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Makalah Filsafat Hukum Islam, an Fiqh Dan Sufi, The Tension Between Fiqh n Sufisme

Makalah Filsafat Hukum Islam, an Fiqh Dan Sufi, The Tension Between Fiqh n Sufisme

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Published by: musafir1412 on Dec 16, 2011
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05/14/2013

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The Tension between Fiqh and Sufism 
Presented by Musafir1412Page
1
of 
2
 
1.
 
A piece of Fiqh
Fiqh epistemologically is knowing something and understanding it well. Fiqhterminologically is knowledge about
syara‟
s laws
in „amaliyah that obtained from
thinking and interpretating from the detailed text source (dalail). Fiqh is therelation between not only Human and their God, but also human and other human.
2.
 
A piece of Sufi
Sufism or tasawuf is a knowledge to know how to clean the soul, purify the moral,constructing spiritual and physical, to reach the eternity happiness. In the history,Sufism was born in response to the lack of spiritualism in the wake of materialisticlife lead by many in Islam. The thinking of Sufism rise in the Middle East at 8
th
 centuries. Sufism is the relation between Human and their God.
Rabi‟ah al
-
‟Adawiyyah
a sufism, said that Sufism is a effort to throw awayeverything to reach and choose Allah, so Allah will choose a sufi-doer on top ofeverything else. So she prefers and presents her love only to her God aboveanything else, so God will choose and love her.
3.
 
The Ulama’ opinion about fiqh and sufi
 
Much of the ulama‟ in fiqh said that Sufism is the wrong pathway, because it can
lead moslem to Musyrik, Wahdatul Wujud (the unity to God), and so on. But most ofthem said that if the moslems want to be the true moslem, he must do fiqh and
Sufism together. For example imam maliki said that “who do fiqh without Sufism
really become Fasiq. And who do Sufism without Fiqh is rally Zindiq, and who doesthe both of them together (fiqh and Sufism), he will walk on the truth.
4.
 
An example of 
the problem “Fiqh vs Sufi”
The command to Covering up the aurot / whole body for women moslem, by
Wearing moslem‟s
wear and Jilbab for them.
In the early islam, it‟s done by the
women moslem just to cover up their whole body by wearing them. But in oursociety now, I mean in Indonesia, the women moslem, much of them miss-understand the true meaning of wearing moslem
‟s
wear and jilbab. They use it not just to cover up their aurot but they also use it to show up their fashion, so theresult is, the miss-
using of women moslem‟s wear and jilbab, much women use
 jilbab but still showing up their hair, much of them wears the thight wear, or the
moslem‟s wear but it‟s transparent, etc. This is unacceptable to sufi, but for fiqh,it‟s no problem
in some cases.
5.
 
Consept of Fiqh and Sufism
In Islam, we know that there are two aspects of “
syari’ah
”, the first is
muamalah
,and the second is ibadah. While
muamalah
refers to the rational thing or
ta’aqquli 
,Ibadah refers to the irrational thing or
ta’abbudi 
. Therefore moslem must not askwhy he must pray to his God.
The problem “fiqh vs Sufi” much happens in the ibadah aspe
ct, because in ibadahitself, there are two aspects, the physical and spiritual aspect. The physical aspectmeans the visible things that the moslem must do in doing ibadah, such as in
praying, moslem must do takbirotul ihrom, ruku‟ I‟tidal and so on, if h
e miss oneof them, his ibadah is not valid according to Fiqh.

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