Champagne, Cognac, Roquefort, Chianti, Porto, Tequila, Darjeeling,
are some examples of
names which are associated with products of a certain nature, quality and geographical origin.
Protected indications, also considered as a collective tool for producers to promote the products of their territory, can acquire a high reputation and therefore turn into valuable commercial assets for local producers, and to a larger extent, also represent a factor of
national economic development and sustainability of traditional products. For this very
reason they are often exposed to misappropriation or counterfeiting by unauthorized third parties, for unrelated products, and their protection is highly desirable both at the national and international level.
The legal protection provided by geographical indications and appellations of origin is based
on the recognition of a connection between the quality or characteristics of such products and a speciﬁc geographical area.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF PROTECTION UNDER THE LISBON SYSTEM ?
Geographical indications are protected in accordance with international
treaties and national laws under a wide range of concepts, including
sui generis laws for the protection of geographical indications or
appellations of origin, trademark laws in the form of collective marks
or certiﬁcation marks, laws against unfair competition, consumer
protection laws, or speciﬁc laws or decrees that recognize individual geographical indications. Securing protection for such indications in
other countries has, however, been complicated due to differences in legal concepts existing from country to country in this regard.
As its name indicates, The Lisbon Agreement
for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and
Their International Registration (hereinafter
referred to as ‘the Lisbon Agreement’) was
speciﬁcally concluded in response to the need for an international system that would facilitate
the protection of a special category of such
geographical indications, i.e. “appellations
of origin”, in countries other than the country
of origin, by means of their registration with
WIPO through a single procedure, for a
minimum of formalities and expense.
The Lisbon Agreement helps protect national
economic interests : in many countries, goods
bearing an appellation of origin represent a substantial share of exports, and it is therefore important that the appellations
should be effectively protected against any
appropriation in the largest possible number
A FEW FACTS
The Lisbon Agreement was adopted in 1958 and revised at Stockholm in 1967. It entered
into force on September 25, 1966, and is
administered by the International Bureau of
WIPO, which keeps the International Register
of Appellations of Origin and publishes a bulletin entitled “Appellations of origin”, which is also available in electronic format on the WIPO website at http ://www.wipo.
int/lisbon/en/ .The list of Contracting Parties to the Lisbon Agreement can be found on WIPO’s website,
at the following address: www.wipo.int/export/
© Parmigiano Reggiano