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DRAW10W - Pictorial Drawing (Isometric Drawing)

DRAW10W - Pictorial Drawing (Isometric Drawing)

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Published by Paolo Gochingco
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Pictorial Drawing (Isometric Drawing)

In axonometric projection, an observer is considered to be at infinity and the visual rays are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the plane of projection. An isometric projection is one in which all angles between the axonometric axes are equal. To produce an isometric projection (isometric means “equal measure), it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges or axes make equal angles with the plane of projection and therefore f
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Pictorial Drawing (Isometric Drawing)

In axonometric projection, an observer is considered to be at infinity and the visual rays are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the plane of projection. An isometric projection is one in which all angles between the axonometric axes are equal. To produce an isometric projection (isometric means “equal measure), it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges or axes make equal angles with the plane of projection and therefore f

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Published by: Paolo Gochingco on Dec 20, 2011
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Pictorial Drawing (Isometric Drawing)In axonometric projection, anobserver is considered to be at infinity and thevisual rays are parallel to each other andperpendicular to the plane of projection. Anisometric projection is one in which all anglesbetween the axonometric axes are equal.To produce an isometric projection
(isometric means “equal measure), it is
necessary to place the object so that itsprincipal edges or axes make equal angles withthe plane of projection and thereforeforeshortened equally. In this position, theedges of a cube would be projected equallyand would make equal angles with each other.The projections of the axes make angles of 120 with each other and are called isometricaxes. Any line parallel to one of these is a non-isometric line. The angles in the isometricprojection of the cube are either 120 or 60, and
 
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all are projections of 90 angles. In an isometricprojection of a cube, the faces of the cube andany planes parallel to them are called isometricplanes.All distances in the isometric scale are2/3 times the true size. When a drawing isprepared with an isometric scale or when theobject is actually projected on a plane of projection, it is called an isometric projection.When a drawing is prepared with an ordinaryscale, it is an isometric projection. Theisometric drawing is about 25 / larger than theisometric projection, but the pictorial value isobviously the same in both. It is usuallyadvantageous to make an isometric drawingthan projection.In constructing an object composedonly of normal surfaces, all measurements aremade parallel to the main edges of the mainenclosing box. Inclined surfaces are located byoffset or coordinate measurements along the
 
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isometric lines. Oblique surfaces may bedrawn by establishing the intersections of theoblique surface with the isometric planes.The choice of the directions of theisometric axes should be determined by theposition by which the object is usually viewedor by the position that best describes the shapeof the object. Nonetheless, the angles betweenthe axes must remain 120.Offset measurements are drawnparallel to certain edges of the main block inthe multiview drawings. Hence, they will alsobe parallel to the same edges in the isometricdrawings. Hidden lines are omitted unless theyare needed to make the drawing clear. Centerslines are drawn if they are needed to indicatesymmetry or if they are needed fordimensioning.Objects of rectangular shape may bemore easily drawn by means of box

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