Population of Palestine - 1870
Approximately 382,00085% Muslim11% Christian4% Jewish (primarily in Jerusalem, Safed,Hebron, and Tiberias)
(Not including estimated 20-30,000 Bedouin)
30% in over 10 towns and cities and 70% insmaller rural agricultural villages (approximately690, vast majority less than 500 people).
Traditional patriarchal society controlled bynotables, tribal chiefs, clan heads, and dominantfamilies.