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CHM13P Exit Exam Reviewer

CHM13P Exit Exam Reviewer

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Published by Paolo Gochingco
CHM13P
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ ____ 1. What is the molecular formula for hydrogen chloride? a. HClO2 c. HClO3 b. HCl d. HClO4 2. A compound contains sulfur, oxygen, and chlorine. Analysis shows that it contains by mass 26.95% sulfur and 59.61% chlorine. What is the simplest formula for this compound? a. S2OCl2 c. SOCl2 b. SOCl d. SO2Cl2 3. A 4.628-g sample of an oxide of iron was found to contain 3.348 g of iron and 1.28
CHM13P
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ ____ 1. What is the molecular formula for hydrogen chloride? a. HClO2 c. HClO3 b. HCl d. HClO4 2. A compound contains sulfur, oxygen, and chlorine. Analysis shows that it contains by mass 26.95% sulfur and 59.61% chlorine. What is the simplest formula for this compound? a. S2OCl2 c. SOCl2 b. SOCl d. SO2Cl2 3. A 4.628-g sample of an oxide of iron was found to contain 3.348 g of iron and 1.28

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CHM13P
Multiple Choice
 Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 ____1.What is the molecular formula for hydrogen chloride?a.HClO
2
c.HClO
3
 b.HCld.HClO
4
 ____2.A compound contains sulfur, oxygen, and chlorine. Analysis shows that it contains by mass 26.95%sulfur and 59.61% chlorine. What is the simplest formula for this compound?a.S
2
OCl
2
c.SOCl
2
 b.SOCld.SO
2
Cl
2
 ____3.A 4.628-g sample of an oxide of iron was found to contain 3.348 g of iron and 1.280 g of oxygen.What is simplest formula for this compound?a.FeOc.Fe
2
O
3
 b.Fe
3
O
4
d.Fe
3
O
2
 ____4.What mass of FeCl
3
would contain the same
total
number of ions as 16.8 g of Al
2
(SO
4
)
3
?a.10.8 gc.7.96 g b.9.95 gd.8.01 g ____5.A sample of lead ore has a density of 8.80 g/mL. It is composed of two lead compounds: lead oxide,PbO (density 9.10 g/mL) and lead selenide, PbS (density 8.10 g/mL). What is the percent of the ore is leadoxide?a.89.0 %c.96.7 % b.92.0 %d.70.0 % ____6.The
empirical formula
of a compound is
CHBr
and its
molecular weight
is
185
. What is its
molecular formula
? (atomic weights: C
=
12.01, H
=
1.008, Br 
=
79.90)a.CH
2
Brc.C
3
H
3
Br 
3
 b.C
2
H
2
Br 
2
d.C
2
HBr  ____7.Balancing a chemical equation so that it obeys the law of conservation of matter requires:a.Changing the formulas of the products and reactants. b.Adjusting the coefficients in front of the formulas so there are the same number and typeof atom on both sides of the equation.c.Keeping the total charge the same on both sides of the equation.d.Making sure the reactants and products are in the same phase. ____8.How many molecules of O
2
would react with 56 C
2
H
6
molecules according to the following balancedequation?2C
2
H
6
 
+
7O
2
 
4CO
2
 
+
6H
2
Oa.112c.196 b.784d.50 ____9.What volume of 0.130
HCl solution will just react with 0.424 gram of Ba(OH)
2
?2HCl
+
Ba(OH)
2
 
BaCl
2
 
+
2H
2
Oa.38.1 mLc.32.6 mL b.24.1 mLd.18.6 mL ____10.Which one of the following is an alkaline earth metal?a.bismuth, Bic.magnesium, Mg b.tin, Snd.potassium,  ____11.Which one of the following is a strong electrolyte?a.HNO
3
c.HNO
2
 b.CH
3
COOHd.NH
3
 ____12.Determine the oxidation number of the underlined element in LiAlH
4
.a.
+
2c.
+
1 b. 0d.
1 ____13.Determine the oxidation number of the underlined element in H
2
P
2
O
7
.a.
+
6c.
+
4 b.
+
5d.
+
3 ____14.When two nonmetals combine, ____.a.they form a binary ionic compound. b.they neutralize the acid formed in the reaction.c.they form a binary covalent compound.d.they release hydrogen gas. ____15.Which of the following reactions is a decomposition reaction?a.C
3
H
8
(g)
+
5O
2
(g)
3CO
2
(g)
+
4H
2
O()c.2KClO
3
(s)
2KCl(s)
+
3O
2
(g) b.Fe
2
O
3
(s)
+
3CO(g)
2Fe(s)
+
3CO
2
(g)d.2H
2
(g)
+
O
2
(g)
2H
2
O()
 
