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PEMILIHAN ANTIBIOTIK SSP

PEMILIHAN ANTIBIOTIK SSP

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Published by: tonyiinhandoko on Dec 19, 2011
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04/20/2014

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REFERATPEMILIHAN ANTIBIOTIKA UNTUK SISTEM SARAF PUSATDisusun untuk melaksanakan tugas Kepaniteraan Klinik MadyaLab/SMF Bedah FK UNEJ - RSD dr. Soebandi JemberOleh:Adelia Handoko, S.Ked072011101021Pembimbing:dr. H.Moch Dwikoryanto, Sp.BSSMF Bedah RSD dr. Soebandi JemberFakultas KedokteranUniversitas Jember2011
 
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DAFTAR ISIBAB IPENDAHULUAN .............................................................................................. 3BAB IITINJAUAN PUSTAKAAnatomi dan Fisiolosi Sawar Darah Otak ...................................................... 5Infeksi CNS ........................................................................................................ 11Infeksi Kranial dan Ektrakranial .............................................................. 11Wound Infection ................................................................................... 11Subgaleal abscess .................................................................................. 12Osteomiellitis of the Skull .................................................................... 12Infeksi intracranial ..................................................................................... 13
Meningitis………………………………………………………….
..... 13
Posttraumatic Meningitis………………………………..
............ 13Postoperative Meningitis ............................................................... 15External Devices and Shunt Infection ......................................... 16Epidural dan Subdural Abscesse ...................................................... 17Brain Abscess ....................................................................................... 17Infeksi Nosokomial ...................................................................................... 18Urinary Track Infections .................................................................... 18Pneumonia ............................................................................................ 18Aspiration Pneumonia ................................................................... 18Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia ................................................ 18Ulkus Dekubitus ................................................................................. 18Bacteremia/Sepsis ............................................................................... 18Catheters......................................................................................... 18Prinsip Terapi Antimikroba ............................................................................ 19DAFTARPUSTAKA ......................................................................................... 28
 
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BAB 1PENDAHULUAN
Mortalitas dan morbiditas setelah cedera kepala terkait dengan cederakepala itu sendiri. Bagaimanapun juga, komplikasi infeksi dapat mengikutitrauma, termasuk infeksi cranial, infeksi extracranial, dan infeksi intracranial daninfeksi yang didapatkan dari rumah sakit dapat menambahkan resiko yang ada.Infeksi dapat menyertai trauma mayor maupun trauma minor, akut maupun kronik dapat menyertakan berbagai bagian dari kepala, mulai dari kulit hingga parenkimotak (Narrayan, 1996).
Gambar 1Trauma primer dan sekunder

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