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All Law

All Law

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Published by scizott
Some Law Definitions,
Some Law Definitions,

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Published by: scizott on Dec 20, 2011
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Actus reus: is Latin for "guilty act" and is the physical element of committing a crime. It may be accomplished by an action, bythreat of action, or exceptionally, by an omission to act.Admiralty law:
(also referred to as maritime law)
is a distinctbody of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. It isa body of both domestic law governing maritime activities, andprivate international law governing the relationships betweenprivate entities which operate vessels on the oceans. is armedenforcement of the laws of commerce(the law merchant) a courtthat exercises jurisdiction over all maritime contracts, torts,injuries ,or offensesAffidavit: A voluntary declaration of facts written down andsworn to by the declarant before an officer authorized toadminister oaths, such as a notary public.Allodial: Free; not holden of any lord or superior; owned withoutobligation of vassalage or fealty; the opposite of feudal.Allodium: Land held absolutely in one's own right, and not of anylord or superior; land not subject to feudal duties or burdens. Anestate held by absolute ownership, without recognizing anysuperior to whom any duty is due on account thereof.Amend: to change the wording of, to formally alter by strikingout, inserting or substituting wordsAnarchy: a sociopolitical theory holding that the only legitimateform of government is one under which individuals governthemselves free from any collective power structure enforcingcompliance with social order. {No Rule or Law}Appear/Appearance: A coming into court as a party or interestedperson or as a lawyer on behalf of a party or interested person.Artificial person: An entity such as a corporation, created by lawand given certain legal rights and duties of a human being. Alsotermed ficitious,juristic,legal,moral persons
 
Autocracy: Government by one person with unlimited power andauthority unlimited monarchy.BLACK PERSON: "Black person," occurring in Constitution andlaws, must be taken in its generic sense as contradistinguishedfrom white. Rice v. Gong Lum, 139 Miss. 760, 104 So. 105, 109.Brief: A written statement setting out the legal contentions of aparty in litigation,a document prepared by counsel as the basisfor arguing a case, consisting of legal and factual arguments andthe authorities in support of them.CESTUI QUE TRUST: He who has a right to a beneficial interest inand out of an estate the legal title to which is vested in another.2 Washb. Real Prop. 163. The person who possesses theequitable right to property and receives the rents, issues, andprofits thereof, the legal estate of which is vested in a trustee.Bernardsville Methodist Episcopal Church v. Seney, 85 N. J. Eq.271, 96 A. 388, 389 ; Moore v. Shifflett, 187 Ky. 7, 216 S. W.614, 616. It has been proposed to substitute for this uncouthterm the English word "beneficiary,"and the latter, though stillfar from universally adopted, has come to be quite frequent lyused. It is equal in precision to the an tiquated and unwieldyNorman phrase, and far better adapted to the genius of our'language.Citizen: for diversity-jurisdiction purposes, a corporation thatwas incorporated within a state or has its principal place orbusiness there. A person by birth or naturalization is a memberof a political community.C I V I L: Originally, pertaining or appropriate to a member of acivitas or free political community ; natural or proper to acitizen. Also, relating to the community, or to the policy andgovernment of the citizens and subjects of a state.CIVILIAN: One who is skilled or versed in the civil law. A doctor,professor, or stu dent of the civil law. Also a private citizen, seesand the head places of large districts.as distinguished from such
 
as belong to the army and navy or (in England) the church.Civil Law:
 Jus civile
, one of two prominent legal systems in thewestern world. The body of law imposed by the state as opposedto moral law. a private contract is or agreement is involved. Foran action to be brought there must be a breach of contract anddamages.CIVILITER MORTUUS: Civilly dead ; in the view of the law. Thecondition of one who has lost his civil rights and capacities, andis accounted dead in law. Troup v. Wood, 4 Johns. Ch. (N. Y.)228 ; Platner v. Sherwood, 6 Johns. Ch. (N. Y.) 118 ; Quick v.Western Ry. of Alabama, 207 Ala. 376, 92 So. 608.Color of: A legal term meaning the “pretense or appearance of"some right; in other words, 'color of', as in 'color of law', meansthe thing colors (or adjusts) the law; however the adjustmentmade may either be lawful or it may merely appear to be lawful.Color of Law: Color of law refers to an appearance of legal powerto act but which may actually operate in violation of law.Common Law: In Equity common law isnt written law, it cant bechanged, it stems from Magna Carta. It is the idea that if youdon’t injure anyone, then there is no crime.Conversion: the wrongful possession or disposition of another’sproperty as if it were one’s own.Constitutor: One who by simple agreement, becomes responsiblefor the payment of another’s debtCreditor: A person to whom a debt is owing by anotherperson(debtor)Crime: An act committed or emitted, in violation of a public lawDe facto Judge: A judge operating under color of law but whoseauthority is procedurally defective , such as a judge appointed

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