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Judges 4

Judges 4

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This was a paper for my Old Testament 1 class
This was a paper for my Old Testament 1 class

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Alonzo Lazarus Medcalf on Dec 15, 2011
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09/07/2014

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DEBORAH OR BARAK: AS JUDGE OVER ISRAEL. __________________ A Paper Presented toDr. James M. HamiltonThe Southern Baptist Theological Seminary __________________ In Partial Fulfillmentof the Requirements for 20200 __________________  byAlonzo L. Medcalf Box 484October 25, 201
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JUDGES 4Deborah the Prophetess, wife of Lappidoth is often viewed as a judge of Israel. After further study of Judges 4, we will see that Deborah was not thetypical choice for judge over the people of God. Judges 4 seems to be a nonsequitar in the Judges narrative. In Deborah’s case the writer does not follow thesame construct of selecting a judge as he does with the pervious judges selected byGod. After looking deeper into Judges 4 we will see that Deborah is not a prope judge for Israel, rather she is a sign that things are extremely bad in Israel.Because Deborah is judging Israel does not necessarily mean that the she was a judge or God’s ideal choice as judge of Israel. The Bible does not explicitly callDeborah a judge. The Judges narrative is descriptive, it gives us a full descriptionof how bad things are in Israel. It is not a prescriptive narrative giving usinstructions on how God’s people are to live and operate.
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THE THEME OF JUDGESThe Book of Judges recounts the results of Israel’s failure to complete themandate for conquest issued in Deuteronomy and Joshua.
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In the main body of Judges (3:7-16:31), Israel lurches from crisis to crisis because of the apostasyinevitably produced by failure to separate from the land’s inhabitants.
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The book’sfinal verse- “In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what wasright in his own eyes,”
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is a true testament to how bad things were at this time.THE ROLE OF A JUDGEA judge is defined as,
 An official with authority to administer justice bytrying cases
,
One who usurps the prerogative of a judge
,
 A military deliverer in the period between Joshua and David 
.
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The contributors of the Holman IllustratedBible Dictionary are under the impression that a judge is someone who is amilitary deliverer amongst other things. We will see later that Deborah is not amilitary leader nor does she deliver Israel from their oppressors as the other judges before her. With the divine help of the LORD, the previous judges went into battleand delivered Israel from the opposition they faced. Deborah did not go into battle
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Dumbrell, William J. The Faith of Israel: a Theological Survey of the Old Testament. (Grand Rapids, MI:Baker Academic, 2002), 76.
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Dumbrell, William J. The Faith of Israel: a Theological Survey of the Old Testament. (Grand Rapids, MI:Baker Academic, 2002), 76.
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Dumbrell, William J. The Faith of Israel: a Theological Survey of the Old Testament. (Grand Rapids, MI:Baker Academic, 2002), 78.
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Brand, Chad Owen., Charles W. Draper, and Archie W. England. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary.(Nashville, TN: Holman Bible, 2003), 961.

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