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Radicalization: A Guide for the Perplexed 2009

Radicalization: A Guide for the Perplexed 2009

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Published by woodstockwoody
Written from a Canadian perspective. While radical
thinking is by no means problematic in itself, it becomes a threat to national security
when Canadian citizens or residents espouse or engage in violence or direct action
as a means of promoting political, ideological or religious extremism. Sometimes
referred to as “homegrown terrorism,” this process of radicalization is more correctly
referred to as domestic radicalization leading to terrorist violence.
Written from a Canadian perspective. While radical
thinking is by no means problematic in itself, it becomes a threat to national security
when Canadian citizens or residents espouse or engage in violence or direct action
as a means of promoting political, ideological or religious extremism. Sometimes
referred to as “homegrown terrorism,” this process of radicalization is more correctly
referred to as domestic radicalization leading to terrorist violence.

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Published by: woodstockwoody on Dec 16, 2011
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02/04/2013

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Radicalization
 A Guide for the Perplexed 
June 2009
Unclassified
National Security Criminal Investigations
 
Unclassified
Table of Contents
What is Radicalization?                              1Is Radicalization Bad?                              1Radicalization: A Muslim Thing?                                                      2Radicalization in Canada                         4Radicals into Terrorists: Who?                            5Radicals into Terrorists: Why?7Sensitive Communities                              9New Challenges                                                                  10
 
RCMP NSCI — “
Radicalization — A Guide for the Perplexed —
 
 June 2009
1
Unclassified
Radicalization is a critical subset o the terrorist threat. Te RCMP denesradicalization as the process by which individuals — usually young people — areintroduced to an overtly ideological message and belie system that encouragesmovement rom moderate, mainstream belies towards extreme views. While radicalthinking is by no means problematic in itsel, it becomes a threat to national security  when Canadian citizens or residents espouse or engage in violence or direct actionas a means o promoting political, ideological or religious extremism. Sometimesreerred to as “homegrown terrorism,” this process o radicalization is more correctly reerred to as domestic radicalization leading to terrorist violence.Te nuances o this denition are critical. Te English word “radical” comes romthe Latin
radis 
, or “root.” Its connotation (as in the word “radish”) is o being buriedin the ground, rooted, undamental. So a radical is a person who wishes to eectundamental political, economic or social change, or change rom the ground up.
Is Radicalization Bad?
 As stated in the RCMP denition, radical thinking is not necessarily problematic.Most progress has been an outcome o some orm o radicalization and the mindsetthat accompanies it. Martin Luther King was considered a radical, as were a host o other people that we now view as important and entirely legitimate historical gures,rom Moses, Mohammed and Jesus to Gandhi, Nelson Mandela and Gloria Steinem.In some cases, even violent radicals have later been deemed to be acting in the nameo causes that were just. John Brown, the 19th century American abolitionist is anexample o such an individual. All o us have views and opinions that others would dene as radical, i not extreme.Radical thought and action does not necessarily translate into terrorism. In act,radicals can play a highly positive role, both in their communities and in the largerpolitical context (although admittedly this role is oten only acknowledged ater theact). Again, radical views only become a problem when they are used to promote orcondone violence or other orms o extremist behavior, including terrorism.
 What is Radicalization?

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