Fuzzy Sets and Systems 146 (2004) 167–186
Fuzzy nonlinear programming for mixed-discrete designoptimization through hybrid genetic algorithm
, Singiresu S. Rao
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124-0624, USA
Received 28 November 2002; received in revised form 6 August 2003; accepted 3 September 2003
Many practical engineering optimization problems involve discrete or integer design variables, and oftenthe design decisions are to be made in a fuzzy environment in which the statements might be vague orimprecise. A mixed-discrete fuzzy nonlinear programming approach that combines the fuzzy
-formulationwith a hybrid genetic algorithm is proposed in this paper. This method can ÿnd a globally compromisesolution for a mixed-discrete fuzzy optimization problem, even when the objective function is nonconvex andnondierentiable. In the construction of the objective membership function, an error from the early researchwork is corrected and the right conclusion has been made. The illustrative examples demonstrate that morereliable and satisfactory results can be obtained through the present method.c
2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Hybrid genetic algorithm; Fuzzy programming; Mixed-discrete optimization; Membership function;Engineering design
The traditional approaches to nonlinear programming problems treat the design variables as con-tinuous quantities. However, in real life, many engineering optimization problems frequently involvediscrete or integer design variables. This is due to limitations such as availability of components instandard sizes and constraints imposed by the construction and manufacturing practices. Examplesof discrete/integer variables are the number of gear teeth, the value of gear module, the number of screws or rivets used in a structural assembly, the number of bars in a truss, etc. Optimization prob-lems involving both continuous and discrete/integer variables are often referred to as mixed-discretenonlinear programming problems (MDNLP).
2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.doi:10.1016/j.fss.2003.09.001