Do not forget the best way toSTOP the SNIPER:KILL the SNIPER!
A s y m m e t r i c W a r f a r e G r o u p
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S n i p e r A w a r e n e s s a n d C o u n t e r - S n i p e r T i p s
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F O R O F F I C I A L U S E O N L Y
Let him escape,and he will attacksomeone else,somewhere else.KILL the SNIPER!
Maintain 360° security.DON’T SET PATTERNS.Deny enemy use o overwatching terrain.Remove rank insignia and do not salutein the eld in accordance with Area oOperation (AO) Guidance/Local Policy.Leaders should blend into element.Use observation posts (OPs) and aerialobservers.Use magnied optics to scan or snipers.Use small recon and security patrols.Limit exposure.
“Slice the Pie, Reduce Exposure”
Wear protective armor.Use armored vehicles.Erect screens/shields or cover.Use smoke hazes or smoke screens toobscure the sniper’s eld o view and limit the eectiveness o his re.Stick to the shadows; use cover andconcealment.
What can be done to avoid being a “sniper’s target”?
Take up covered/concealed positions(also conceal with SMOKE). Any woundedsoldier applies “sel aid.”Identiy sniper location and return re.Attack: Maneuver on enemy location andkill him.Reorganize and evaluate casualties.
What should be done once a sniper has engaged the element?
Urban: 25 to 200 meters rom street levelRural: may operate at longer rangesThe enemy sniperWill wait to take ollow-on shots at anysoldier moving into the “kill zone”Will oten videotape the attack or propa-ganda purposesMay operate within a team with more thanone prepared vehicle/mobile shootingplatormMay use “D.C. Sniper Tactic,” completewith loopholes or markings, allowing him tomove unmolested past checkpointsMay attempt to assess success by drivingor walking by the target ater the shotMay use “bait” such as a dead body or IED to draw riendly orces into his “kill zone”Will engage the easiest target, such asa top gunner or stationary guard. “Keepmoving.”Will aim or vulnerable areas o body armorWill attack mostly during daylight hoursEnemy TTP can and will change.
1. Deliberate: planned using “bait” 2. Hasty: targets of opportunity
Increase/change your security postureater 20 minutes in one location and con- tinue to change/upgrade.Use interpreters with radio on scan topick up enemy communications.Use cover and concealment wheneverpossible, e.g., camoufage netting over TCand gunners on Strykers.Stop and search suspicious vehicles seendriving by more than once.Plan to use roving vehicles that can fex toinvestigate suspicious vehicles.Keep personnel in CONSTANT motion,walking in “W” and “S” patterns.Use ISR platorms.Keep vehicles available or searches.
These have proven to reduce sniper activity and success.
FM 7-8: Inantry Rife Platoon and SquadBD 1A: Squad AttackBD 2A: React to ContactBD 4: React to Ambush
DO NOT xate on casualties!Kill the sniper, then attend to casualties.Have a PLAN and REHEARSE IT.Maintain 360° security.
The Enemy will change his TTP.Do NOT orget to change your TTPs.Keep rom setting predictable patterns.
Imagine that your unit islocated at the center oa circle with a radiusbased on the eectiverange o a sniper.
Locating Sniper Positions
Once the rst shot is red, an initialdirection can be determined,eectively cutting thearea o the circle in hal.Focus visual searcheson the suspectedareas.Following shots by the sniper willserve to urther narrow thecircle into a wedge.Again, ocus onsearching thesuspected wedge.Once detected and located, asecond element can maneuver todeeat the sniper or cut o the escape route.In the open, keep in constant motion. You shouldalways be moving in “S” or “W” paths.
P: Limit your exposure using walls, vehicles,and hard cover at your back and sides.P: Further limit exposure by using angles and corners to fanks.P: Reduce your exposure to a small “slice” o the “pie” that is also your sector o responsibility.P: I you must be exposed in the open due to METT-TC, then try to move oten and cover your partner’s danger areas.
“Slice the Pie”
P = Proactive
Narrow the area o possible sniper locations, then search or engage in the most likely area.