9. What battle upset the U.S. Army and strengthened its commitment to removing the Indian threat to westernsettlers?A. Battle of the Little Bighorn B. Sand Creek MassacreC. Wounded Knee Massacre D. Battle of Palo Duro Canyon10. Which invention encouraged the spread of privately owned cattle ranches?A. the Texas longhornB .barbed wireC. the Comstock LodeD. placer mining11. Which of the following best describes vertical integration?A. acquiring companies that compete with youB. selling shares of your business as stocksC .gaining complete control over an industryD. acquiring companies that supply your business12.Which of the following was a side effect of the railroad industry?A. time zones B. electricity C. labor unions D. oil trusts13. The American Federation of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompers organizedA. skilled workers in craft unions in order to achieve economic gains
B. all industrial and agricultural workers in “one big union”
C. unskilled workers along industrial linesD. workers and intellectuals into a labor party for political action14. Settlement house workers of the late nineteenth century would most likely have engaged in all of thefollowing EXCEPT(A) establishing day nurseries for working mothers(B) offering literacy and language classes for immigrants(C) organizing women workers into labor unions(D) child care services15. Which of the following constitutes a significant change in the treatment of American Indians during the lasthalf of the nineteenth century?a. The beginnings of negotiations with individual tribesb. The start of a removal policyc. The abandonment of the reservation systemd. The admission of all American Indians to the full rightsof United States citizenshipe. The division of the tribal lands among individual members.16. Of the following, which was the
important cause of agrarian discontent in the United States in the lastquarter of the nineteenth century?a. The end of free homesteads under the Homestead Act.b. The end of Republican Party efforts to aid farmers.c. The exhaustion of plains soil by poor farming methods.d. The business practices of U.S. railroad companies.