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Tropicultor*Manual

Tropicultor*Manual

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THE
TROPICULTOR
/
,3
Operator's
Manual:
FIELD
OPERATIONS
d
l
ICRISAT
INTERNATIONAL
CROPS
RESEARCH
INSTITUTE
FOR
THESEMI-ARID
TROPICSPatancheru
P.O.,
Andhra
Pradash502324,India
1985
 
THETROPICULTOR
OPERATOR'S
MANUAL:
FIELD
OPERATIONS
Compiled
by
R.K.
Bansal
Publication
of thismanualhasbeenfundedbytheNew
Zealand
HighCommission,NewDelhi.Grateful
thanks
are alsodueto
G.E.
Thierstein
andmany
people,
within
ICRISAT
andin
collaboratingorganizations,
who
participated
in
creating
the
manual'spreliminary
shortenedversion,
in
testing
it
forcompre
hensionamong
selected
users,
and
in
producing
this
complete
version
forpublication.
The
Tropicultor
is
derived
from
an
animal-drawn
wheeledtoolcarrier
designed
by
JeanNolle.
it
has
beenmodifiedby
ICRISAT
after
manyyears
of
testingand
adaptation,
and
is
particularly
recommendedfor
use
by
farmers
who
adopt
thewatershed-based
farmingsystemnowbeingverifiedon-farm
in
four
states
in
central
India.Further
information
and
advice,including
the
namesof
manufacturers
in
Latin
America,
Europe,
andSouth
Asia, are
obtainable
from
theProgram
Leader,
Farming
Systems
Research
Program,
ICRISAT,
Patancheru
P.O.,
AndhraPradesh
502324,
India.
TheInternational
Crops
Research
Institute
forthe
Semi-Arid
Tropics
is a
nonprofit
scientific
educationalinstitutoreceiving
supportfrom
donorsthrough
the
Cornultative
Group
on
International
Agricultural
Research.Donors
to
ICRISAT
includegovernmentsand
agencies
of
Australia,
Belgium,Canada,Federal
RepublicofGermany,
Finland,
France,
India,
Italy,Japan,Netherlands,Nigeria,Norway,People'sRepublic
of
China,
Sweden,Switzerland,
UnitedKingdom,UnitedStatesof
America,
and
of
the
followinginternational
and
private
organizations:
AsianDevelopment
Bank,
InternationalDevelopmentResearch
Centre,
InternationalFertilizerDevelopment
Center,
International
Fund
for
Agricultural
Development,TheEuropeanEconomic
Community,
The
Ford
Foundation,
The
Leverhulme
Trust,
TheOpec
Fund
forInternational
Development,
ThePopulationCouncil,TheRockefellerFoundation,
The
World
Bank,and
the
UnitedNationsDevelopment
Programme.
Responsibility
for
the
information
in
thispublication
restswith
ICRISAT.
Correctcitation:
ICRISAT
(International
Crops
ResearchInstitute
for
theSemi-AridTropics).
198E.
The
Tropicultor
operator's
manual:
field
operations.Patancheru,
A.P.
502324,
India:
ICRISAT.
 
Contents
ASSEMBLY
2
Operations
on
Flat
Land
PLOWING
Changing
the
position
of
the right
wneel
5
Fitting
the
plow
6
Adjusting
the
depth
8
Adjusting
the
width
of
the
cut
8
Adjusting
the
pitch
9
Operating
the
plow
10
CULTIVATION
Cultivation
withrigid
tines
12
Cultivation
with
spring
tines
13
Cultivatlon
with
a
blade
harrow
15
Cultivation
with
a
disc
harrow
16
Operations
on
Broadbeds
MAKINGBROADBEDS
ANDFURROWSFOR
THE
FIRST
TIME
17
TILLAGEPlowing
21
First
pass:
turrowing
in
the
center
of
the broadbed
21
Second
pass:
plowing
at
70-cmspacing
24
Third
pass:
plowing
at
1.10-m
spacing
26
Fourth pass:
tillage
in
furrows
27
Cultivation
29
Cultivation
withrigid
tines
29
Cultivation
with
springtines
31
Cultivation
with
a
blade
harrow
32
Bed-shaping
33
PLANTINGAND
FERTIL!ZER
APPLICATION
Hand-metering
System
35
Sowing
four
rows
at
30-cmspacing
35
Sowing
an
intercrop
at
45-cmspacing
39
Four-row
Mechanical
Planter
42
Mountingtheplanter
on
the
Tropicultor
42
Planting
four
rows
at
30-cmspacing
47
Planting
an
intercrop
at
45-cmspacing
53
Cleaningtheplanter
57
INTERROWCULTIVATION
In a
four-row
cropspaced
at
30
cm
58In a
three-rowcrop
spaced
at45
cm
61
Supplementary
Tables
1.
Calibrationchart
forthe
fertilizer
drill
622.
Seed
meteringplate
selection
chart
62
1

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