environment, including cold clouds, atmospheric scattering, Sun interference, Moon inter-ference, and Earth radiance nonuniformities. Susceptibility to spacecraft adverse environ-mental effects including mechanical obscuration, electromagnetic interference, thermalradiation, and thermal conduction must be minimized. The output signals should be com-patible in level, dynamic range, data rate, and format with the control system of which theyare functional elements.The simplest, most reliable design capable of performing the specified function should beprovided.Designs developed with flight-proven hardware and techniques should be usedwhenever practicable.
3.1.1 Spectral Region
The spectral region of operation should be selected to be consistent with performance re-quirements, considering effects caused by clouds, Earth spatial and temporal temperaturedifferences, and radiance profile shape variations.
Detector damage by solar heating must be prevented. Output errors caused by the Sunbeing in or near the detector field
view shall be minimized. An alarm signal should beconsidered to indicate actual
impending Sun errors. This alarm signal should be com-patible with switching logic circuits
that appropriate action may be taken consistent withthe horizon-sensor design and the requirements of the spacecraft attitude-control system.For radiance-balancing sensors, output errors and detector-plane thermal gradients must beconsidered when the Sun is
or near the total field of view encompassed by all detectors.
The optical design should be such that multiple reflections from external sources, suchas the Sun, Moon, Earth, or spacecraft, and from sources within the sensor itself do not