 ____16.What ions are almost completely removed from solution when 0.1
aqueous solutions of HBr andPb(CH
3
COO)
2
are mixed? Choose the response that includes all the ions removed.I.H
+
II.B
-
III.Pb
2+
IV.CH
3
COO
-
a.II, III and IVc.III and IV b.I, II, III and IVd.II and III ____17.The mass number of an atom is the number of ____ in the atom.a.neutronsc.electrons plus the number of neutrons b.protons plus the number of neutronsd.protons plus the number of electrons ____18.Give the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom of the
90
Sr isotope.a.90 p, 38 n, 90 ec.38 p, 52 n, 38 e b.52 p, 38 n, 52 ed.38 p, 90 n, 38 e ____19.A
hypothetical
element consists of four isotopes having the following percentage natural abundanceand isotopic masses. What is its atomic weight? isotope 1: 16.06% (52.100 amu); isotope 2: 28.36% (53.097amu); isotope 3: 42.60% (54.093 amu); isotope 4: 12.98% (55.090 amu).a.53.262 amuc.53.487 amu b.53.314 amud.53.620 amu ____20.The five isotopes of nickel occur in the following percentages with the following isotopic masses.The atomic weight is 58.69 amu. What is the isotopic mass of 60Ni? (Choose the closest answer.)IsotopeMass (amu)%58Ni57.93568.2760Ni?26.1061Ni60.931 1.1362Ni61.928 3.5964Ni63.928 0.91a.59.93 amuc.60.57 amu b.59.31 amud.58.62 amu ____21.Which response lists all the true statements about the four quantum numbers?I.
n
 
=
principal quantum number,
n
 
=
1,2,3, . . .II.
 
=
angular momentum quantum number,
 
=
0,1,2,3, . . ., (
n
1)III.
m
 
=
magnetic quantum number,
m
 
=
0, 1, . . .,
IV.
m
 s
 
=
spin quantum number,
m
 s
 
=
 
±
a.I and IIIc.I, II, and IV b.II, III, and IVd.II and III ____22.Which statement is
false
?a.The fifth shell (or major energy level) has one set of 
 f 
orbitals. b.A set o
 p
orbitals can accommodate a maximum of 6 electrons.c.There are 10
orbitals in a set.d.None of the
 p
orbitals are spherically symmetric. ____23.Identify the following orbital.a.
 xy
c.
 f 
 z 
 b.d. ____24.An element with the outermost electron configuration
ns
2
np
3 would be in Groupa.IIIAc.VIIA b.VAd.IIA ____25.How many
neutrons
does an atom of chlorine-35
( )
have?a.52c.17 b.35d.18 ____26.How many
atomic orbitals
are there in the
4d
subshell?a.2c.4 b.3d.5
 
 ____27.Choose the response that includes all of the listed elements that are
-transition elements, and noothers.I.TiII.MoIII.TlIV.Kr V.Ua.IV and Vc.III and IV b.I and IId.II and III ____28.Which of the following statements is
false
?a.Transition elements have larger atomic radii than the preceding IA and IIA elements in thesame period because transition elements have electrons in their 
orbitals. b.Electrons in inner shells screen, or shield, electrons in outer shells from the full effect of the nuclear charge.c.The atomic radii of representative elements decrease from left to right across a period(horizontal row in the periodic table).d.Within a family (vertical group in the periodic table) of representative elements atomicradii increase from top to bottom. ____29.Which ion or atom has the
largest
radius?a.Sr c.Rb b.Sed.Br  ____30.Oxygen was discovered by Priestley in 1774 when he observed the ____.a.thermal decomposition of mercury(II) oxide, HgO b.electrolysis of water c.results of fractional distillation of aid.the thermal decomposition of potassium chlorate, KClO ____31.What do elements in the
same vertical column
of the periodic table have in
common
?a.the same physical properties b.similar chemical propertiesc.the same electron configurationd.the same number of filled electron energy levels ____32.Which Lewis Dot Formula is
incorrect
?a.c. b.d. ____33.Which Lewis dot notation for atoms and ions is correct for the reaction for the formation of calcium phosphide?a. b.c.d. ____34.Which of the following statements is the best definition o
valence
electrons?a.The electrons that are paired. b.The electrons that are unpaired.c.The electrons in the p orbitalsd.The electrons occupying the highest energy (outermost) level.

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