INARCHINGDAMAGED FRUIT TREES
Prepared by Crops Research Division,Agricultural Research ServiceGirdling of
trees may becaused by rodents, sun-scald, winterinjury, disease,
mechanical in-juries such as those resulting fromcultivating
not repaired, thedamaged trees die.Girdling is theresult of destruction of the barkand living tissue that connect theroots of a tree with the part thatis above the injury. Repair
sists of reestablishing the connec-tion.Girdled trees often can be savedby bridge grafting
by inarching(approach grafting). To be suc-cessful, either type of repair mustbe made soon after injury.
has not seriouslydamaged the main roots,
can berepaired by bridge grafting.
theroots are damaged so badly thatpieces cannot be graftedonthem,the trees must be repaired byinarching.These operations are suited tothe repair of any kind of fruit
that can be propagated by grafting.They are performed most success-fully in early spring, about the timethe trees are beginning to grow.
Bridge grafting consists essen-tially of cleaning the wounded areaand connecting the bark
thelower part of the trunk or roots tothe bark
the upper part withbridging members-the scions.The scions are placed about
inchesapart around the girdled trunk.After the scions have united withthe tree, they
inspected periodi-cally and any growth-twigs
leaves--arising from them
For scions, use dormant watersprouts
terminal growth fromthe previous season. They shouldbe about the thickness of
nches longer thanthe gap they are to bridge to allowfor beveling of the ends. Whenthey are in place, they should archslightly in the middle.Duchess, Fameuse, NorthwesternGreening, Wolf River, McIntosh,and Hibernal Crab are hardy anddisease-resistant apple varieties suit-able for use as scions.