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Chapter 5-Industrialization-the West-Turn of Century

Chapter 5-Industrialization-the West-Turn of Century

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Published by twinman42
US History Review test
US History Review test

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Published by: twinman42 on Dec 16, 2011
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11/29/2012

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Chapter 5-Industrialization-the West-Turn of Century
1. Louis Sullivan was significant to American urban development as:A. the inventor of the flush toiletB. the builder of the first subwayC. the inventor of the elevatorD. an architect, especially of skyscrapers2. What did critics call men like Andrew Carnegie and Cornelius Vanderbilt?A. entrepreneursB. robber baronsC. captains of industryD. tycoons3. What was another name for oil prospectors who dug wells looking for oil?A. wildcattersB. linesmenC. wellheadsD. robber barons4. The Bessemer process affected which of the following materials?A. oilB. steelC. steamD. iron5. What is the name for an economic system in which private businesses run most industries?A. monopolyB. laissez-faireC. capitalismD. corporation6. What was the name for large farms that were operated like factories?A. bonanza farmsB. dugoutsC. sod housesD. factory farms7. Why was Spindletop Hill in Texas an important location?A. It was home to many large steel millsB. It was the largest train depot in Texas.C. It was home to former slaves.
D. It was the center of Texas’s oil boom.
 8. What piece of legislation broke up most Indian reservations?A. the Morrill ActB. the Thirteenth AmendmentC. the Homestead ActD. the Dawes Act
 
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9. What battle upset the U.S. Army and strengthened its commitment to removing the Indian threat to westernsettlers?A. Battle of the Little Bighorn B. Sand Creek MassacreC. Wounded Knee Massacre D. Battle of Palo Duro Canyon10. Which invention encouraged the spread of privately owned cattle ranches?A. the Texas longhornB .barbed wireC. the Comstock LodeD. placer mining11. Which of the following best describes vertical integration?A. acquiring companies that compete with youB. selling shares of your business as stocksC .gaining complete control over an industryD. acquiring companies that supply your business12.Which of the following was a side effect of the railroad industry?A. time zones B. electricity C. labor unions D. oil trusts13. The American Federation of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompers organizedA. skilled workers in craft unions in order to achieve economic gains
B. all industrial and agricultural workers in “one big union”
 C. unskilled workers along industrial linesD. workers and intellectuals into a labor party for political action14. Settlement house workers of the late nineteenth century would most likely have engaged in all of thefollowing EXCEPT(A) establishing day nurseries for working mothers(B) offering literacy and language classes for immigrants(C) organizing women workers into labor unions(D) child care services15. Which of the following constitutes a significant change in the treatment of American Indians during the lasthalf of the nineteenth century?a. The beginnings of negotiations with individual tribesb. The start of a removal policyc. The abandonment of the reservation systemd. The admission of all American Indians to the full rightsof United States citizenshipe. The division of the tribal lands among individual members.16. Of the following, which was the
most 
important cause of agrarian discontent in the United States in the lastquarter of the nineteenth century?a. The end of free homesteads under the Homestead Act.b. The end of Republican Party efforts to aid farmers.c. The exhaustion of plains soil by poor farming methods.d. The business practices of U.S. railroad companies.
 
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17 In 1890, the United States Census reported that(A) more Americans lived in cities than on farms(B) more immigrants came from Asia than Europe(C) the United States acquired more frontier land in AlaskaD.the frontier was officially closed18. Which of the following was a theory advocated by the noted historian Frederick Jackson Turner?(A) the frontier experience was overwhelmingly the most significant force involved in shaping American historyand character(B) the greatness of America lay ahead as it expanding into Asia and Africa and took up the mantle of a colonialempire(C) the Anglo Saxon race was destined to dominate the world with the United States as the foremost among AngloSaxon powers(D) urbanization and industrialization had brought about a decline in the strength and ethical morality of theUnited States as it abandoned traditional agrarian roots.19. By 1890 the federal government had created a federal Indian policy which sought to accomplish all of thefollowing EXCEPT? (A) assimilate Native Americans into mainstream American society (B) encourage Indians toenter agriculture by offering land and citizenship (C) redistribute tribal lands(D) expand the reservation system.20. The Chinese immigrant experience differed from that of the Europeans in the late 1800s in that (A) mostwere unattached males (B) most were unskilled (C) many eventually returned to their homeland (D) they werevictims of discrimination (E) they were excluded from the United States before 1890.21.
Helen Hunt Jackson’s book entitled A Century of Dishonor (1880) recounted
(A) American imperialism and its effects on the middle class(B) discriminatory practices employed by the United States government against African-Americans(C) the atrocities of the Spanish-American War(D) the long record of broken treaties and injustices against American Indians(E) the abuses involving big business trusts in America.22. A company that buys up other businesses in the same industry is an example of (A) horizontal integration (B) vertical integration(C) a corporation (D) a joint-stock company(E) a conglomerate.23. The Pendleton Act was enacted in response to(A) efforts to raise tariffs on imported cloth(B) the assassination of President James Garfield(C) protests against civil service examinations(D) complaints about currency deflation(E) the loss of public support for both political parties.24. Open-range ranching came to an end due to(A) overproduction of beef and declining prices(B) federal support for irrigated agriculture(C) the range wars between cattlemen and sheepherders(D) fencing the plains with barb wire (E) increase in cattle production in the Midwest and East.

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