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Vocarstvo

Vocarstvo

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Published by Nebojsa Radenkovic

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categoriesTypes, Research, Science
Published by: Nebojsa Radenkovic on Dec 20, 2011
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03/01/2014

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Univerzitet u Novom SaduPoljoprivredni fakultet
VOĆARSTVO
Mentor:Student:
Prof. Dr Zoran KeserovićRadenković Nebojša
Novi SadNovembar 2005.
 
Sadržaj
Ispitna pitanja iz voćarstva..................................................................................................4Značaj voćarstva..................................................................................................................6Koncepti proizvodnje voća.................................................................................................7-integralni koncept proizvodnje voća.................................................................7-biološki koncept proizvodnje voća...................................................................7-konvencionalni koncept proizvodnje voća.......................................................7Organi voćaka.....................................................................................................................8-koren.................................................................................................................8-stablo.................................................................................................................9-pupoljci............................................................................................................11-list....................................................................................................................12-cvet..................................................................................................................13-plod..................................................................................................................14-rodne grančice..................................................................................................14Voćarski reoni Srbije.........................................................................................................16Ekologija voćaka................................................................................................................17Klimatski uslovi..........................................................................................................17-svetlost.............................................................................................................17-temperatura......................................................................................................17-vlažnost............................................................................................................17-vetar..................................................................................................................17Zemljišni uslovi..........................................................................................................18-tip zemljišta..................................................................................................... 18-hemiski sastav..................................................................................................18-nadmorska visina.............................................................................................18-položaj parcele.................................................................................................18Razmnožavanje voćaka......................................................................................................19Generativno razmnožavanje........................................................................................19-seme za proizvodnju sejanaca..........................................................................19-setva semena u semeništu................................................................................20-setva semena direktno u rastilo........................................................................20Vegetativno razmnožavanje........................................................................................20-metoda za odredjivanje klijavosti semena.......................................................20Generativne podloge..........................................................................................................20Vegetativne podloge..........................................................................................................20 Načini vegetativnog razmnožavanja..................................................................................21-nagrtanje...........................................................................................................21-reznice..............................................................................................................21-izdanci..............................................................................................................22-živići.................................................................................................................22-kultura tkiva.....................................................................................................22-kalemljenje.......................................................................................................22Podloge..............................................................................................................................25
©
opyrights by Nebojša
®
adenković
 
-Podloge za jabuku............................................................................................25-Podloge za krušku............................................................................................25-Podloge za dunju i mušmulu............................................................................25-Podloge za šljivu..............................................................................................25-Podloge za breskvu..........................................................................................26-Podloge za kajsiju............................................................................................26-Podloge za višnju i trešnju...............................................................................26-Podloge za lesku..............................................................................................26-Podloge za orah................................................................................................26Podizanje voćnjaka............................................................................................................27-priprema zemljišta............................................................................................27-rastojanje izmedju voća....................................................................................27-razmeštaj sorti u voćnjaku...............................................................................28-sadnja voćnjaka................................................................................................28-postavljanje potpore za voće............................................................................28 Nega voćnjaka....................................................................................................................29-održavanje zemljišta u voćnjaku......................................................................29-gajenje podkultura............................................................................................29-đubrenje voćnjaka............................................................................................29-navodnjavanje..................................................................................................31-pomotehničke mere za otklanjanje nerodnosti.................................................32-proređivanje cvetova i plodova........................................................................32Rezidba..............................................................................................................................33-forme uzgojnih oblika – vodeći uzgojni oblici kod pojedinih voćnih vrsta....33-regulisanje rodnosti putem rezidbe..................................................................36-rezidba voćaka u rodu......................................................................................37-hemisko proređivanje plodova.........................................................................37Pomologija.........................................................................................................................38Jabučasto voće............................................................................................................38-sorte jabuke......................................................................................................38-sorte kruške......................................................................................................41-sorte dunje .......................................................................................................42-sorte mušmule..................................................................................................43Koštičavo voće............................................................................................................43-sorte šljive........................................................................................................43-sorte kajsije......................................................................................................44-sorte višnje.......................................................................................................44-sorte trešnje......................................................................................................45-sorte breskve....................................................................................................45Jagodasto voće............................................................................................................46Jezgrasto voće.............................................................................................................47Organogeneza kod voća.....................................................................................................48Berba i čuvanje voća..........................................................................................................49Fiziološka oboljenja...........................................................................................................50Period rastenja i rodnosti...................................................................................................51
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adenković

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