thermoforming
Product Design and ManufacturingMinicurriculumDr. Seth Bates
 
Spring, 2005ThermoformingTech 140 Polymers and Composites2
Thermoforming and Other Molding Processes
While extrusion and injection molding processes are by farthe most common types of methods used for moldingpolymers, other molding methods can offer bettereconomic, quality and production advantages depending onthe applicationIn many cases (such as for very large items like pressuretanks, furniture and appliance casings) injection norextrusion processes can feasibly handle the job
However, extrusion or injection molding may provide a preformshape that other methods then form
Thermoforming of polymer sheet uses extruded, skived ormolded sheet stock 
Thermoplastic welding uses rod stock that has been extruded
 
Spring, 2005ThermoformingTech 140 Polymers and Composites3
Thermoforming
There are many variation of thermoforming, but the process essentiallyinvolves molding a heated sheet of thermoplastic into or over a moldface using vacuum, air pressure, matched molds or a combinationthereof In order to be thermoformed, the sheet material should be able towithstand its own weight at the process temperature, otherwise theremay be excessive sagging,(or support systems must be installed)
As in most processes there are pros and cons at various processingtemperatures; low temperatures allow the sheet to support itselfbut reducethe ability of the material to contour over the mold
Higher temperatures help the material to flow over the mold and reducepolymer chain orientation, but can cause excessive sag, degradation orwall thinning
Most thermoplastics can be thermoformed, however some can notbecause of viscosity problems (too low or too high) at the processingtemperature

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