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Ag Cotton 1AC

Ag Cotton 1AC

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Published by Scott Elliott

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Scott Elliott on Dec 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Plan: the United States Federal Government will substantially reduce its agriculturalsupport by eliminating all domestic and export subsidies for cotton, as well as any other tariff or program directed toward cotton that has been determined by the WTO to be tradedistorting. Affirmative speeches will clarify intent.1
Advantage 1. Poverty in Post-Colonial Feminism1.Framework for the Advantage:
Government Polices must approach povertyreduction from a feminist perspective. Moghadan 2005.
THE ‘FEMINIZATION OFPOVERTY’ AND WOMEN’S HUMAN RIGHTS Valentine M. MoghadamSHS/HRS/GED July 2005The feminist approach to poverty focuses on the gender implications and social costs of  poverty. They include the growing involvement of women and children in the informaleconomy; differential treatment of girls and boys in households; pressure to get girlsmarried off quickly; higher school drop-out rates for girls; less control over fertility; andrecourse to prostitution. Studies on female poverty have given rise to policyrecommendations that there be poverty-alleviation or employment-generation programsdesigned specifically for women, or that households maintained by women alone betargeted for social programs. Similarly, the Beijing Platform for Action calls ongovernments to “Formulate and implement, when necessary, specific economic, social,agricultural and related policies in support of female-headed households;” (United Nations, 1995, p. 41). It also calls on governments to analyse, from a gender perspective, policies and programs -- including those related to macroeconomic stability, structuraladjustment, external debt problems, taxation, investments, employment, markets and allrelevant sectors of the economy -- with respect to their impact on poverty; on inequalityand particularly on women; assess their impact on family well-being and conditions andadjust them, as appropriate, to promote more equitable distribution of productive assets,wealth, opportunities, income and services; (United Nations, 1996, p. 40).
2. Women’s poverty is the underlying cause of overpopulation, environmentaldegradation, refugee flows and humanitarian crises. Buvinic 1998 {
Women inPoverty:A New Global Underclass
Mayra Buvinic is Chief of the Social DevelopmentDivision of the Sustainable Development Department.http://www.onlinewomeninpolitics.org/beijing12/womeninpoverty.pdf 
This feminization of poverty should be considered a legitimate foreign policyconcern. Because women are increasingly economic actors and heads of households aswell as mothers, their poverty slows global economic growth. Moreover, in poor countries, their disadvantage feeds a destructive spiral of poverty, populationgrowth, and environmental degradation. In a world of blurring borders, women’s povertycreates enclaves of want in the midst of wealth and puts rising pressures on thedeveloped world, whether by fueling costly humanitarian crises or by unleashing— for the first time— waves of females who migrate without spouses to seek work inricher countries.
3.Poverty is equivalent to an ongoing, systemic nuclear war against the poor – it is responsible for a cycle of violence that kills hundreds of millions of peopleAbu-Jamal 1998
[Mumia, award-winning Pennsylvania journalist, A quite and deadly violence.http://www.flashpoints.net/mQuietDeadlyViolence.html
[E]very fifteen years, on the average, as many people die because of relative poverty aswould be killed in a nuclear war that caused 232 million deaths; and every single year,two to three times as many people die from poverty throughout the world as were killed by the Nazi genocide of the Jews over a six-year period. This is, in effect, the equivalentof an ongoing, unending, in fact accelerating, thermonuclear war, or genocide on theweak and poor every year of every decade, throughout the world. [Gilligan, p. 196]
4.Solvency. Elimination U.S. cotton subsidies solves for millions of womenliving in poverty in Pakistan. Our solvency is specific because of Pakistan’sgeographic location to China and India.Little a. Only Pakistan is positioned to have a huge wealth increase from cottonexports to India and China. Burki 2004 [Intricacies of cotton politics by
ShahidJaved Burki 2004[http://www.dawn.com/2004/05/06/op.htm
Shahid Javed Burki is former Vice-President,World Bank and former Finance Minister of Pakistan)
]Pakistan is the only large exporter of cotton that sits right next to the two countries that,on account of their size and the rapid increase in the purchasing power of their large populations, are seeing significant increases in their domestic demand for cotton andcotton products. Distance matters for the export of a bulky item such as cotton.Pakistan's proximity to both China and India should help it enormously to exploit itsgeographical advantage. If the current thawing of relations with India results inincreasing trade between the two countries, cotton will figure in an important way in thisexpansion.3

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