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BAN PDA: Developing and Pilot Testing Specialists Course on Riverbank Protection (Completion Report)

BAN PDA: Developing and Pilot Testing Specialists Course on Riverbank Protection (Completion Report)

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BAN PDA: Developing and Pilot Testing Specialists Course on Riverbank Protection (Completion Report)
BAN PDA: Developing and Pilot Testing Specialists Course on Riverbank Protection (Completion Report)

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Published by: adbwaterforall on Dec 21, 2011
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ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
RETA 6498: Knowledge and Innovation Support for ADB’s Water Financing Program
PILOT AND DEMONSTRATION ACTIVITYDeveloping and Pilot Testing a Specialists’ Course on River Bank Protection
PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT
Bureau of Research, Testing and ConsultationBangladesh University of Engineering & Technology
June 2010
Table of Content
 
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views orpolicies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent.ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for anyconsequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.
 
 1
1 Background and Context
21.1 Development Context 21.2 Related Challenges 21.3 Objectives of the Project 21.4 Expected Outcomes of the Project 31.5 Project Area and its relevance 3
2 Methodology and Main Outputs
42.1 Identification of Topics Relevant to River Bank Protection 42.2 Identification of the Experts, Resource Persons and evaluator 42.3
 
Course Material Development for Specialists’ Course 42.4
 
Pilot and Demonstration Activity (PDA) 42.4.1
 
Introduction 52.4.2
 
Launching of the Program 52.4.3
 
Pilot Testing 62.4.4
 
Field Visit 62.4.5
 
Evaluation of PDA 62.5
 
Short Course for Practitioners/young professionals 72.6
 
Certificate Awarding 72.7
 
Main Outputs 72.8
 
Non accomplishments 8
3
 
Project Outcomes and Lessons Learned
93.1 Outcomes achieved 93.2
 
Lessons Learned 9
 Appendix A
10
 Appendix-B
12
 Appendix-C
16
 Appendix-D
20
1 Background and Context
 
 2
1.1 Development Context
Bangladesh is the lower riparian country of some of the largest rivers in the world, namely theGanges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna. The total catchment area of these rivers covers about 1%of the world’s land surface but is home of about 10% of the world’s population. Thisenvironment is characterized by unpredictable dramatic changes, resulting from tectonics alongthe Himalayan Mountains and annual monsoons. The combination of mountain instability andmonsoon formed the large rivers of Bangladesh and is the major driving factor of theirinstability. Dating back to the “Great Assam Earthquake” in 1950, the river system inBangladesh is still adjusting to the entrained sediment loads. This caused substantial wideningof the major rivers, leading to more than 1000 km² loss of land over the last 30 years along theBrahmaputra alone.Since independence, Bangladesh is struggling to counter large-scale river erosion, at leastalong the important places on the banks of the major rivers with little success. Until recently,when the development of a new technology, in combination with indigenous knowledge,largely focusing on prediction, a comprehensive planning framework, and flexibleimplementation achieved successful and cost-effective protection of longer reaches. Based onthese findings and the systematic analysis of the performance of past riverbank protection, newguidelines for riverbank protection were established with the support of BUET. Theperformance analysis of riverbank protection in large rivers plays a major role in thepreparation of these guidelines and makes them a unique document.With a view to developing a specialized course incorporating the key elements of planning,design, and monitoring of river bank erosion works, a PDA proposal was submitted by Bureauof Research Testing and Consultation (BRTC) of Bangladesh University of Engineering andTechnology (BUET) to Asian Development Bank (ADB).
1.2 Related Challenges
With a population in excess of 150 million and an approximate area of 1,50,000 squarekilometers, Bangladesh is now one of the most densely populated countries of the world. Hereper capita arable land is the lowest in the world. On top of that 10,000 hectares of land is lostevery year because of river bank erosion along the major rivers of the country whichexacerbates the problem.The rivers are found to undergo morphological (Cross-section and planform) adjustment. Thisdynamism makes riverbank erosion a devastating hazard in Bangladesh that permanentlydisplaces and impoverishes many people.The associated riverbank erosion is a major destabilizing factor in Bangladesh, affecting theimportant flood protection embankments, human settlements and all other infrastructureincluding road network in the vicinity of the rivers.
1.3 Objectives of the Project
The main objective of this PDA is to develop a specialists’ course at post-graduate level onriverbank protection alongside alluvial rivers, and run a pilot course for testing and refinementbefore working on the mainstreaming of the course into the school curriculum. The secondaryobjectives are to: (i) develop short courses for the engineers & scientists working in watersectors; and (ii) broaden the knowledge base with potentials for incorporation into a regionalknowledge hub.

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