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Classification & Theories of Ethics

Classification & Theories of Ethics

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Published by Shelly Agarwal

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Published by: Shelly Agarwal on Dec 19, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/05/2012

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Classification of Ethics
EthicsSystematic Study of moral Conduct
Applied ethics
Study of special issues-businessethicsScope: specific human action
 
Meta EthicsCognitive Study of the ultimateprinciples of ethics, their origin andmeaningConceptual scope: philosophy
Normative ethics
Study of moral standards todetermine right and wrong.Scope: General moral science
 
Applied Ethics: Business Ethics
"Business Ethics"
can be defined as the
critical, structured
examination of how people& institutions
should behave in the world of commerce.
In particular, it involves
examining appropriate constraints on the pursuit of self-interest
, or (for firms) profits, when the actions of individuals or firms affects others.The
“critical”
and the
“structured
parts of those definitions are both important
Critical
E
 xamining
and
critiquing various
moral beliefs and practices
.
It’s not just about describing
 
people’s values or behavior,
Ethics involves looking at particular norms and values and behaviors and judgingthem, asking whether various norms and values are mutually contradictory, and
asking which ones matter more in what sorts of situations.Structured
 
it’s not just about having an opinion about how people should behave. Everyone
has opinions.
Ethics involves
attempting, at least, to find higher-order principles
and theories inan attempt
to rationalize and unify our diverse moral beliefs.
 
Meta ethics
 
The term “meta” means
 
after 
or
beyond 
, meta ethics as the study of the originand meaning of ethical concepts. When compared to normative ethics andapplied ethics, the field of meta ethics is the least precisely defined area of moralphilosophy
.a)Metaphysical Issues (understand the nature of ethicalproperties, statements, attitudes, and judgments)
Moral values as Spirit-like-realm /Human Conviction.
Plato noted moral values are absolute truth as mathematical relations 1+1=2.
God wills moral principles as ”Murder is wrong” & informs us through scriptures.
Human Conviction:
Moral values in fact change from society to society throughout time andthroughout the world.They frequently attempt to defend their position by citing examples of valuesthat differ dramatically from one culture to another, such as attitudes aboutpolygamy, homosexuality and human sacrifice.

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